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                        2. 石油化工设备高效运行中点检保养维修的运用

                          摘 要: 本文结合某石油化工集团有限公司设备管理工作实际情况,从机动部日常管理设备作为出发点,探讨公司在设备运行维护、日常点检、设备维修、保养维护、成本控制等几方面进行探讨,做好日常节能降耗工作的同时,降低运行成本,提高公司的经济效益。 关键词: 设备
                          阅读技巧Ctrl+D 收藏本篇文章

                            摘 要:决战棋牌 本文结合某石油化工集团有限公司设备管理工作实际情况,从机动部日常管理设备作为出发点,探讨公司在设备运行维护、日常点检、设备维修、保养维护、成本控制等几方面进行探讨,做好日常节能降耗工作的同时,降低运行成本,提高公司的经济效益。

                            关键词: 设备管理; 故障频率; 设备检制; 保养维护;

                          决战棋牌   DIANJIAN,JIUSHIANZHAOSHEDINGDEBIAOZHUN、GUDINGZHOUQI、DUISHEBEIZHONGDIANBUWEIJINXINGJIANCHA,BIANYUJISHIFAXIANSHEBEICUNZAIDEGUZHANGYINHUAN,JINKUAIJIANXIUBAOYANGWEIHU,SHIJIDIANSHEBEIANQUANGAOXIAOYUNXINGDEYIZHONGSHEBEIGUANLIFANGFA。TEBIEXUYAOZHICHUDESHI,SHEBEIDIANJIANGONGZUOFABUJINSHIYIZHONGRICHANGJIANCHADEFANGFA,ERQIEHAISHIYITAOKECAOZUOXINGBIJIAOQIANGDEGUANLIZHIDU。JIDIANSHEBEIGUANLISHIYIGEQIYEBAOCHIZHENGCHANGSHENGCHANJINGYINGHUODONGZHONGDEZHONGYAOHUANJIE。

                          决战棋牌   MOUSHIYOUHUAGONGJITUANYOUXIANGONGSINENGGUANZHONGXINZUOWEIQUANCHANGWEICHIZHENGCHANGSHENGCHAN、ZHIGONGGONGZUO、YUANGONGSHENGHUOTIGONGSHUIYUAN、DIANNENG、QINENGDEHOUQINBAOZHANGBUMEN。NENGGUANZHONGXINJIDIANSHEBEIXINGNENGDUOZHONGDUOYANG,QIFENBUYESHIDIANDUOMIANGUANG。GAISHIHUANENGGUANZHONGXINDESHEBEIGUANLIGONGZUODANFUZHEZHENGGEQIYEDEANQUANGAOXIAOYUNXING,TADEFAZHANBANSUIZHEGAISHIHUADEBUDUANCHUANGXINHEYOUHUAERFAZHAN,CONGJICHUDEGUANLIFANGSHIZHUJIANJINRUKEXUEDEXIANDAIHUAGUANLIFANGSHI。

                            1 、建立设备管理体系是基础

                            GAISHIHUAGONGSIZUOWEIGUONEIYIJIAXIANDAIHUASHIYOUHUAGONGQIYE,WEIQUEBAOQIYEDEANQUANSHENGCHAN,JIDIANYUNZHUANSHEBEIGUANLISHIGUANLIDEHEXIN。YINCI,ZAIQIYEDESHENGCHANJINGYINGHUODONGZHONG,SHEBEIGUANLITIXIDEJIANLISHIWEIQIYETIGONGYOUZHIGUANLIDEZHIDUBAOZHANG,SHIDEQIYEDEJINGYINGSHENGCHANHUODONGJIANLIZAIZUIJIADEJISHUZHISHANG,YIQUEBAOQIYETIGAOCHANPINZHILIANG,TIGAOSHENGCHANXIAOLV。

                            NENGGUANZHONGXINGEYUNXINGCHEJIANSHEBEIDIANDUOMIANGUANG,ZHONGLEIFANDUO,ANZHAORICHANGSHENGCHANHECHANPINDESHEJI、JIAGONGDENGQUANGUOCHENGJIEHEQILAI,XINGCHENGYIXILIEGUANLIZHIDU,JIADASHEBEIGUANLI,TIGAOSHEBEIYUNZHUANXIAOLV,JIANGDISHEBEINENGHAO,JIANSHAOWEIHUBAOYANG。ZAIJIANLIJIANQUANZHIDUDETONGSHI,ZHUBUWANSHANSHEBEIDANGAN、SHEBEITAIZHANG、BEIPINPEIJIANDENG,ANZHAOPDCAXUNHUAN,JISHIJINXINGXIUDING、WANSHANHEYOUHUA,SHIXIANDONGTAIDABIAO。

                            2 、点检保养维修为设备安全高效运行提供保障

                            2.1 、实行点检定修,界定职责范围

                            点检定修是一套加以制度化的、比较完善的科学的设备管理方法,它是以点检作为管理的核心,全体职工参与的管理体系,有助于增强设备运转的可靠性、高效性、稳定性、连续性,避免故障经常发生。在点检定修中,参与点检的人员承担着机电设备管理的主体责任,一方面负责设备点检工作,另一方面又担负着设备管理的全过程,其中点检员是核心管理者。点检定修制的优点具有科学性:精细分工,清晰职责。该石化能管中心车间在运用点检定修制进行设备管理时,不断加强管理资料内业方面的管理,同时注重与时俱进,明确点检定修中各方职责,细化流程,分工具体,及时发现运行设备存在的隐患,为设备维护保养处理提供可靠的数据。

                          石油化工设备高效运行中点检保养维修的运用

                            2.2、 设备故障诊断技术,实行超前维修

                            SHEBEIGUZHANGZHENDUANJISHU,JIUSHIZAISHEBEIYUNXINGDETONGSHIZAIXIANJINXINGZHANGWO、PANDUANGUZHANGYUANYINJIDATIWEIZHI,HUOZHESHIZAIBUCHAIQUEZHUTISHEBEI,BUYINGXIANGZHUJIYUNXINGDEQINGKUANGXIA,YENENGDADAOPANDUANGUZHANGYUANYINJIDATIWEIZHI,CHAOQIANYUCE、CHAOQIANYUBAOJIJIANGCUNZAIDEZHUANGTAIDEYIZHONGJISHU。NENGGUANZHONGXINSHEBEIGUZHANGZHENDUANJISHUDECAIYONGDESHIFENLEIBIJIAO、ZHUANGTAIQUEREN、GUZHANGQINGKUANGFAZHANQUSHI、YUBAOJUECEDELIUCHENG,TONGGUOYUSHEBEISHENGCHANCHANGJIAYANFA,DINGQIPINQINGCHANGJIAJISHURENYUANLAIXIANCHANGJINXINGZHIDAO,QUANMIANJIANCE、ZHENDUAN、FENXISHEBEICUNZAIDEWENTI、GUZHANGYUANYINJICHULIDEYINGDUICUOSHI;TONGGUOZHENDUANYIQIDINGQISHISHIJINGMIZHENDUAN,BIRUZHENDONGJIANCE、WENDUJIANCE、ZHOUCHENGTANSHANGDENGJINXINGCHAOQIANXINGWEIXIUGENGHUAN,JIANGSHEBEIYINHUANXIAOMIEZAIMENGYAZHUANGTAI,YIQIWEICHISHEBEIDEZHENGCHANGLIANXUYUNXING,JIANSHAONENGYUANXIAOFEI,JIANGDIYUNXINGCHENGBEN,TIGAOJINGJIXIAOYI。

                            2.3、 实行定期维护保养,降低设备故障频率

                            JIDIANSHEBEIRICHANGWEIXIUBAOYANGDEQINGKUANG,ZHIJIEYINGXIANGDAONENGGUANZHONGXINSHEBEIDEWEIXIUPINLV。DUISHEBEIDINGQIJINXINGDINGQIWEIHUBAOYANGSHIHENZHONGYAODEYIXIANGGONGZUO,NENGGUANZHONGXINGENJUSHEBEIFENBU、ZHONGLEI,JIEHEGEZHONGYONGNENGSHEBEIDEXINGNENG,JIANLIXIANGXIDEJIANXIUZHIDU,BIANZHIJIANXIUJIHUA,ZUOHAOJIANXIUJILU,BINGANDIANJIANDINGXIUZHIDUYANGEZHIXING。

                            2.3.1、 维修保养制度

                          决战棋牌   JIANLIJIANQUANWEIXIUBAOYANGZHIDU,ZHIDINGXIANGXIDERUNHUAGUANLIZHIDU、ZHENDONGJIANCEZHIDU、WENDUJIANCEZHIDUDENG,QUEBAOGANGWEIZHIGONGGONGZUOMINGQUE,TIGAOKECAOZUOXING,TONGSHIDUIGANGWEIZHIGONGDEZISHENCHENGZHANGYEYOUYIDINGDECUJIN。

                            2.3.2、 检修记录

                            GENJUJIDIANSHEBEIDEXINGNENG,XINGCHENGDINGQIBAOYANGHEBUDINGQIBAOYANG,GUANLIRENYUANBUDINGQICHOUCHA。ANZHAOBUTONGDEWEIBAOZHOUQI,DINGSHIZUOHAOWEIHUBAOYANGZHEIXIANGGONGZUO,BINGXINGCHENGJILU。

                            2.3.3 、维护保养计划

                          决战棋牌   ZHIDINGXIANGXIDEWEIHUBAOYANGJIHUA,YUWEIHUBAOYANGJILUYIYIDUIYING,ZHUYAOBAOKUORIBAOYANG、ZHOUBAOYANG、YUEBAOYANG、JIBAOYANG、BANNIANBAOYANGHENIANDUBAOYANGJIHUA。

                            2.3.4 、维护保养组织验收

                          决战棋牌   DINGQIYOUYANSHOURENYUANZUZHIGEYEWUBUMENJINXINGYANSHOU,RICHANGYANG、ZHOUBAOYANGYOUBANZUZHANGZIXINGCHUYAN,RANHOUBAOQINGZHUGUANBUMEN,YUEBAOYANG、JIDUBAOYANG、BANNIANBAOYANGJINIANDUBAOYANGYOUFENGUANZHINENGBUFENZUZHIYANSHOU。FAXIANBAOYANGBUGUIFAN,JINXINGFANGONG,ZAIZUZHIFUCHA,YANSHOUHEGEZHIHOUJINXINGQIANZIQUEREN。

                            3、 降低设备维护成本是增效创收的有效方法

                            3.1、 加强设备预知管理,降低设备运行成本

                            SHEBEIDEYUZHIGUANLIJIUSHIDUISHEBEIHAIWEITOURUSHIYONGDEYUXIANGUIHUAGUANLI,ZHUYAOSHIZHISHEBEIXUANXING、GONGYISHEJI、GONGZUOLIUCHENGDENGFANGMIANDEGUANLI,DUITOURUSHIYONGHOUYUNXINGCHENGBENKONGZHI、WEIXIUFEIYONGCHENGBENKONGZHIQIZHEJUEDINGZUOYONG。SHOUXIAN,SHEBEISHEJIHELI、XUANXINGKEXUE、YUNXINGJINGJIGUANJIAN,ZAIYITIHUALUNZHENGSHIYAOCHONGFENJISUANDAOSHEBEITOURUYUNXINGDEKEKAOXING、ANQUANXING、WENDINGXING、JINGJIXINGDENGFANGMIAN,YOUYAOCHONGFENKAOLVDAOJUTIGONGZUOHUANJINGYINSU。QICI,SHEBEIXUANXINGFUHESHIJIDEZIJINJIHUATOURUYOULIYUJIANSHAOSHEBEIDETOURUCHENGBEN,BUKEDANCHUNMANGMUJIANGDISHEBEITOUZI,YINGCONGSHEBEISHIYONGSHOUMING、ANQUANXINGNENGDENGDUOFANGMIANZONGHEKAOLV,JIANGBENZENGXIAO。

                            3.2、 降低设备停机时间,提高设备综合指标

                          决战棋牌   ZAISHEBEIYUNXINGRICHANGGUANLIZHONG,ZUIDAXIANDUDIJIANSHAOSHEBEIGUZHANGTINGJIYINGXIANG,SHIJIANGDICHENGBENDEZUIYOUXIAOSHOUDUAN,XUYAOYUNYONGKEXUETONGCHOUGUANLI,WEIRAOCHUANGXIAOZENGSHOUZHEIYIJIBENDIAN,CHONGFENKAOLVCHENGBENTOURUHESHOUYI,SUOYIYAOBUDUANYOUHUAHEWANSHANSHEBEIWEIXIUBAOYANGZHIDU,JIEYUEWEIXIUCHENGBEN,JIANSHAOTINGJIGUZHANGYINGXIANG,TIGAOQIYEJINGJIXIAOYI。

                            3.3 、实施预算管理控制设备成本

                            SHISHIQUANMIANYUSUANGUANLIZHIDAOCHENGBENKONGZHI,TONGGUOQIANQIDIAOYANYUKEXUETONGCHOUFENXI,JIANGQUANMIANYUSUANJIHUANARUSHEBEIGUANLIZHONG,FENJIEZHIBIAO、CENGCENGBAGUAN,YOUXIAODIJIANGFEIYONGKONGZHIZAIYUSUANFANWEINEI,YIJIANDICHENGBEN。

                            3.4 、加强企业设备管理创新实现设备资产优化增值

                            随着科学技术的飞速发展,各个行业都在积极引进新技术新科工艺,提高科技装备投入,进一步提高市场竞争力,机电设备结构日益复杂化,同时,监测的工作量也越来越大,越来越繁琐,要求也越来越高。设备故障仅仅依靠旧的管理手段和人的经验很难再检测出来,所以必须用先进的设备和科学的方法进行检查和诊断,现代化的企业必须要跟上科学技术发展的脚步,应用计算机对设备进行辅助管理,对设备信息建立相应的数据库,对数据进行分析、归类、总结,实现资源的信息共享,进一步提高员工的工作效率,管理者及时掌握设备的运转情况。

                            4 、结语

                          决战棋牌   JIDIANSHEBEIGUANLISHIQIYEJINXINGANQUANSHENGCHANDEJICHU,XUYAOGEFANGMIANRENYUANDEQUANMIANCANYU、JIJIPEIHE,ZAIXIANDAIHUASHENGCHANZHONGDEZUOYONGHEDIWEIYUELAIYUEGAO,YAORENSHIDAOJIXIESHEBEIGUANLIGONGZUOWULUNZAIRENHEQINGKUANGXIA,ZUOWEIYIXIANGZONGHEXINGYINGYONGKETI,DOUYAOYITIGAOSHEBEIWANHAOLV、BAOZHENGSHEBEIWENDINGYUNXINGWEIMUDE,WULUNZAILILUNZHIDAO,HAISHIZAISHIJIYINGYONGDOUYAOJINJINZHUAZHUGAOHAOSHEBEIXIANCHANGGUANLI、QIANGHUAWEIXIUBAOYANGZHEIXIANGZHONGXINGONGZUO,BUDUANTIGAOSHEBEIGUANLISHUIPING,TIGAOZHENGGAIQIYEDEANQUAN、JINGJIHESHEHUIXIAOYI。

                            参考文献

                            [1] 杨宏伟.试论石油化工企业设备运行可靠性管理[J].化学工程与装备,2010.8.
                            [2] 李连成.石油化工设备维护与企业现场管理[J].化工管理,2008.9.
                            [3] 付维新.新形势下加强石油企业设备管理工作的几点思考[J].才智,2009.11.
                            [4] 陈仲波.如何提高石油化工企业设备运行可靠性[J].化学工程与装备,2011.3.
                          决战棋牌   [5] 黄方礼.化工设备管理中关于现代管理技术的应用探析[J].化工管理,2009.11.

                            刘林,朱海平,栾玉恒,王武凤.石油化工设备管理点检应用研究[J].中国设备工程,2020(03):24-25. 转载请注明来源。原文地址:http://gxkelong.com/html/commerce/20200314/8281861.html   

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