决战棋牌

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                            1. 博弈论的经济应用及其发展趋势

                              摘 要: 博弈论是一项极具竞争性和研究性的理论,国内又将其称为对策论。而从经济学角度来看,博弈论与经济学存在密切联系,两者相互影响,在博弈论不同论点被提出背景下,经济学发展轨迹发生转变,形成了全新的微观经济学,对经济学发展形成了积极的推动作用。 关键词: 博弈
                              阅读技巧Ctrl+D 收藏本篇文章

                                摘 要: “博弈论”是一项极具竞争性和研究性的理论,国内又将其称为“对策论”。而从经济学决战棋牌角度来看,博弈论与经济学存在密切联系,两者相互影响,在博弈论不同论点被提出背景下,经济学发展轨迹发生转变,形成了全新的微观经济学,对经济学发展形成了积极的推动作用。

                                关键词: 博弈论; 经济学; 影响;

                                一、博弈论概念及分类

                                从字面意思来看,所谓博弈论,其中,“博”特指“多、丰富”,是一种古代的棋戏。“弈”本义为“下围棋”,“博弈论”则可看做为一种下棋的理论。而从英文角度来看,博弈论,西方国家认为博弈论实际上是游戏理论。目前,“博弈论”是通过理性决策主体行为发生过程或者相互作用过程中,对一些策略选择及其策略均衡理论的系统研究。博弈论从属于应用数学,也在运筹学中占有突出地位,具有竞争性、斗争性现象的研究理论和研究方法。对于博弈论的分析而言,探寻面对竞争时自身反应策略和确保自身效益是其中最为关键的环节。

                              决战棋牌   ERRUHEJINYIBUCONGGAINIANJIAODUDUIBOYILUNJINXINGFENLEI,ZEXUDUIYIXIAYAOSUJINXINGFENXI:

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                                二、博弈论的经济应用

                              决战棋牌   BOYILUNLAIZIYUJUYOUJUECEXINGZHIHECELVEXINGZHIDELILUNZHIZHONG,ZAIRICHANGSHENGHUOHEGELEIJINGJIHUODONGZHONGSUICHUKEJIAN。MUQIAN,CHANGSHANGLILUNZHONGCHANLIANG、DINGJIA、CHENGBEN、SHICHANGLEIXINGDENGWEIGUANJINGJIXUEXIANGGUANXIJIE,ZHUJIANBEIBOYILUNSUO“ZHANLING”。CONGJINRONGJIAODULAIKAN,BOYILUNDEZHUYAOFANCHOUBAOKUO,GUFENGONGSIZHAIQUANDEXUANZEYIJIGUFENFAXINGLIANGBILIXUANZEDENGDENG。

                                着名电商京东商城与苏宁易购价格战在2012年8月15日彻底打响,此次价格战由京东商城率先发出声明,京东商城将所有家电价格降至苏宁易购价格之下,无底线的便宜,若苏宁易购的定价为1元,那么京东商城直言可降至0元。价格战的产生原因是什么?价格战提出者是否占有优势?京东商城价格战声明的发布,是否影响最终结果?价格战如果持续下去的双方结局?价格战的结局为何草草收场?

                              博弈论的经济应用及其发展趋势

                              决战棋牌   ZAIDUIJIAGEZHANBOYIJINXINGYANJIUFENXIQIAN,YIQIUTUKUNJINGWEIJINGDIANANLIJINXINGBOYILUNWENTIDETANSUO:

                                表1博弈矩阵
                              表1博弈矩阵

                                
                                在上述策略组合结构内部,如果双方在各自选择上无退缩,则双方不得擅自更改选择,只有这样方可确保彼此之间的平衡性与稳定性。

                                TONGCHANGQINGKUANGXIA,NASHENJUNHENGDUOYI“ZUIZHONGJIEGUO”WEICHUFADIAN,YINCI,ZAIMOUZHONGCHENGDUSHANGNASHENJUNHENGJUYOUYIDINGDEWENDINGXINGTEDIAN,SHUANGFANGJUNYOUQUANLIDUIXIANGGUANCELVEZUHEJINXINGZIZHUXUANZE,BINGZUIZHONGDADAONASHENJUNHENG。XIANGFANDI,RUGUONASHENJUNHENGDECHUFADIANWEI“XUANZEJIAODU”,YEJIUSHIZIJIZHANGWOXUANZEQUAN,WEIRAODUIFANGSUOZUOCHUXUANZEJINXINGZONGHEFENXIHEKAOLV,RANHOUXUANZEKEWEICHIZISHENJINGJIXIAOYIZUIDAHUADEFANGSHIKAIZHANBOYI。DANGSHUANGFANGZAIJUTIXUANZEGUOCHENGZHONGJUNXUANYONGSHANGSHULIXINGFANGFA,ZUIZHONGCELVEZUHEYEKESHIXIANNASHENJUNHENG。

                                CONGJINGDONGSHANGCHENGFANGMIANLAIKAN,RUGUOSUNINGCHIXUJIANGDIJIAGE,GENSUIJIANGJIABUSHIJINGDONGSHANGCHENGDEZUIJIAXUANZE,QIKEYICAIQUBUJIANGJIACUOSHIBIMIANGENGDUODEZIJINLIUSHI,ERRUGUOSUNINGYIGOUCAIQUJIANGJIACHULI,NEIMEJINGDONGSHANGCHENGSUIZHIJIANGJIA,ZHEIZHONGZUOFAKEQUEBAOJINGDONGSHANGCHENGLIYIZUIDAHUAMUBIAODEYOUXIAOSHIXIAN。ERCONGSUNINGYIGOUJIAODULAIKAN,YUJINGDONGSHANGCHENGQINGKUANGLEISI,BUTONGYUQIUTUKUNJINGDESHI,SHUANGFANGZAIJIAGEZHANBOYIZHONGBINGWEIQUDEJUEDUIXINGDESHENGLI,SHUANGFANGCELVEDESHISHICHANSHENGLEJIDADEXIANZHIXING,ZUIZHONGWENDINGDECELVEZUHEZHUYAOYOULIANGGEFANGAN:YIFANGMIAN,JINGDONGSHANGCHENGJIAGEBUJIANG,SUNINGYIGOUJIAGEXIAJIANG;LINGYIFANGMIAN,JINGDONGSHANGCHENGJIAGEXIAJIANG,SUNINGYIGOUJIAGEBUJIANG。SHANGSHULIANGFANGMIANCELVEZUHEJIBENSHANGMANZUNASHENJUNHENG。LIANGZHONGBUTONGZUHE,BUTONGJIEGUOZHIXIA,RENYIYIFANGBUDEZAIDUIFANGWUGAIBIANQINGKUANGXIATIQIANJINXINGGAIBIAN。DANDUIYUSHICHANGERYAN,ZUIZHONGJIEGUOZHINENGRONGNAQIZHONGYIGE,NEIMESHIJINGDONGSHANGCHENGHUODE2GEDANWEILIRUN,HAISHISUNINGYIGOUHUODE2GEDANWEILIRUN,WENZHANGYIZIBOYIDUINASHENJUNHENGGAINIANJINXINGTILIAN。

                              决战棋牌   ZIBOYIDUINASHENJUNHENGDETILIANZHUYAOSHIJIANGBAOHANYUNASHENJUNHENGZHONGDEYIXILIEJUYOUWEIXIEXINGDEXIANGGUANCELVEJINXINGYOUXIAOTICHU,YAOQIUWULUNZAINAYIFANGMIANCANYUZHESUOTIGONGJUECEJUNWEIZUIJIAJUECE,WUXINGZHONGZENGJIALEDUIJUECEZHEYAOQIU,JUECEZHEYINGDANGXUEHUISUIJIYINGBIAN,NULIXIANGQIANKAN,DAPOGUYOUCELVESIXIANG。YOUYUSHIXIANLEDUIXIANGGUANWEIXIEDEYOUXIAOTICHU,ZAIZHUDUOQINGKUANGXIA,DUINASHENJUNHENGDEJINGLIANYESHIDEQIGESHUYOUSUOJIANSHAO,ZAIMOUZHONGCHENGDUSHANGDUIQIYUCEFENXIJUNYOUSHIFENZHONGYAODEYIYI。TONGGUOSHENRUYANJIUFAXIAN,WULUNJINGDONGDEWEILAIFAZHANCELVESHISHENME,JUNKEDADAONASHENJUNHENG,JIANDANLAISHUO,SUNINGZHIYAOBIKAIJINGDONGDEJUTIXINGDONGFANGSHI,BIANKEDEDAOZUIJIACELVE。YINCI,JINGGUOSHENSISHULV,JINGDONGDUISUNINGDEXINGDONGFANGXIANGYOULEJIBENDEZHANGWOHELEJIE,RUJIANGJIAZEKEHUOQULIANGGEDANWEIDELIRUN,YINCIJINGDONGJUEDINGJIANGJIA。ERFANGUANSUNING,YOUYUZAIXINGDONGSHIJIANFANGMIANDEYIZHIXING,ZAIXINGDONGQUANMIANSHISHIZHIQIAN,SUNINGTONGYANGFENXILEJINGDONG,DECHUWULUNZISHENCELVERUHE,JINGDONGSUOCAIQUDEBIRANYUZHIXIANGFAN,ZUIZHONGJUEDINGJIANGDIZISHENJIAGE。YUSHI,JINGUANJIAGEZHANGANGLAKAIXUMU,DANZAIDUANSHIJIANNEIBEISHANGJIALIYIHECHENGBENXIANZHIDENGDEXIANZHI,ZUIZHONGCAOCAOSHOUCHANG。

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                                三、博弈论的发展趋势

                                JIYUZISHENLILUNCENGMIANDEYOUSHI,BOYILUNZHUJIANCHENGWEIJINGJIXUELINGYUNEIJIAOWEIQIANYANXINGDEXUEKE,BINGJIANLIQILEYIZHENGTAOXIANGDUIJIANQUANWANZHENGDELILUNTIXI。CONGSHIJILAIKAN,JINGUANQIZAIJINGJIXUELINGYUNEIDEDAOLEGUANGFANRENKE,DANRENGCUNZAIZHUDUOBUZU,JUTIRUXIA:

                              决战棋牌   DIYI,JUNHENGJIEDEDUOZHONGXING。ZAIDADUOSHUQINGKUANGXIA,BOYIMOXINGBUJINYONGYOUYIGEJUNHENGJIE,ERWEIDUOGE。ZHENDUIDUOZHONGJUNHENGJIEDEQINGKUANG,JINGJIXUEJIAWUFAQUEDINGJUNHENGJIEZUIZHONGFASHENGYUNAYIGE,ZAIMOUZHONGCHENGDUSHANGDUIBOYILUNZAIXIANSHIWENTIDEJIEJUEHEWEILAIWENTIDEYUCELIANGFANGMIANDENENGLISHOUDAOYINGXIANG。YINCI,ZAIBOYILUNWEILAIFAZHANGUOCHENGZHONG,JINGZHUNTILIANBOYIJUNHENGJIEDUIYUBOYILUNYANJIUZHEERYANZHIGUANZHONGYAO。DIER,BOYILUNZHONGHUODUOHUOSHAOSHEJIBOYIGUIZEYULILUNJICHUBORUODENGWENTI。MUQIAN,RENGYOUBUFENBOYILILUNSHANGCHUYUTICHUJIASHEJIEDUAN,XUTONGGUODALIANGSHIJIANJIAYIYANZHENG,QIECONGLILUNJIAODULAIKAN,FANWEIHETIXIJIDAIKUOZHANHETONGYI。DISAN,RUHEJINYIBUFAZHANBOYIDEFENXIFANGFA、JIANMOJISHUHEQIUJIESHOUDUAN;RUHETUOKUANBOYILUNYINGYONGLINGYU;RUHEGUANGFANPUJIQIZAIJINGJIXUELINGYUNEIDEYANJIUYUYINGYONGDENGDENG,ZHENGSHIZHEIXIEWENTIDECUNZAI,WEIBOYILUNTIGONGLEFAZHANDONGLI。

                                四、结语

                                ZAIJINGJIXUEZHONGSHIDANGDEYINYONGBOYILUN,CHENGWEICUJINJINGJIXIANDAIHUAFAZHANDEYIDAQUSHI。DANGQIANJIEDUAN,GUOJIAZAIBOYILUNFANGMIANDEYANJIUCHIXUSHENRU,YINFALEYIXILIEFUZAHUA、FANSUOHUADEJINGJIXIANXIANG,QIECONGXINDEJIAODUCHUFAWAJUEBOYILUNLINGYICENGCINEIHAN。DANCONGSHIJILAIKAN,BOYILUNDECELVESIWEIQIANGDIAODUIMOUZHONGJIQIAODEYINGYONG,YAOQIUZHANGWOJIBENJIQIAO,BINGNULIJIANGQIZUOYONGZUIDAXIANDUDEJINXINGFAHUI。

                                参考文献

                                [1] 孔繁鑫.博弈论思想在微观经济学中的应用[J].商情,2017,01(30):67-69.
                                [2]王国成.交互行为视野下博弈论与当代经济学的交汇及发展[J].经济研究,2017,03(12):142-152.
                                [3] 朱富强.博弈论与信息经济学[J].中国信息导报,2014,07(08):29-30.

                                孙璐.浅述博弈论对经济学的影响[J].环渤海经济瞭望,2019(12):154-155. 转载请注明来源。原文地址:http://gxkelong.com/html/zhlw/20200314/8281991.html   

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