决战棋牌

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                      • 项目代建与工程监理一体化管理研究

                        摘 要: 众所周知,经济发展加快了建筑行业进步的速度,为管理模式的优化提供了良好的外部环境。本文首先简单地介绍了项目代建、工程监理的含义,其次分析了项目代建、监理面临的不足,最后结合实际应用,分别从目的、优势、应用要点等方面,围绕该模式展开了深入的研
                        阅读技巧Ctrl+D 收藏本篇文章

                          摘 要:决战棋牌 众所周知,经济发展加快了建筑行业进步的速度,为管理模式的优化提供了良好的外部环境。本文首先简单地介绍了项目代建、工程监理的含义,其次分析了项目代建、监理面临的不足,最后结合实际应用,分别从目的、优势、应用要点等方面,围绕该模式展开了深入的研究,供相关人员参考。

                          关键词: 建筑工程; 项目代建; 监理一体化;

                          0、前言

                        决战棋牌   BUDUANFAZHANDEJIANZHUGONGCHENG,CUISHENGLEBAOKUODAIJIANGUANLIZAINEIDEYIXILIEGUANLIMOSHI,YAOXIANGSHIXINXINGGUANLIMOSHIDEJIAZHIDEDAOSHIXIAN,GUANJIANSHIDUIQITEDIANHESHIYONGFANWEIJIAYIMINGQUE,JIEHEXIANGMUQINGKUANG,YOUXUANZEXINGDIXUANZEBINGJIAYIYINGYONG,SHIJIANZHENGMING,YITIHUAGUANLI,NENGGOUYOUXIAOGUANKONGGESHIGONGHUANJIE,WEISHIGONGZHILIANGHEJINDUTIGONGBAOZHANG,WEIRAOQIZHANKAIYANJIUZIRANHENYOUBIYAO。

                          1 、建筑工程代建概述

                          1.1 、项目代建

                          项目代建是契约精神的深化,更是市场经济背景下,细化分工的表现,简单来说,项目代建是出资企业通过公开招标的形式,选定专业程度、综合实力较高的企业,将管理工程施工的工作交由其全权负责的制度。出资企业与代建单位间,应签署相关协议,为自身的权益提供保障。代建单位的职责是以现有法律和所签署协议为依据,选择符合项目实际情况的管理技术和施工技术,对工程质量进度造价进行控制,进行信息管理合同决战棋牌管理,履行安全职责,协调处理各单位关系,最大程度提高项目施工质量[1]。

                          1.2 、工程监理

                          GONGCHENGJIANLIZHIDESHIYOUZHUANYEGONGSIDUILINSHIZUZHIJIEGOUJINXINGTIDAI,LIYONGKAIFANGSHIDEFANGSHI,DUIGONGCHENGXIANGMUJINXINGGUANLI,CONGERSHIZIJIZIZUDECHUANTONGGONGCHENGJIANSHEDEDAOYOUHUADEGUANLIMOSHI。ZAISHIJIYINGYONGDEGUOCHENGZHONG,GONGCHENGJIANLIZHUYAOSHIJIEZHUJINGJI、JISHUDENGSHOUDUAN,DUIQIYEYOUXIAOZIYUANJINXINGZHENGHE,TONGGUOGONGCHENGGUANLIDEFANGSHI,WEIJIANZHUSHIGONGBAOZHI、BAOLIANGDEWANCHENGDIANDINGLIANGHAOJICHU。

                          2 、项目代建与监理现状

                          2.1、 监理权威被削弱

                          在对建筑工程进行施工时,多数代建单位会结合实际情况,选择相应的管控方法,为施工进度和质量提供保证,在此过程中,业主也被赋予了对施工进行监理的权利,由于能够对工程进行监理的人员较多,难以确认主体,因此,监理权威被削弱的情况难以避免。实践证明,要想解决上述问题,业主应给予监理人员充分的信任,保证在施工过程中,监理单位具有的管控作用,可以得到应有的发挥。

                        项目代建与工程监理一体化管理研究

                          2.2 、代建处于弱势地位

                        决战棋牌   ZAISHIGONGGUOCHENGZHONG,JIANZHUGONGCHENGSUOSHOUDAOYINGXIANGLAIZIDUOGEFANGMIAN,YOUYUQIZHUDAOZUOYONGDESHIYEZHU,YINCI,WULUNSHIDUIGONGCHENGJINXINGSHEJIHAISHISHIGONG,JUNYINGDANGDUIYEZHUTICHUDEYIJIANJIAYIKAOLV。XIANJIEDUAN,JIANZHUXINGYESHANGWEIZHIDINGYIDAIJIANDANWEIWEIZHUYAONEIRONGDEBIAOZHUNFANBEN,YEZHU/DAIJIANDANWEIDEYIWUHEQUANLIBINGBUMINGQUE,ZAISHIJISHIGONGZHONGCHANSHENGJIUFENDEQINGKUANGNANYIBIMIAN,RUGUOBUJISHIJIEJUEJIUFEN,BUJINSHIGONGJINDUHUISHOUDAOYINGXIANG,HAIHUIJIJIANZHUQIYEZAOCHENGJUDADESUNSHI,LIRU,DAIJIANDANWEIMEIYOUANZHAOYAOQIU,DUIJIANZHUGONGCHENGJINXINGSHIGONG,YEZHUYAOQIUFANGONGZHONGJIAN,DALIANGZIYUANYINCIERBEILANGFEI[2]。YAOXIANGSHISHANGSHUWENTIDEDAOCHEDIJIEJUE,GUANJIANSHIWANSHANFALVFAGUIDENEIRONG,BAOZHENGYEZHU/DAIJIANDANWEIDUIZISHENDEQUANLIHEZHIZEJIAYIMINGQUE,ZHENZHENGZUODAOYOUFAKEYI。

                          3 、项目代建与监理一体化管理的研究

                          3.1 、一体化管理的目的

                        决战棋牌   WOGUOZAI20SHIJI90NIANDAI,YIJINGJIGUANLIMOSHIWEIYIJU,DUIJIANZHUGONGCHENGDEJIANSHEJIANLIZHIDUJINXINGLEQUELI,ZAICIJICHUSHANG,ZHIDINGLEYIXILIEDEGUIFANTIAOLIJIFALVFAGUI,JIANLIDANWEIDEQUANLIHEZHIZEYINCIERBIANDEGENGJIAMINGQUE,WEIJIANZHUGUANLIZHILIANGDETISHENGDIANDINGLEJICHU。SUIZHESHEHUIDEFAZHAN,DAIJIANZAIJIANZHUSHIGONGGUOCHENGZHONGBIANDEYUELAIYUECHANGJIAN,MUDESHIJIEJUEZHENGFUTOUZISUOJIANSHEXIANGMU,ZAISHIGONGZHONGMIANLINDEWENTI,DUOSHUDIQUDOUYIJINGGENJUSHIJIQINGKUANG,CHUTAILEYIDAIJIANGUANLIWEIZHUYAONEIRONGDEFANGFA,YIQINENGGOUSHIXIANQUANGUOCHENGZHUIZONGBINGGUANLISHIGONGJINCHENGDESHEXIANG,ZHEIJIUYAOQIUDAIJIANDANWEIDUIANQUAN、JINDU、ZHILIANGDENGFANGMIANJINXINGGUANLI,ZHIZEZHONGDIEDEQINGKUANGSUIZHICHUXIAN,BINGBULIYUSHIGONGDEKAIZHAN,ZHIYOUDUIJIANLIHEDAIJIANJINXINGYITIHUAGUANLI,CAINENGSHISHANGSHUBIDUANDEDAOYOUXIAOJIEJUE,YOUCIKEJIAN,YITIHUAGUANLIYOUQICUNZAIDEYIYIHEBIYAOXING,YINGDANGYINQIRENMENDEZHONGSHI。

                          3.2、 一体化管理的优势

                          JIANZHUQIYEKEYITONGGUOWEITUOXIANGMUGUANLIGONGSIDUIGONGCHENGJINXINGDAIJIANDEFANGSHI,MIBUYUANYOUGUANLIMOSHICUNZAIDEBUZU,LIRU,GONGYIXINGXIANGMUTONGCHANGXUYAOYEZHUDUIXIANGMUZUJINXINGLINSHIZUJIAN,CANYUSHIGONGDEJISHURENYUAN,ZAIZHUANYEZHISHI、SHIJIANJINGYANDENGFANGMIAN,JUNNANYIDEDAOBAOZHENG,LINGWAI,JIANDUJIZHIDEQUEFA,YOUZENGJIALEJUECECUOWUDEGAILV,JINERDAOZHICHENGBEN、ZIYUANBEILANGFEI,SHENZHIJIGONGCHENGXIAOYIDAILAIBULIYINGXIANG。DAIJIANDANWEINENGGOUZUODAOGENZONGGUANLISHIGONGQUANGUOCHENG,BAOKUOANQUAN、JINDUHEZHILIANGDENG,GONGCHENGGUANLISHUIPING,WANGWANGNENGGOUYINCIERDEDAODAFUTIGAO,SUOHUODETOUZIXIAOYIZIRANZENGJIA。DANSHI,DAIJIANDANWEISUOGUANLIDENEIRONGGUOYUFANZA,JIAOYIYOUYUZHIZEZHONGDIE,DAOZHIZERENBUMINGQUEDEWENTICHUXIAN,YAOXIANGSHIGAIWENTICONGGENBENSHANGDEDAOJIEJUE,GUANJIANSHIWEITUOZHUANYEGONGSIFUZEJIANLI,DUIXIANGMUDAIJIANHEJIANLIJINXINGYITIHUAGUANLI,ZAIKAIZHANXIANGGUANGONGZUOSHI,XUYAOYINQIZHONGSHIDENEIRONGSHIJIANGJIANLIDANWEIDEZHIZEHEGONGZUONEIRONG,ZAIZHAOBIAOWENJIANZHONGJINXINGBIAOMING,JIANLIDANWEIJIXUYAOJIANDUGONGCHENGSHIGONG,HAIXUYAOWEIQIANQIZHUNBEI、JUNGONGYANSHOUHUANJIE,TIGONGJIANDUHEZHIDAO。SHIJIANZHENGMING,YITIHUAGUANLIDEYOUSHI,ZHUYAOTIXIANZAISANGEFANGMIAN:(1)YITIHUAGUANLINENGGOUSHIDAIJIANDANWEISUOKAIZHANGEXIANGGONGZUODEDAOYOULIJIANDU,JISHIFAXIANBINGJIEJUEWENTI,BIMIANJUECESHIWUDEQINGKUANGCHUXIAN;(2)JIANGXIANGMUJIAOYOUJIANLIDANWEIFUZE,NENGGOUYOUXIAOJIEJUEZHIZEZHONGFU、DUOTOULINGDAODEWENTI,SHIXIEDIAOZHIHUI、TONGYIGUANLIDESHEXIANGCHENGWEIXIANSHI;(3)YITIHUAGUANLIYOULIYUFUWUFEIYONGDEHEBINGJIGUANLICHENGBENDEYOUHUA,ZUDUANFUBAIXIANXIANGDEZISHENGQUDAO[3]。

                          3.3、 实际应用与分析

                          某市拟对A建筑试行监理和代建一体化管理,此工程的作用主要是为营销活动、展览活动提供场所,即作为展览馆投入运行。展示中心共分4层,被划分为休息区、观看区等诸多区域,如图1所示,建筑企业将工程规划委托给某项目管理公司全权负责,此公司又结合实际情况,选定了监理单位,监理单位的工作是对设计方案进行审核,及时提出潜在风险,联合设计人员将其改正。进入管理控制阶段后,监理单位的工作内容,逐渐转向质量管理、进度管理、风险管理和成本管理等方面。代建单位需深入分析各环节成本的变化,结合实际情况,防范风险要素的出现。在对原材料进行采购时,通过全程考察和预审的方式,严格把控采购成本,保证材料质量能够达到有关要求。待施工环节告一段落,监理单位应联合代建单位,对工程质量进行验收,确保能够准确发现存在的问题,通过相互讨论的方式,确定解决方案,待问题解决后,再次对工程进行验收。A建筑正是由于对一体化管理模式进行了应用,才保证了施工全过程都没有风险出现,无论是采购成本还是施工成本,均得到了强有力的控制,由此可见,对监理和代建进行一体化管理很有必要。

                          图1 展览中心分布
                        图1 展览中心分布

                          TONGGUOSHANGWENDEFENXINENGGOUKANCHU,DUIJIANLIHEDAIJIANJINXINGYITIHUAGUANLI,DUIJIANZHUGONGCHENGSHIGONGJUYOUZHONGYAOYIYI,ZHEISHIYINWEIGAIGUANLIFANGSHI,KEYISHIZHILIANGGUANLI、JINDUGUANLI、ANQUANGUANLIHEFENGXIANGUANLIDENGHUANJIE,SHIZHONGCHUYUBEIYANGEGUANKONGDEZHUANGTAIXIA,RENHEBUMEN、RENHEHUANJIEJIRENHEJIEDUANKAIZHANDEGONGZUO,JUNNENGGOUDADAOXIZHI、JINGZHUNDEYAOQIU,BUJINGONGQIBEISUODUAN、SHIGONGCHENGBENDEDAOJIESHENG,JINCHANGSHIJIANBUTONG,DAOZHIGUANLICHUXIANYANSHIDENGYUANYOUGUANLIFANGSHICUNZAIDEWENTI,YEKEYIDEDAOJIEJUE。

                          3.4、 应用要点

                        决战棋牌   ZUOWEIGONGCHENGJINGJIHUDONGGUANLIZHONGDIANDEDAIJIANDANWEI,ZAIGONGCHENGSHIGONGDEGUOCHENGZHONG,FAHUIZHEWUFABEITIDAIDEZHONGYAOZUOYONG,SHIJIANZHENGMING,YAOXIANGSHIQIZUOYONGDEDAOCHONGFENFAHUI,YIXIANEIRONGXUYAOXIANGGUANRENYUANYINQIZHONGSHI:(1)TONGGUOGONGKAIZHAOBIAODEFANGSHI,QUEDINGZIZHILIANGHAODEQIYEZUOWEIDAIJIANDANWEI,FUZEWEIGONGCHENGTIGONGGUANLIFUWU,BAOZHENGGONGCHENGZHILIANG;(2)QIANDINGDAIJIANHETONG,DUICANYUSHUANGFANGDEYIWUHEQUANLIJIAYIMINGQUE;(3)WEITUOFANGYIHUODEPIZHUNDETOUZIJINEJIJIANSHEGUIMOWEIYIJU,TICHUSHIGONGYAOQIUHEBIAOZHUN,XIEZHUDAIJIANDANWEIWANCHENGQIANQIGONGZUO,LUOSHIJIANSHETIAOJIANBINGCANYUJUNGONGYANSHOU;(4)WULUNSHIYEZHUHAISHIDAIJIANDANWEI,JUNBUKESUOYIGENGGAIHUODEPIZHUNDEJIANSHEBIAOZHUN、GUIMOJINEIRONG,LIRU,TIGAOBIAOZHUN、KUODAGUIMOHUOZENGJIANEIRONG,ZHEIYANGZUOHUIDAOZHIGONGQIYANZHANG,CHENGBENYEHUIZENGJIA;(5)JINGGUOYEZHU、DAIJIANDANWEIHEDINGHOU,FANGKEANZHAOYOUGUANGUIDING,DUIZIJINJINXINGBOFUBINGGUANLI;(6)DAIJIANDANWEIYINGYISHEJIFANGANWEIYIJU,DUISHEJI、TOUZIHESHIGONGJINXINGZUZHI,JIADAYUSUANKONGZHILIDU,ANZHAOHETONGSUOTICHUYAOQIU,WANCHENGXIANGMUGUANLIGONGZUO,WEISHIGONGJINDU、ZHILIANGHEANQUANTIGONGBAOZHANG;(7)DAIJIANDANWEIYINGYISHIGONGFANBEN、XIANXINGGUANLITIAOLIWEIYIJU,WANCHENGXIANGMUSHIGONGDEGUANLIGONGZUO,JIESHOUQITABUMENJIRENYUANDEJIANDU。

                          4 、结论

                          ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,ZUOWEIXINXINGGUANLIFANGSHIDEXIANGMUDAIJIAN,NENGGOUWEIGONGCHENGTIGONGXIZHI、QUANMIAN、YOUXIAODEGUANLIFUWU,JIANLIDEZUOYONGSHIMIBUDAIJIANGUANLIDEBUZU,JIUZHENGJUECESHIWU,JIANGERZHEJINXINGJIEHE,KEYISHIQIYOUSHIDEDAOCHONGFENCHENGXIAN。XIWANGSHANGWENZHONGTAOLUNDENEIRONG,KEYIZAIMOUXIEFANGMIANJIJIANZHUQIYEYIQIFA,WEIYITIHUAGUANLISUOJUYOUJIJIZUOYONGDEFAHUITIGONGBANGZHU。

                          参考文献

                          [1]赵永才.建筑工程项目代建与监理一体化管理研究[J].建材与装饰,2018(7):176.
                          [2]尹陆,陆春标.建筑工程项目代建与监理一体化管理的探讨[J].建材与装饰,2017(16):136-137.
                          [3]董金利.关于建筑工程项目代建与监理一体化管理的探讨[J].中国新技术新产品,2016(12):171-172.

                          张鲲.建筑工程项目代建与监理一体化管理的分析[J].建材与装饰,2020(04):159-160. 转载请注明来源。原文地址:http://gxkelong.com/html/Constructs/20200228/8255588.html   

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