决战棋牌

    1. <form id='aff4a'></form>
        <bdo id='aff4a'><sup id='aff4a'><div id='aff4a'><bdo id='aff4a'></bdo></div></sup></bdo>

            1. <form id='3r4jl'></form>
                <bdo id='3r4jl'><sup id='3r4jl'><div id='3r4jl'><bdo id='3r4jl'></bdo></div></sup></bdo>

                    1. <form id='uy3lf'></form>
                        <bdo id='uy3lf'><sup id='uy3lf'><div id='uy3lf'><bdo id='uy3lf'></bdo></div></sup></bdo>

                          • 我国医学期刊社会调查稿件的伦理审查状况分析——以预防医学与卫

                            万映利①田杰① 摘要:为了解我国医学期刊稿件中社会调查类研究的伦理审查现状,采用文献分析法,选取代表性较高的15家预防医学与卫生学中文核心期刊为例,分析其稿件中社会调查类研究的伦理审查情况。结果显示,期刊对社会调查类稿件的伦理审查要求不严,研究者的伦理
                            阅读技巧Ctrl+D 收藏本篇文章

                              WANYINGLI①TIANJIE①


                              摘要:为了解我国医学期刊稿件中社会调查类研究的伦理审查现状,采用文献分析法,选取代表性较高的15家预防医学与卫生学中文核心期刊为例,分析其稿件中社会调查类研究的伦理审查情况。结果显示,期刊对社会调查类稿件的伦理审查要求不严,研究者的伦理意识薄弱。为此,提出期刊应规范对社会调查类研究进行伦理审查的要求;研究者应积极学习伦理知识,增强伦理意识;伦理委员会应规范社会调查类研究的伦理要求,加强伦理审查的过程管理;相关管理部门应建立健全伦理委员会的监督体系。


                            决战棋牌  GUANJIANCI:SHEHUIDIAOCHA,LUNLISHENCHA,YIXUEQIKAN


                              近年来,医学研究中涉及人的临床试验和动物实验的伦理问题受到各界的关注[1],但涉及社会调查的伦理学问题的研究却较为鲜见。社会调查作为研究社会的一种实践方法与技术手段,是社会科学界使用最多的研究方式之一[2],为保护被调查者的合法权益,同时保证社会调查数据的真实性,社会调查的伦理学问题应受到重视。我国于2016年12月1日起正式实施的《涉及人的生物医学研究伦理审办法》中明确规定涉及人的生物医学研究包括采用流行病学、社会学心理学等方法收集、记录、使用、报告或者储存有关人的样本、医疗记录、行为等科学研究资料的活动[3]。因此,凡是与人有关的医疗记录、行为等科学研究资料都应遵循医学研究的伦理准则,均需进行伦理审查。预防医学与卫生学在其研究过程中大量地运用了社会调查的研究方法,同时,中文核心期刊一定程度上反映期刊的质量较高。因此,本研究以预防医学与卫生学中文核心期刊为例分析我国医学期刊社会调查稿件伦理审查的现状。


                            决战棋牌  1YANJIUDUIXIANGYUYANJIUFANGFA


                              1.1YANJIUDUIXIANG


                              在中国知网数据库中使用期刊导航栏目,选择学科导航板块,选定医药卫生科技:预防医学与卫生学并勾选核心期刊选择框。共有16条结果,即16家预防医学与卫生学类中文核心期刊。在每种期刊中进行刊内摘要检索字段“调查”,其中《毒理学杂志》2016年~2017年仅有2篇,进一步筛查发现仅1篇稿件使用了社会调查的方法,无研究意义,故排除了《毒理学杂志》。因此,本研究的研究对象最终确定为15种预防医学与卫生学类中文核心期刊。在每种期刊中选取2016年~2017年发表的摘要中有“调查”二字的全部稿件,同时审查每种期刊稿约中有关伦理方面的要求。


                              1.2WENXIANNARUBIAOZHUNYUPAICHUBIAOZHUN


                            决战棋牌  SHEHUIDIAOCHAJIRENMENYUNYONGTESHUDEFANGFAHESHOUDUAN,CONGSHEHUIXIANSHIZHONGSHOUJIYOUGUANSHEHUISHISHIDEXINXIZILIAO,BINGDUIQIZUOCHUMIAOSHUYUJIESHI[4]。BENYANJIUNARUBIAOZHUN:YANJIUXINGGAOJIAN;SHIYONGLESHEHUIDIAOCHAFANGFADEGAOJIAN;LUNWENDEZHUTISHIYIRENWEIYANJIUDUIXIANG。PAICHUBIAOZHUN:FEIYANJIUXINGGAOJIAN,RUXINXIBAODAO、ZONGSHULEI;YANJIUSHUJUSHIYIJINGGONGKAIDE,BUCUNZAIYINSIWENTI。


                              1.3TONGJIZHIBIAOYUTONGJIFANGFA


                              文献的摘要部分是整篇文章的浓缩,整篇文章运用的方法学也会在摘要部分体现,因此,先在中国知网与万方数据库中进行初筛,在各期刊中进行刊内摘要检索字段“调查”,得出2016年~2017年使用社会调查方法的文献初步情况。然后进行逐篇稿件的审查,根据本研究设定的文献纳入与排除标准确定是否将此论文纳入统计,并统计出以下数据:(1)获得伦理委员会批准的论文比例;(2)获得伦理审批号的论文比例;(3)获得知情同意书的论文比例。


                              2JIEGUO


                              2.1SHEHUIDIAOCHALUNLISHENCHA


                            决战棋牌  BIZHESHOUJILE15ZHONGYUFANGYIXUEYUWEISHENGXUEZHONGWENHEXINQIKANSHEJISHEHUIDIAOCHADELUNWENGONG3350PIAN,HUODELUNLIWEIYUANHUIPIZHUNDELUNWENGONG466PIAN,ZHANBI13.91%;HUODELUNLISHENPIHAODELUNWEN163PIAN,ZHANBI4.87%;HUODEZHIQINGTONGYISHUDELUNWENGONG911PIAN,ZHANBI27.19%。


                              15ZHONGBEIDIAOCHAQIKANZHONG,HUODELUNLIWEIYUANHUIPIZHUNDELUNWENBILIZUIGAODEWEI《ZHONGHUAYUFANGYIXUEZAZHI》,1ZHONGQIKANDELUNLIWEIYUANHUIPIZHUNBILIWEI0;4ZHONGQIKANDEHUODELUNLISHENPIHAODELUNWENBILIWEI0,JIANBIAO1。YISHANGTONGJIJIEGUOSHUOMINGYUFANGYIXUEYUWEISHENGXUEQIKANYUNYONGSHEHUIDIAOCHAFANGFADELUNWENSHULIANGJIAODUO,DANDABUFENMEIYOUTIJISHEHUIDIAOCHAZHONGDEYANJIULUNLIWENTI,GEQIKANYOUGUANSHEHUIDIAOCHAYANJIULUNLISHENCHAQINGKUANGDECHAYIJIAODA。


                              BIAO12016NIAN~2017NIAN15JIAYUFANGYIXUEYUWEISHENGXUEZHONGWENHEXINQIKANSHEHUIDIAOCHAGAOJIANLUNLISHENCHADEQINGKUANGTONGJI


                              width=783,height=340,dpi=110


                              2.2GAOYUEYAOQIU


                              ZAIZHONGGUOZHIWANGYUWANFANGSHUJUKUZHONGJINXINGKANNEIGAOYUECHAXUNBINGJIEHEGEQIKANGUANWANGSHANGDETOUGAOXUZHI,BIZHETONGJIDECHU15JIAYUFANGYIXUEYUWEISHENGXUEQIKANZHIYOU3ZHONGQIKANDEGAOYUEYOULUNLIWENTIDESHUOMING,QIZHONG《ZHONGHUALIUXINGBINGXUEZAZHI》TIDAOYAOZUNXUNYIXUELUNLIJIBENYUANZE,《ZHONGGUOYIMIAOHEMIANYI》JINSHUOMINGLESHEJIRENTISHIYANDELUNWENXUYAOLUNLISHENCHA,《ZHONGHUAYUFANGYIXUEZAZHI》JINSHUOMINGZHUTISHIYIRENWEIYANJIUDUIXIANGDEQIANZHANXINGYANJIUXUYAOZUNXUNLUNLIXUEBIAOZHUN。DANDOUMEIYOUMINGQUETIDAOSHEHUIDIAOCHAXUYAOZUNXUNLUNLIXUEBIAOZHUNYUHUODEZHIQINGTONGYI。


                              3TAOLUNYUJIANYI


                              3.1QIKANYINGJIADASHEHUIDIAOCHALUNLISHENCHADELIDU


                              GAOYUEZHONGTIDAOLUNLISHENCHAWENTIDE3ZHONGQIKANSHEHUIDIAOCHALUNLISHENCHAQINGKUANGJIAOLIXIANG,YINCI,QIKANGAOYUEZHONGKEJIARUSHEHUIDIAOCHALUNLISHENCHADEYAOQIU。CIWAI,QIKANZAIDUIGAOJIANDESHENCHAGUOCHENGZHONGYINGZIXIJIANCHALUNLIXUESHENGMINGSHIFOUWANSHAN,RUOGAOJIANXUYAOLUNLISHENCHAERMEIYOULUNLIXUEDEXIANGGUANMIAOSHU,YINGXIANGZUOZHEHESHISHIFOULOUXIE;RUOGAOJIANZHONGLUNLISHENPIHAOMEIYOUXIEQUAN,YINGDUCUZUOZHEJIANGSHENPIHAOTIANXIEWANZHENG,GUIFANGAOJIANSHEHUIDIAOCHALUNLIDEMIAOSHU,YICITIGAOQIKANZHENGTIDEKEXUEXINGYUYANJINXING。


                              3.2YANJIUZHEYINGZENGQIANGSHEHUIDIAOCHALUNLIYISHI


                              SUIZHEGEZHONGSHUJUKUDEJIANLI,YUELAIYUEDUODEYANJIUZHEZAISHUJUKUZHONGZHIJIETIQUXINXI,YISHENGQULEFANSUODESHUJUSHOUJIGUOCHENG。DANYUCITONGSHI,TUXIANCHUBEIDIAOCHAZHEXINXIYINSIXIELUDEWENTIZHIDEGUANZHU[5]。YI《ZHONGGUOGANRANKONGZHIZAZHI》WEILI,GAIQIKANZHONGYUNYONGLESHEHUIDIAOCHAYANJIUDEGAOJIANYOU170PIAN,QIZHONG85.29%CAIQUDESHIBINGLIDIAOCHAFA(HUIGUXINGYANJIU)。ERCIQIKANHUODELUNLIWEIYUANHUIPIZHUNDELUNWENJIN1PIAN,HUOZHIQINGTONGYISHUDELUNWENBILIJINWEI2.94%。JIUQIYUANYINWEIDADUOSHUZUOZHEDUISHEHUIDIAOCHALUNLISHENCHAFANWEIMOHU,SHEHUIDIAOCHALUNLIYISHIBORUO,RENWEIJINJINSHIDUIHUANZHEGUOQULINCHUANGZILIAODESHOUJIHEHUIGU,BINGBUHUIGANYUHUANZHEDEZHILIAO,SUOYIWUXUJINXINGLUNLISHENGMING。DANSHIZAICIGUOCHENGZHONGCUNZAIXIELUBEIDIAOCHAZHEYINSI、JIBEIDIAOCHAZHEZAOCHENGSHENGLIHUOXINLISHANGHAIDENGFENGXIAN。YINCI,SHEHUIGEJIEYANJIUZHEYINGZENGQIANGSHEHUIDIAOCHALUNLIYISHI,YUNYONGSHEHUIDIAOCHAFANGFAJINXINGYANJIUSHI,ZHIYAOSHEJIRENDEYINSI,DOUYINGZUNXUNLUNLIGUIFAN,QUDEZHIQINGTONGYI、LUNLIWEIYUANHUISHENPI。


                            决战棋牌  3.3LUNLIWEIYUANHUIYINGGUIFANSHEHUIDIAOCHALUNLIYAOQIU,JIAQIANGLUNLISHENCHADEGUOCHENGGUANLI


                            决战棋牌  MUQIAN,WOGUOHAIMEIYOUTICHUZHUANMENZHENDUISHEHUIDIAOCHADELUNLIYAOQIU,JINSHICANZHAOYIXUELUNLIZHUNZE。JINERKENENGHUIDAOZHIGELUNLIWEIYUANZHENDUISHEHUIDIAOCHADELUNLISHENCHABIAOZHUNBUTONGYI、BUGUIFAN。YINCIJIANYIGUOJIAYOUGUANBUMENBANBUGUANYUSHEHUIDIAOCHADELUNLISHENCHABIAOZHUN,YICIGUIFANSHEHUIDIAOCHALUNLIYAOQIU。JIYUSHEHUIDIAOCHADESANDAJIBENYUANZE(ZHIQINGTONGYI、ZUNZHONGYUPINGDENG、ZUNZHONGYINSIYUBAOMI)[6],LUNLISHENCHAYINGCONGDIAOCHAQIANZHIQINGTONGYISHUDENGCAILIAODESHENHE、DIAOCHAZHONGDIAOCHAZHEDEXINGWEIGUIFAN、DIAOCHAHOUXINXIZILIAODEHELISHIYONGJINXINGJIANDU。YINCI,JIANYILUNLIWEIYUANHUIYINGJIAQIANGDUISHEHUIDIAOCHALUNLISHENCHADEGUOCHENGGUANLI,ERBUYINGJINJINTINGLIUZAIDUIDIAOCHAQIANZILIAODESHENCHA。


                            决战棋牌  3.4XIANGGUANGUANLIBUMENYINGJIANLIJIANQUANLUNLIWEIYUANHUIJIANDUTIXI


                              XIANJIEDUANWOGUOHAIMEIYOUZHUANMENDEJIGOUYUWENJIANLAIDUILUNLIWEIYUANHUIJINXINGYOUXIAOJIANGUAN,MEIYOUSHELIZHUANMENJIGOUFUZEJIANDU。YINCI,JIANYIXIANGGUANBUMENKEJIEHEWOGUOGUOQING,JIANLIYIGEZIXIAERSHANGZHUCEHEYOUSHANGERXIADERENZHENGJIANGUANTIXI,KECANZHAOWOGUOGUONEIMUQIANJINGGUOJIARENZHENGRENKEJIANDUPIZHUNDELUNLIWEIYUANHUIRENZHENGBIAOZHUN——“SHEJIRENDESHENGWUYIXUEYANJIULUNLISHENCHATIXIYAOQIU”[7-8]DUILUNLIWEIYUANHUIJINXINGRENZHENG,CONGERCUJINLUNLIWEIYUANHUIZHENGTITIXIDEJIANLIHEWANSHAN。


                              4JUXIANXING


                            决战棋牌  BENYANJIUZAITONGJIDEGUOCHENGZHONGCUNZAIYIDINGDEBUZU:SHOUXIAN,BENYANJIUDUISHIYONGSHEHUIDIAOCHAFANGFADEGAOJIANZAISHUJUKUZHONGJINXINGLECHUSHAI,DUIYUNYONGLESHEHUIXUEDIAOCHAFANGFADANMEIYOUZAIZHAIYAOZHONGSHUOMINGDEGAOJIANKENENGCUNZAIYILOUDEQINGKUANG。QICI,BENYANJIUDUIGAOJIANDEZHIQINGTONGYISHUYULUNLIWEIYUANHUIPIZHUNDEPANDUANJINYIWENZHONGDEMIAOSHUWEIZHUN,DUIYUYOUJINXINGLUNLISHENCHADANMEIYOUZAIWENZHONGSHUOMINGDEYANJIUKENENGCUNZAIYILOUQINGKUANG。JINGUANCUNZAIYISHANGDEWENTI,DANYANJIUJIEGUOHAISHINENGYIDINGCHENGDUDIFANYINGCHUSHEHUIDIAOCHALUNLISHENCHACUNZAIDEWENTI,XIWANGJIECIYINQIXIANGGUANRENYUANDEZHONGSHI。

                            转载请注明来源。原文地址:http://gxkelong.com/html/Medicine/zhongyi/20191115/8216297.html   

                            我国医学期刊社会调查稿件的伦理审查状况分析——以预防医学与卫相关推荐


                            联系方式
                            微信号 byLw8com
                            热点论文
                            工作日:8:00-24:00
                            周 日:9:00-24:00

                            打鱼棋牌游戏---首页_欢迎您 金胜棋牌---首页_欢迎您 两张棋牌---HOME_Welcome 富春棋牌---首页_欢迎您 英生棋牌---首页_欢迎您