决战棋牌

          <dfn id='kei61'><optgroup id='kei61'></optgroup></dfn><tfoot id='kei61'><bdo id='kei61'><div id='kei61'></div><i id='kei61'><dt id='kei61'></dt></i></bdo></tfoot>

          <ul id='kei61'></ul>

            1. <form id='xtkle'></form>
                <bdo id='xtkle'><sup id='xtkle'><div id='xtkle'><bdo id='xtkle'></bdo></div></sup></bdo>

                    1. <form id='n3mmm'></form>
                        <bdo id='n3mmm'><sup id='n3mmm'><div id='n3mmm'><bdo id='n3mmm'></bdo></div></sup></bdo>

                          • 欧盟版权法下的文本与数据挖掘研究

                            摘要: 近期通过的《数字化单一市场版权指令》第3、4条对TDM的版权例外作出规定。欧盟TDM例外的成因在于提高TDM技术应用率,充分发挥其对科学研究的作用,而欧盟现行法律对TDM缺乏明确的适用边界,未经许可实施TDM存在很大的法律风险。《数字化单一市场版权指令》区分
                            阅读技巧Ctrl+D 收藏本篇文章

                              摘要:近期通过的《数字化单一市场版权指令》第3、4条对TDM的版权例外作出规定。欧盟TDM例外的成因在于提高TDM技术应用率,充分发挥其对科学研究的作用,而欧盟现行法律对TDM缺乏明确的适用边界,未经许可实施TDM存在很大的法律风险。《数字化单一市场版权指令》区分了“科研目的下的TDM例外”与“分析处理层面的TDM例外”。欧盟TDM例外的适用要件包括来源合法和安全保存措施。文章探析欧盟TDM例外的成因、适用分类和适用条件,分析其立法经验和借鉴意义。

                              关键词:欧盟版权法,TDM例外,科学研究,数字化单一市场版权指令

                            版权法论文

                            决战棋牌   WENBENYUSHUJUWAJUE(text and data mining,TDM)SHITONGGUOFENXISHUZIHUAXINGSHIDEWENBENHESHUJULAIHUOQUXINZHISHIDEZIDONGFENXIJISHU。SUIZHESHUZIJINGJITUIJIN,TDMJISHUDUIKEXUECHUANGXINDEZUOYONGRIYISHOUDAOZHONGSHI,DANFALVDINGXINGDEBUMINGQUESHITDMJISHUDEFAZHANSHOUDAOYIDINGZUAI,YINCIJIXULIFAGAIGE。OUZHOUYIHUIHEOUMENGLISHIHUIFENBIEYU2019NIAN3YUE26RIYU4YUE15RIPIZHUNLE《SHUZIHUADANYISHICHANGBANQUANZHILING》[1](YIXIAJIANCHENG《2019BANQUANZHILING》),GAIZHILINGDEMUBIAOZHIYIZAIYUSHIBANQUANFADELIWAIYUXIANZHIYINGHEYUSHUZISHICHANGDEFAZHAN,QIZHONGDI3、4TIAODUITDMDEBANQUANLIWAIZUOCHULEGUIDING,OUMENGGECHENGYUANGUODEGUONEIFAJIANGZAILIANGNIANDESHIJIANNEIJIANLIFUHE《2019BANQUANZHILING》YAOQIUDETDMLIWAI。BENWENTANXIOUMENGBANQUANLIFAXIATDMLIWAIDECHENGYIN、SHIYONGFENLEIHESHIYONGTIAOJIAN,JIQUQIZHONGDELIFAJINGYANHEJIEJIANYIYI,BINGDUIWOGUOGUANYUTDMLIWAIDELIFAGOUJIANTICHUJIANYI。

                              1 欧盟TDM例外的成因

                            决战棋牌   1.1 XIANSHICHENGYIN

                              TDMDUIZIRANKEXUE、SHEHUIKEXUEHERENWENKEXUEYANJIUJUYOUZHONGYAOZUOYONG。DIYI,TDMKEYITIGAOYANJIUDEXIAOLV,BANGZHUYANJIUZHEJIEYUESHIJIANCHENGBEN,CONGERGENGKUAIDIHUOQUXIANGGUANXINXI。DIER,TDMKEYIJIESUOYINZANGDEXINXI,JIZAIDALIANGWENXIANZHONGFAXIANBUTONGZHUTIZHIJIANDEQIANZAILIANXI。LIRU,JIBINGHEJUYOUQITAZHILIAOGONGXIAODEYAOWUZHIJIANCUNZAILIANXI,SHALIDUAN(thalidomide)JUYOUXINDEZHILIAOGONGNENGZESHITONGGUOTDMBEIFAXIANDE[2]。DISAN,TDMKEYIGAIJINYANJIUFANGFAHEZHILIANG,TEBIESHIRENWENSHEHUIKEXUEZHONGCAIYONGSHIZHENGYANJIUDEFANGFA。

                              欧盟TDM例外的引入是为了提高TDM技术的应用率,充分发挥其对于科学研究的作用。当前,欧盟的TDM技术仍处于起步阶段,其普及率总体偏低并且发展较为缓慢。有调查显示,欧盟关于TDM的期刊出版物在全球的占比仅28.2%,而亚洲占比达32.4%,北美占比20.9%[3]。欧洲仅有不足20%的研究者曾使用TDM技术进行研究,而全球占比24%。然而,TDM的应用率没有紧密跟上数字技术进步的步伐,TDM被应用于科学研究的技术条件日臻成熟。网络上已经提供将近所有的科技期刊,每年出版约250万篇科技文章[4]。全球的科技期刊总量以每年8%~9%的速度增长[5]。欧盟科研机构图书馆收藏的刊物中,90%以上是数字内容构成的。例如,伦敦大学收藏的94%的期刊和24%的报纸是数字版的,斯德哥尔摩大学的79%预算用于数字内容的建设[6]107。

                              ZAIQUEFATDMLIWAIDEQINGKUANGXIA,KEYANJIGOUSHISHITDMKENENGXUYAOBANQUANRENDEXUKE,ZHEIBIANDAILAIGAOANGDEJIAOYICHENGBEN。YINGGUOZAIYINRUTDMLIWAIQIANCENGJINXINGDEANLIDIAOYANXIANSHI:YIGEKEYANXIANGMUXUYAOWAJUECHUBANYU187GEQIKAN(LAIZI75GECHUBANZHE)DE3,000PIANWENZHANG,QIXUKECHENGBENZAI3,399YINGBANGDAO18,630YINGBANGZHIJIAN,YIGEDAXINGDEKEYANJIGOUMEINIANXUHUAFEIYUE50WANYINGBANGDEXUKECHENGBEN[6]114。

                              1.2 ZHIDUCHENGYIN

                              SUIRANTDMDEXIANSHIXUQIUBUDUANKUODA,DANOUMENGDEXIANXINGBANQUANFADUITDMQUEFAMINGQUEDESHIYONGBIANJIE,WEIJINGXUKESHISHITDMCUNZAIHENDADEBANQUANQINQUANFENGXIAN。ZHEIZHONGBUQUEDINGXINGSHITDMSHISHIZHECHENGDANJIAODADEJIAOYICHENGBEN,DAOZHITDMJISHUZAIOUMENGDEYINGYONGNANYIKUAISUFAZHAN,JINERYINGXIANGKEXUEYANJIUDEXIAOLVHEZHILIANG。TDMLIWAIDEYINRUZHIZAIXIAOCHUOUMENGZHANGQIDUIYUTDMFALVDINGXINGDE“MOHUDIDAI”,SHIGECHENGYUANGUOBUTONGCHENGDUDIKUOZHANGBINGTONGYIBANQUANLIWAIZHIDUDUIYUTDMDESHIYONGKONGJIAN。

                              DANGSUOWAJUEDEWENBENYUSHUJUBAOHANJUYOUBANQUANDEZUOPINSHI,TDMJISHUDEYINGYONGGUOCHENGZHONGBIRANCUNZAIZUOPINDEFUZHI,QIFUHEBANQUANFASUOKONGZHIDEFUZHIXINGWEI,CONGERKENENGSHEXIANQINFANFUZHIQUAN。OUMENG《2001NIANBANQUANZHILING》(Directive 2001/29/EC)DI2TIAOGUIDINGLEFUZHIQUAN,QIDUIYUFUZHIQUANSUOKONGZHIDEXINGWEIJIYUGUANGFANQUANMIANDENEIHAN:“YIRENHEFANGSHIHUOXINGSHI,ZHENGTIHUOBUFENDISHISHIZHIJIEHUOJIANJIEDE、LINSHIHUOYONGJIUDEFUZHIXINGWEI”。《2001NIANBANQUANZHILING》DI5TIAOGUIDINGLEBANQUANDELIWAIYUXIANZHI,DANTDMGUOCHENGZHONGDEZUOPINFUZHIXINGWEIZAIXUDUOQINGKUANGXIASIHUNANYIFUHELIWAIYUXIANZHIDETIAOJIAN。TDMKENENGSHEJIDI5TIAODI1KUANGUIDINGDELINSHIFUZHILIWAI,GAIGUIDINGSHUYUQIANGZHIXINGBANQUANLIWAITIAOKUAN,JIOUMENGCHENGYUANGUOBIXUZAIQIGUONEIBANQUANFAZHONGGUIDINGGAIBANQUANLIWAI。GAILINSHIFUZHILIWAIDETIAOJIAN:(1)DUANZANHUOFUDAIDE;(2)JISHUGUOCHENGSUOBIYAOQIEBUKEFENGEDEZUCHENGBUFEN;(3)WEIYIMUDEZAIYUWANGLUOZHONGZHONGJIANFUWUSHANGZAIDISANFANGZHIJIANCHUANSHUHUOHEFASHIYONG;(4)MEIYOUDULIDEJINGJIJIAZHI。DANTDMGUOCHENGZHONGDELINSHIFUZHIXINGWEIDADUONANYIFUHESHANGSHUYAOQIU[7]。TDMHAIKENENGSHEJI《2001NIANBANQUANZHILING》DI5TIAODI2KUAN(b)XIANGHEDI3KUAN(a)XIANGGUIDINGDESIRENSHIYONGLIWAIHEKEXUEYANJIULIWAI。GAILIANGXIANGBANQUANLIWAIDEGUIDINGJUNYI“FEISHANGYEXINGMUDE”ZUOWEISHIYONGTIAOJIAN,DANTDMDESHISHIDADUOSHUNANYIFUHEGAIYAOQIU。ERQIE,ZHEILIANGXIANGBANQUANLIWAISHUYUZIYUANXINGBANQUANLIWAITIAOKUANDEFANCHOU,GEOUMENGCHENGYUANGUODEGUONEIFAKENENGDUICICUNZAIJIAODADECHAYI,QIDUIYUTDMDESHIYONGGENGJIAJUYOUHENDADEBUQUEDINGXING。

                              DANGSUOWAJUEDEWENBENYUSHUJUBUCUNZAIJUYOUBANQUANDEZUOPIN,QIRENGKENENGSHOUDAOSHUJUKUQUAN(sui generis right)DEBAOHU,TDMDESHISHIZEMIANLINQINFANXIEQUQUAN(extraction right)DEFENGXIAN。OUMENG《1996NIANSHUJUKUBAOHUZHILING》(Directive 1996/9/EC)DI7TIAODI2KUAN(a)XIANGGUIDINGLEXIEQUQUANKONGZHIDEXINGWEI,JI“YIRENHEFANGSHIHUOXINGSHI,YONGJIUHUOLINSHIDIJIANGSHUJUKUNEIRONGDEQUANBUHUOSHIZHIXINGBUFENZHUANYIZHILINGYIZAITI”。YU《2001NIANBANQUANZHILING》LEISI,《1996NIANSHUJUKUBAOHUZHILING》DI9TIAOGUIDINGLESHUJUKUQUANDELIWAI,QI(a)XIANGHE(b)XIANGGUIDINGDESIRENSHIYONGLIWAIHEKEXUEYANJIULIWAISHUYUZIYUANXINGQUANLILIWAITIAOKUAN,CUNZAI“FEISHANGYEXINGMUDE”YAOJIAN,YINCIYENANYIMINGQUEWEIDADUOSHUDETDMTIGONG“BIHU”。

                              JINNIANLAI,OUZHOUYIXIEGUOJIAFENFENZAIGUONEILIFAZHONGZENGJIATDMLIWAI,DANGEGUOTDMLIWAIDESHIYONGTIAOJIANHEFANWEICANCHABUQI,GAIFENLIEHUA(fragmentation)WENTICUSHIOUMENGCENGMIANYINRUTONGYIDETDMLIWAIYIWANSHANSHUZIHUADANYISHICHANGDEHEXIE。2014NIAN5YUE19RI,YINGGUOSHOUXIANCAINALETDMLIWAI,《1988NIANBANQUAN、SHEJIHEZHUANLIFA》DI29ATIAOGUIDING,YOUHEFAJIECHUQUANDERENJINJINWEILEFEISHANGYEXINGDEYANJIUERZHIZUOWENBENYUSHUJUDEFUZHIJIANBUQINFANBANQUAN。2016NIAN10YUE7RI,FAGUOYECAINALEXIANYUHEFALAIYUANQIEFEISHANGYEXINGYANJIUMUDEXIADETDMLIWAI,《FAGUOZHISHICHANQUANFADIAN》DIL122-5TIAOHEDIL342-3TIAOFENBIEJIARULEZHENDUIZUOPINZHEZUOQUANHESHUJUKUQUANDETDMLIWAI,QISUOSHIYONGDEWENBENYUSHUJUJINXIANYUKEXUEXIANGGUANDEWENXIAN。2017NIAN1YUE1RI,AISHANIYADETDMLIWAIKAISHISHENGXIAO,《AISHANIYAZHEZUOQUANFA》DI19TIAODI3KUANGUIDINGDETDMLIWAIBINGBUYILAIYUANHEFAWEITIAOJIAN,DANYAOQIUSHIYONGRENJINKENENGZHUMINGZUOPINDEZUOZHEHELAIYUAN。DEGUODETDMLIWAIZAI2017NIAN6YUE30RIHUODETONGGUO,BINGYU2018NIAN3YUE1RISHENGXIAO,《DEGUOZHEZUOQUANYULINJIEQUANFA》DI60dTIAOGUIDINGDETDMLIWAIYEBUCUNZAILAIYUANHEFAYAOJIAN,QIEQISUOZHENDUIDESHUJUSHIYONGXINGWEIBUXIANYUFUZHI,HAIBAOKUOLIANGZHONGTEDINGDECHUANBOXINGWEI:(1)WEILEHEZUOJINXINGKEXUEYANJIUERCHUANBOZHITEDINGQUNTI;(2)WEILEJIANDUKEXUEYANJIUDEZHILIANGERCHUANBOZHIDANDUDISANFANG。

                              2 欧盟TDM例外的适用分类

                              2.1 CONG《TIAN》DAO《2019BANQUANZHILING》DEBIANHUA:XINDETDMLIWAI

                              OUMENGWEIYUANHUIZAI2016NIANFABUDE《SHUZIHUADANYISHICHANGBANQUANZHILING(TIAN)》(YIXIAJIANCHENG《TIAN》)DI3TIAOGUIDINGLE“KEYANMUDEXIADETDMLIWAI”,JIDUIZUOPINHUOQITAKETIXIANGYOUHEFAJIECHUQUANDEKEYANJIGOUZAIKEXUEYANJIUDEMUDEXIAWEILEZHIXINGTDMERSHISHIFUZHIHEXIEQUXINGWEIBUQINFANBANQUANHUOSHUJUKUQUAN。ZUIZHONGSHENGXIAODE《2019BANQUANZHILING》DATISHANGBAOLIULEDI3TIAODEGUIDING,DANZENGJIALEXINDETDMLIWAI(DI4TIAO),JIDUIZUOPINHUOQITAKETIXIANGYOUHEFAJIECHUQUANDERENZAITDMMUDEXIASHISHIFUZHIHEXIEQUXINGWEIBUQINFANBANQUANHUOSHUJUKUQUAN,BIZHECHENGZHIWEI“FENXICHULICENGMIANDETDMLIWAI”。LIANGZHONGTDMLIWAIDOUSHUYUQIANGZHIXINGQUANLILIWAITIAOKUAN。

                            决战棋牌   “KEYANMUDEXIADETDMLIWAI”YU“FENXICHULICENGMIANDETDMLIWAI”SUOSHIYONGDEXINGWEIFANWEISHIBUTONGDE,FOUZE《2019BANQUANZHILING》DI4TIAOXIANRANHUIJIAKONGDI3TIAODEGUIDING。“KEYANMUDEXIADETDMLIWAI”ZHUYAOZHENDUISHISHITDMZHIQIANDEFUZHIXINGWEI,ER“FENXICHULICENGMIANDETDMLIWAI”JINZHENDUISHISHITDMGUOCHENGZHONGDELINSHIFUZHIXINGWEI。TDMGUOCHENGTONGCHANGCUNZAI3GEBUZHOU:BUZHOUYISHINEIRONGDEJIECHU,BAOKUOZHIZHIFUZHIJIANHUOSHUZIHUANEIRONGDEHUOQU;BUZHOUERSHIXIEQUNEIRONGERXINGCHENGKEWAJUEDEFUZHIJIAN(JIANGNEIRONGDIAOZHENGDAOSHIDANGDESHUZIHUAGESHIBINGCUNRUSHUJUKU);BUZHOUSANSHISHUJUWAJUEBENSHEN,JIDUISHUJUJINXINGFENXICHULI,GAIGUOCHENGZHUYAOCUNZAINEIRONGDELINSHIFUZHIXINGWEI。“KEYANMUDEXIADETDMLIWAI”ZHENDUIYISHANGGUOCHENGZHONGSUOYOUFUZHIXINGWEI,TEBIESHIBUZHOUERZHONGDEFUZHIXINGWEI;ER“FENXICHULICENGMIANDETDMLIWAI”JINZHENDUIBUZHOUSANDEXINGWEI,ZHUYAOSHIZHIBUFUHE《2001NIANBANQUANZHILING》DI5TIAODI1KUANLIWAITIAOJIANDELINSHIFUZHIXINGWEI。ZHEISHIYINWEIFUHE《2001NIANBANQUANZHILING》DI5TIAODI1KUANLIWAITIAOJIANDELINSHIFUZHIXINGWEIYIJINGSHOUDAOGAIZHILINGDEBAOHU;ERBUZHOUSANZHONGMEIYOUFUHE《2001NIANBANQUANZHILING》LIWAITIAOJIANDELINSHIFUZHIXINGWEICUNZAIHENDADEBANQUANQINQUANFENGXIAN。《2019BANQUANZHILING》XUYANDI18DUANDI3JUMINGQUELEGUIDING“FENXICHULICENGMIANDETDMLIWAI”DEYUANYIN,BINGDUIQISHIYONGYUBUZHOUSANDEXINGWEIYUYIYINZHENG:ZAITDMMUDEXIADUIYUHEFAHUODEDEZUOPINHUOQITAKETISHISHIFUZHIHEXIEQU,TDMDESHIYONGZHEMIANLINFALVSHANGDEBUQUEDINGXING,YOUQISHIWEILEJISHUCHULIERSHISHIDEFUZHIHUOXIEQUMEIYOUFUHE《2001NIANBANQUANZHILING》DI5TIAODI1KUANGUIDINGDELINSHIFUZHILIWAIDESUOYOUTIAOJIAN。

                              KEJIAN,“KEYANMUDEXIADETDMLIWAI”YU“FENXICHULICENGMIANDETDMLIWAI”SHIBINGXINGDULIDEGUANXI。QIANZHESHIYONGYUKEYANMUDEXIASHISHITDMGUOCHENGZHONGDESUOYOUXINGWEI,ERHOUZHESHIYONGYUKEYANMUDEYIWAIDETDMGUOCHENGZHONGFENXICHULISHUJUDEXINGWEI(LINSHIFUZHIDEXINGWEI)。

                              此外,权利人原则上不能通过合同条款来规避TDM例外。任何规避“科研目的下的TDM例外”的合同条款均是无效的,《2019版权指令》第7条第1款对此予以规定。然而,“分析处理层面的TDM例外”有所不同,《2019版权指令》第4条第3款允许权利人通过合适的方式予以明确保留,如在网上公开提供内容的情况下采取机器可读手段(machine readable means)。

                              2.2《2019BANQUANZHILING》DUITDMLIWAICAIQUSHIYONGFENLEIDEYUANYIN

                              《2019版权指令》第3条规定的“科研目的下的TDM例外”具有目的和主体的限制,其适用主体仅限于作为公共主体的科研机构和文化遗产机构,而非以盈利为主要目的的私营主体。《2019版权指令》第2条对于“科研机构”和“文化遗产机构”作出专门的定义。《2019版权指令》中的“科研机构”是指大学(包括其图书馆)、研究院或其他主体,其目的主要在于实施科学研究或实施涉及科学研究的教学性活动。“科研机构”的目的需符合两种情形之一:其一是非盈利性质或所有的盈利会再次投入到科学研究,其二是遵守成员国所认可的公共利益使命。并且,科学研究所获得的成果不能被对该科研机构具有决定性影响的企业加以偏向性的享用。《2019版权指令》中的“文化遗产机构”是指公众可以接触到的图书馆、博物馆、档案馆或影音遗产机构。

                              XUYAOZHICHUDESHI,“KEYANMUDEXIADETDMLIWAI”BINGBUWANQUANPAICHISIYINGZHUTIDECANYU,QIKEYIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGBAORONGSHANGYEXINGDEDONGJIHUOZHUTI。KEYANJIGOUHEWENHUAYICHANJIGOUKEYIYUSIYINGZHUTIHEZUO,JIYUGONGSIHEZUOGUANXI(public-private partnerships,PPP)SHISHIKEYANHUODONG,QIRENGRANKEYISHIYONG“KEYANMUDEXIADETDMLIWAI”。OUMENGWEIYUANHUIZAI2016NIANYU《TIAN》TONGSHIFABUDE《YINGXIANGBAOGAO》ZHONG,“KEYANMUDEXIADETDMLIWAI”CUNZAILIANGZHONGTIDAIFANGAN,QIZHONGYIGETIDAIFANGANSHIJIANGTDMLIWAIYANGEDIXIANZHIYUFEISHANGYEXINGDEKEYANMUDE,GAIFANGANHUIDAOZHIPPPKUANGJIAXIADETDMJUYOUHENDADEFALVBUQUEDINGXING,ERGAIMOSHIXIADETDMYINGYONGZAISHIJIANZHONGZHANJIAODADEBILI,DAOZHIHENDUOGONGZHONGZIJINZHICHIDEKEYANXIANGMUXIANRUFALVDE“HUISEDIDAI”,YINCIGAIFANGANWEIBEICAINA[6]115。

                              《影响报告》还对“科研目的下的TDM例外”提出另一种替代方案,即允许任何人(包括私营企业)基于非商业或商业性的科研目的实施TDM。这种不限制主体的做法没有被欧盟层面所采纳,其原因主要有两点:第一,作为商业性企业的研究使用人本来就愿意为TDM的增值服务支付费用,而采取该做法会导致版权人向商业性企业提高合法接触到数据库的订阅费,以弥补TDM相关收入的损失;第二,范围过宽的例外会对版权人产生负面影响,商业性使用TDM已存在很大的市场。在2019年前该市场在欧洲的价值估计超过5.6千万欧元。国际科学、技术和医学出版商协会(STM)的两家主要出版商已经与生命科学公司达成302项TDM许可[6]118。

                              KEJIAN,《2019BANQUANZHILING》ZHONGDE“KEYANMUDEXIADETDMLIWAI”SHOUDAOJIAODUOXIANZHI,NANYIGUANGFANSHIYONGYUMINSHILINGYUDETDMYINGYONG。DANSHI,TDMJISHUCUNZAIDUOZHONGMUDEDEYINGYONG,BINGFEIXIANYUKEXUEYANJIUDEMUDE,GUOYUXIANZHIDETDMLIWAIBINGBULIYUBANQUANFAZONGZHIDESHIXIAN。JIYUCI,《2019BANQUANZHILING》ZENGJIALE“FENXICHULICENGMIANDETDMLIWAI”,JIBENSHANGBUCUNZAIMUDEHUOZHUTIDEXIANZHI。DUICI,《2019BANQUANZHILING》XUYANDI18DUANDI1JUZHICHU:“CHULEKEXUEYANJIULINGYUDEYIYI,MINSHIZHUTIHEGONGGONGZHUTIHAIKEZAISHENGHUOZHONGBUTONGLINGYUJIANGTDMJISHUGUANGFANDIYINGYONGYUBUTONGMUDEXIADEDASHUJUFENXI,BAOKUOZHENGFUFUWU、FUZADESHANGYEJUEDINGHEXINYINGYONGHUOKEJIDEFAZHAN。”[1]

                            决战棋牌   SHIZHISHANG,“FENXICHULICENGMIANDETDMLIWAI”SHIWEILEGUANCHE“YUEDUQUANYINGDANGSHIWAJUEQUAN”(right to read should be the right to mine)DELINIAN,JIDANCHUNSHISHITDMDEQUANLISHIZHISHANGDENGTONGYURENLEITONGGUOYUEDULAIHUODEZHISHIHUOXINXIDEJIBENQUANLI。BANQUANFAZIGUYILAICONGWEISHEZHI“YUEDUQUAN”ZHEIXIANGZHUANYOUQUANLI,JIBIANSHIFANKANDAOBANTUSHU,GAIXINGWEIBENSHENYEBUSHOUDAOBANQUANFADEKONGZHI。JIYUJISHUJINBU,RENLEILIYONGJIQI“YUEDU”ZUOPINGUOCHENGZHONGBUKEBIMIANDICUNZAIZUOPINLINSHIFUZHIJIANDECHANSHENG,ZHEIYEYINGDANGHUOMIANYUBANQUANFADEGUIZHI,CONGERFANGZHIBANQUANQINSHIGONGZHONGHUODEZHISHIDEJIBENQUANLI。FUYUBANQUANREN“JIQIYUEDUQUAN”SHIGUOFENDIKUOZHANGBANQUANBAOHUFANWEI,POHUAIBANQUANRENYUGONGZHONGZHIJIANYUANYOUDELIYIPINGHENG,YOUBEIYUCUJINRENLEIZHISHIFAZHANDEBANQUANFALIFAMUDE。

                              3 欧盟TDM例外的适用要件

                            决战棋牌   3.1 LAIYUANHEFA

                              OUMENGTDMLIWAIDEYIGESHIYONGQIANTIZAIYULAIYUANHEFA,JITDMSHIYONGRENBIXUSHIHEFAJIECHUDAOSUOWAJUEDEWENBENHUOSHUJU。FEIFAHUOWEIFAQUDEWENBENHUOSHUJUDESHIYONGRENBUNENGXIANGSHOUOUMENGTDMLIWAI。LAIYUANHEFADENEIRONGKEYICUNZAILIANGZHONGXINGSHI:YINSHUAXINGSHIHEDIANZIXINGSHI。

                            决战棋牌   QIYI,TDMSHIYONGRENKEYIHEFADIHUODEZUOPINHUOQITANEIRONGDEZHIZHIBAN。LIRU,SHIYONGRENCONGSHUDIANGOUMAITUSHUHUOCONGTUSHUGUANZUJIETUSHU。TONGGUOHEFAQUDAOHUODEYINSHUAXINGSHIDENEIRONG,DUIQIJINXINGSAOMIAOHESHUZIHUAHOUSHISHITDMZEFUHELAIYUANHEFADEYAOQIU。BUGUO,SHIYONGRENRUOCONGWEIFAQUDAOHUODEZHIZHIBANDEZUOPIN,ZENANYIXIANGSHOUOUMENGTDMLIWAI,RUGOUMAIDAOBANDETUSHU。

                              QIER,TDMSHIYONGRENYEKEYIHEFADIHUOQUDIANZIBANDEZUOPINHUOQITANEIRONG,ZHEISHITDMSHIYONGRENHUOQUNEIRONGDEZHUYAOQINGXING。LIRU,SHIYONGRENDINGYUEQUANLIRENDESHUJUKUHOUJINXINGXIAZAI(QUANLIRENYUSHIYONGRENZHIJIANCUNZAIHETONGGUANXI),HUOZHESUOJIECHUDENEIRONGBENSHENSHIQUANLIRENZAIWANGLUOSHANGMIANFEITIGONGDE(QUANLIRENCAIQUKAIFANGJIECHUDEZHENGCE)。ERWEIFAHUODEDIANZINEIRONGDETDMSHIYONGRENWUQUANXIANGSHOUTDMLIWAI,RUCAIQUHEIKEJISHUDAOQUQUANLIRENDENEIRONG。

                              XUYAOZHICHUDESHI,HEFAJIECHUNEIRONGDETDMSHIYONGRENZAIMOUXIEQINGKUANGXIABINGBUYIDINGXUYAOQUDEQUANLIRENDESHOUQUAN。LIRU,TDMSHIYONGRENKEYIJIYUQUANLIYONGJINYUANZE、FADINGXUKEHUOHELISHIYONGDENGYUANZEJIECHUDAONEIRONG,ZHEIXIEQINGXINGDOUBUGOUCHENGWEIFAXINGWEIHUOQINQUANXINGWEI,CONGERFUHELAIYUANHEFADEYAOQIU。

                            决战棋牌   3.2 ANQUANBAOCUNCUOSHI

                              TDMSHIYONGRENDUISUOWAJUEDEWENBENHESHUJUCAIQUSHIDANGDEANQUANBAOCUNCUOSHISHIOUMENGTDMLIWAIDESHIYONGTIAOJIANZHIYI。QUEFAANQUANBAOHUCUOSHIHUIYINFABEIWAJUENEIRONGDEQINQUANFENGXIAN,CISHIRENGSHIYONGTDMLIWAIHUIDAOZHIQUANLIRENLIYISHOUDAOSUNSHI。ANQUANBAOCUNCUOSHIZHEIYIYAOQIUKEYIFANGZHITDMLIWAIDELANYONG,BAOZHANGQUANLIRENDEHEFALIYI。

                              ANQUANBAOCUNCUOSHIBIXUCHIXUYUWENBENHUOSHUJUFUZHIJIANDECUNXUQIJIAN,SUOWAJUEDENEIRONGBUYIDINGZAIHUODEKEXUEYANJIUDEJIEGUOZHIHOUSHIQULIYONGJIAZHI,SUOLIUCUNDEWENBENHUOSHUJUWANGWANGHAICUNZAIKEXUEYANJIUDEFUSHUZUOYONG,RUCHAZHENGKEXUEYANJIUDEJIEGUO、TONGXINGPINGSHENHUOHEZUOYANJIUDEXUYAO。DUICI,《2019BANQUANZHILING》DI3TIAODI2KUANGUIDING:ZUOPINHEQITAKETIDEFUZHIJIANYINGDANGYISHIDANGANQUANBIAOZHUNYUYIBAOCUN,BINGQIEKEYIWEILEKEXUEYANJIUDEMUDE(BAOKUOCHAZHENGYANJIUJIEGUO)ERJIXUBAOLIU。《2019BANQUANZHILING》DI3TIAODI3KUANHAIJINYIBUGUIDING:QUANLIRENYINGDANGYOUQUANCAIQUCUOSHIYIQUEBAOZUOPINHUOQITAKETISUOZAIWANGLUOHESHUJUKUDEANQUANXINGHEWANZHENGXING。

                              ANQUANBAOCUNCUOSHIDEYANGECHENGXUXUYAOQUJUEYUTDMMUDESHIXIANDEBIYAOXING。RUHEQUEDINGFUHEBILIYUANZEDEANQUANBAOCUNCUOSHI,XUYAOYOUCHANYEJIEDELIHAIXIANGGUANRENGONGTONGJUEDING。《2019BANQUANZHILING》DI3TIAODI4KUANGUIDING:CHENGYUANGUOYINGDANGGULIQUANLIREN、KEYANJIGOUHEWENHUAYICHANJIGOUGONGTONGDINGYIDI2、3KUANSUOZHIYIWUJIQICUOSHIXIANGGUANDEZUIJIASHIJIAN。

                              4 启示

                            决战棋牌   JIANYUTDMDUIYUKEXUEYANJIUHEXIANGGUANCHANYEDEZHONGYAOZUOYONG,WOGUOFALVYEYOUBIYAOWEITDMDEYINGYONGTIGONGZHIDUBAOZHANG。TDMLIWAIDEJIANLIZAIWOGUOYEJUYOUYUOUMENGXIANGLEISIDEXIANSHIDONGYINHEZHIDUJIAZHI,XIANXINGZHEZUOQUANZHIDUKENENGHUIYINGXIANGTDMJISHUDEYINGYONG,JINERZUAIWOGUOKEXUEYANJIUYIJIXIANGGUANCHANYEDEFAZHAN。WOGUOXIANXINGZHEZUOQUANFANANYIWEITDMDESHISHITIGONGZUGOUDEQUANLILIWAI。《ZHEZUOQUANFA》DI22TIAOGUIDINGLE“WEIGERENXUEXI、YANJIUHUOZHEXINSHANG”DEHELISHIYONG,GAIGUIDINGDESHIYONGZHUTIJINXIANYUGEREN。ERTDMDESHISHIZHEZHUYAOSHIKEYANJIGOUDENGZUZHI,NANYISHIYONGGAIQUANLILIWAIGUIDING。TONGSHI,WOGUOZHEZUOQUANLIWAIZHIDUCAIQUDALUFAXIGUOJIADE“FENGBISHI”LIEJUGUIDING,ERFEILEISIYUMEIGUODE“KAIFANGSHI”HELISHIYONGGUIZE,WOGUOFAYUANWUQUANGENJUXIANXINGLIFADUIYUTDMCHUANGJIANXINDEZHEZUOQUANLIWAI。JIYUCI,WOGUOZHEZUOQUANFAKEYIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGJIEJIANOUMENGLIFA,ZAIZHEZUOQUANFAXIUGAIZHIJIYINRUTDMLIWAIZHIDU。BIZHEJIANYI,WOGUOTDMLIWAIKEYIZAIOUMENGDEJICHUSHANGJINXINGYIDINGDEYANGQI,JUTIXUYAOZAIYIXIA3FANGMIANYUYIGAIZAO。

                              4.1 TDMLIWAIDEMUDEHEZHUTI

                            决战棋牌   WOGUOYINRUTDMLIWAI,BUYINGJINXIANYUKEXUEYANJIUDEMUDEHETEDINGDEGONGGONGZHUTI,ERYINGTUOKUANZHIGENGGUANGFANDEHELISHIYONGMUDE。TDMKEYIYINGYONGYUKEXUEYANJIUYIWAIYOULIYUGONGGONGLIYIDEXUDUOLINGYU,QIHENDUOQINGKUANGXIABUHUIYINGXIANGZUOPINDEZHENGCHANGSHIYONG,YEBUHUIBUHELIDISUNHAIZHEZUOQUANRENDEHEFALIYI。LIRU,TDMKEYIYINGYONGYUZHINENGPILUXITONG(smart disclosure systems),JITONGGUOBIAOZHUNHUAJIQIKEDUGESHIPILUFUZADEXINXIHUOSHUJU,YISHIXIAOFEIZHEZUOCHUXINXIDUICHENGDEJUEDING[8]。GUGESHUZITUSHUFUWUZESHIYIZHONGZHINENGPILUXITONG,MEIGUOLIANBANGDIERXUNHUISHANGSUFATINGZAI2015NIANPANJUEDE“MEIGUOZUOJIAXIEHUISUGUGEGONGSIAN”ZHONG,RENDINGGUGESHUZITUSHUSHUYUHELISHIYONG[9]。

                              因此,我国TDM例外可以限定为“科学研究和其他合理使用目的”。一方面,将“科研目的下的TDM例外”明确为我国着作权法下权利例外,体现法律的确定性和可预期性;另一方面,增加“其他合理使用目的”可以使我国TDM例外具有一定的弹性,《伯尔尼公约》和《TRIPS协定》所确立的“三步检验法”可以为该例外予以限制解释,防止着作权人的利益遭受损失。某些为了实施TDM而使用作品的行为,不会与作品的正常使用相冲突,也不会不合理地损害着作权人的合法权益,我国法院可以依据该弹性条款对该行为予以保护。例如,具有“智能披露”功能的谷歌数字图书服务可以依据“其他合理使用目的”条款免于着作权侵权的责任。由于我国现行着作权例外制度的僵性规定,北京市高级人民法院2013年判决的“王莘诉谷歌公司案”中认定谷歌数字图书服务侵犯着作权,并不构成合理使用。

                            决战棋牌   XUZHUYIDESHI,《2019BANQUANZHILING》ZHONGDETDMLIWAIGUIDINGZUOWEIQIANGZHIXINGTIAOKUAN,FANYINGDESHIOUMENGCHENGYUANGUOGONGTONGYIZHIXIADETDMLIWAIFANWEI,ERCHAOCHU《2019BANQUANZHILING》DI3、4TIAOSHIYONGFANWEIYIWAIDETDMLIWAINANYIZAIOUMENGGEGUODACHENGGONGSHI,ZHEIBINGBUFOUDINGCHENGYUANGUOKEYIGUIDINGCHAOCHUKEXUEYANJIUMUDEDETDMLIWAI,ZHIYAOQIBUWEIFAN“SANBUJIANYANFA”DEYAOQIU,YIGUOLIFAWANQUANYOUQUANGUIDINGQITAHELISHIYONGMUDEDETDMLIWAI。

                              4.2 TDMLIWAIDEXINGWEIHEKETI

                              CONGYINGRANDEJIAODU,TDMLIWAIZHONGDESHIYONGXINGWEIBUYINGXIANZHIYUFUZHIXINGWEI,HAIYINGDANGBAOKUOTEDINGDECHUANBOXINGWEI。LIRU,GUGESHUZITUSHUFUWUBUJINSHISHILETUSHUSHUZIHUADEFUZHIXINGWEI,HAIXIANGGONGZHONGTIGONGLE“PIANDUANLIULAN”FUWU,QISHIDUITUSHUDEXINXIWANGLUOCHUANBOXINGWEI。YINCI,WOGUOTDMLIWAIYINGDANGBUJINZHENDUIZHEZUOQUANFAZHONGDEFUZHIQUAN,HAIYINGBAOKUOXINXIWANGLUOCHUANBOQUAN,SHIYONGYUTEDINGDEWANGLUOCHUANBOXINGWEI。DEGUOZHEZUOQUANFAMINGQUEGUIDING,TDMLIWAISHIYONGYUTEDINGDECHUANBOXINGWEI。

                            决战棋牌   BUTONGYUOUMENGDESHUJUKUQUANZHIDU,WOGUOLIFAMEIYOUYINRUZHUANMENDESHUJUKUQUANZHIDU,MEIYOUDUCHUANGXINGDESHUJUHUIBIANBUNENGGENJUZHEZUOQUANFASHOUDAOBAOHU。ERSIFASHIJIANZHONGWOGUOFAYUANZHUYAOSHIYONG《FANBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGFA》DI2TIAODUISHUJUKUDEQUANYIJIYUBAOHU。YINCI,WOGUOTDMLIWAIDEKETIJINZHENDUIZHEZUOQUAN,WUXUZENGJIAGUANYUSHUJUKUQUANDEKETIGUIDING。ZAIWOGUOSIFASHIJIANZHONG,DUIYUFUHETDMLIWAIDESHUJUKUSHIYONGXINGWEI,FAYUANYINGJUJUEWEISHUJUKUQUANLIRENTIGONGJIYUFANBUZHENGDANGJINGZHENGFADEBAOHU。RUGUOWOGUOZHEZUOQUANFAJIANGLAIDUIYUWUDUCHUANGXINGDESHUJUHUIBIANJINXINGLINJIEQUANLIFA,CISHIWOGUOTDMLIWAIZEXUYAOZENGJIASHUJUKUQUANZUOWEIKETI。

                              LINGWAI,WOGUOLIFABUJUYOUNARU“FENXICHULICENGMIANDETDMLIWAI”DEBIYAOXING,YINWEIGAILIWAIJINZHENDUILINSHIFUZHIDEXINGWEI,ERLINSHIFUZHIXINGWEIMEIYOUBEINARUWOGUOZHEZUOQUANFAZHONGFUZHIQUANDEFANCHOU。DUICI,WOGUOYUOUMENGJIERANBUTONG,《ZHEZUOQUANFA》DI10TIAODUIYU“FUZHIQUAN”DEDINGYIMEIYOUJIARULINSHIFUZHIDEXINGWEI,ER《2001NIANBANQUANZHILING》DI2TIAODINGYIDE“FUZHIQUAN”MINGQUEBAOHANLELINSHIFUZHI。WOGUOSHISHITDMGUOCHENGZHONGDELINSHIFUZHIXINGWEIBENSHENBUSHOUDAOZHEZUOQUANFAGUIZHI。DANGRAN,RUGUOWOGUOZHEZUOQUANFAJIANGLAIJIYUJISHUBIANGEDEXUYAOERNARULINSHIFUZHI,WOGUOTDMLIWAIZEYINGDANGXIANGYINGDIJIARU“FENXICHULICENGMIANDETDMLIWAI”。

                              4.3 TDMLIWAIDESHIYONGYAOJIAN

                              WOGUOTDMLIWAIYINGDANGJIARU“ANQUANBAOCUNCUOSHI”YU“LAIYUANHEFA”ZUOWEISHIYONGYAOJIAN。BUGUO,BENWENRENWEI,DUIYU“LAIYUANHEFA”YAOJIANYINGCAIQUXIANZHIJIESHI,BUYIJIANGQI“YIDAOQIE”DIZUOWEIPAICHUTDMLIWAIDEYINGXINGTIAOJIAN。SHOUXIAN,HEFAJIECHUNEIRONGYUSHISHITDMZHIJIANCUNZAIYIDINGDEDULIXING。JIECHUNEIRONGDESHIYONGZHETONGCHANGZHIXUYAOXIANGQUANLIRENZHIFUYIDINGDEXUKEFEI,WEIFANXIEYIYUEDINGHUOWEIJINGXUKEJIECHUDAONEIRONGZEKENENGSHUYUWEIYUE、QINQUANHUOPOHUAIJISHUCUOSHIDEWEIFAXINGWEI。TDMSHIYONGRENMEIYOUHUODEXUKEERJIECHUDAONEIRONGBINGSHISHITDM,LIYINGCHENGDANZHIFUXUKEFEIDEFALVHOUGUO,ERBUYINGGAIGUOFENQIANLIANZHISHISHITDMDEHEFAXING。QICI,LAIYUANHEFAYAOJIANKENENGHUIDAOZHIQUANLIRENTONGGUOZENGJIAJIECHUNEIRONGDEXUKEFEI,DADAOBIANXIANGGUIBITDMLIWAIDEXIAOGUO,SHENZHIQUANLIRENYUSHIYONGRENZHIJIANDEXIEYIZHONGJIARUJINZHISHISHITDMDETIAOKUAN,DAOZHISHIYONGRENSHIFOUFUHELAIYUANHEFAYAOJIANCUNZAIFALVDEBUQUEDINGXING。QUANLIRENLANYONGLAIYUANHEFAYAOJIANKENENGZHISHITDMLIWAIXINGTONGXUSHE。ZUIHOU,MUQIANYIXIEGUOJIAGUANYUTDMLIWAIDELIFAYEMEIYOUCAINALAIYUANHEFAYAOJIAN,RUDEGUOHEAISHANIYA。MAKESI·PULANGKECHUANGXINHEJINGZHENGYANJIUSUOYEZHUZHANGKEYANJIGOUZAIMEIYOUHEFAJIECHUQUANDEQINGKUANGXIAYINGDANGYOUQUANSHISHITDM,ERQUANLIRENDUICIKEYIYAOQIUSHIYONGRENZHIFUHELIDEXUKEFEI[10]。YINCI,SHIYONG“LAIYUANHEFA”YAOJIANSHIYINGKAOLVSHIYONGRENDEZHUGUANZHUANGTAI,GAIYAOJIANYINGDANGXIANZHISHIYONGYUEYIDETDMSHIYONGREN,ERBUYINGYICIWANQUANBODUOSHANYISHIYONGRENXIANGSHOUTDMLIWAI。GAIXIANZHIJIESHIDEZUOFAYOULIYUTDMLIWAIDEJIAZHIGONGNENGDEDAOZUIDASHIXIAN,TONGSHIBAOZHANGLEBANQUANRENDEHEFALIYIBINGFANGZHIBANQUANQINQUANDESIYIFANLAN。

                              参考文献
                              [1]Official Journal of the European Union.Directive(EU)2019/790 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 Ap ril 2019 on Copyright and Related Rights in the Digital Single Market and Amending Directives 96/9/EC and 2001/29/EC[EB/OL].(2018-05-17)[2018-09-11].
                              [2]Joint Information Systems Committee.Value and Benefits of Text Mining[EB/OL].(2011-03-14)[2018-05-01].
                              [3]Pilippov S,Hofheinz P.Text and Data Mining for Research and Innovation[EB/OL].(2015-05-30)[2018-05-01].
                              [4]The International Association of Scientific,Technical and Medical Publishers.The STM Report 2015[EB/OL].(2014-02-20)[2018-05-02].
                              [5]Bornmann L,Mütz R.Growth rate of modern science:A bibliometric analysis based on the number of publications and cited references[EB/OL].[2018-05-02].

                              阮开欣.欧盟版权法下的文本与数据挖掘例外[J].图书馆论坛,2019,39(12):102-108. 转载请注明来源。原文地址:http://gxkelong.com/html/faxuelilun/20200314/8281928.html   

                              欧盟版权法下的文本与数据挖掘研究相关推荐


                              联系方式
                              微信号 gxkelong.com
                              热点论文
                              工作日:8:00-24:00
                              周 日:9:00-24:00

                              打鱼棋牌游戏---首页_欢迎您 金胜棋牌---首页_欢迎您 两张棋牌---HOME_Welcome 富春棋牌---首页_欢迎您 英生棋牌---首页_欢迎您