决战棋牌

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                1. 中国传统弓箭运动的发展历史及其未来趋势

                  摘 要: 文章运用文献资料法研究中国传统弓箭运动的演进历程,从中国民族体育历史演进的视角将中国传统弓箭的发展历程分为兴盛期、定型期、衰落期和复兴期4个阶段,并对其未来发展趋势进行详细分析。研究认为:传统弓箭未来将会有更加广阔的发展前景;民族传统文化复兴大业
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                    摘 要: 文章运用文献资料法研究中国传统弓箭运动的演进历程,从中国民族体育历史演进的视角将中国传统弓箭的发展历程分为兴盛期、定型期、衰落期和复兴期4个阶段,并对其未来发展趋势进行详细分析。研究认为:传统弓箭未来将会有更加广阔的发展前景;民族传统文化决战棋牌复兴大业上任重道远;完善国家队运动员选材模式将成为长久任务;创建学科项目,健全、明确体系将推进自身的发展;民间力量将在未来发展中占据独特作用;传统射箭运动成为一种普及的文化活动,社会影响显着;传统技术与现代科技相结合引领未来发展。在此基础上,对中国传统弓箭项目“进入”奥运会作出展望。

                    关键词: 中国传统弓箭; 体育运动史; 传统文化; 展望;

                    Abstract: This paper studies the evolution of Chinese traditional archery by using the method of literature,and divides the development course from the perspective of the historical evolution of Chinese national sports into 4 stages,such as prosperity period,shaping period,decline period and revival period. It also carries on the detailed analysis to its future development trend. The research holds that the traditional archery will have a broader development prospect in the future; there is a long way to go for the revival of national traditional culture,and perfect the selection mode of national team athletes will become a permanent task,and the establishment of subject projects,a sound and clear system will promote their own development,and civil forces will play a unique role in the future development; traditional archery has become a popular cultural activity with remarkable social impact,and the combination of traditional technology and modern science and technology leads to future development. On this basis,this paper makes a prospect on Chinese traditional archery to enter the Olympic Games.

                    Keyword:决战棋牌 Chinese traditional archery; history of sports; traditional culture; prospect;

                    GONGJIANCONGDANSHENGJIUYURENLEISHENGCUN、JINBUJINMILIANXIZAIYIQI[1]。DANGXIA,CHENJIJINBANGESHIJIDECHUANTONGGONGYUNDONGZAICIXINGQI,QUANGUOSAISHIJIHUODONGBUDUAN,SHOUDAOHAINEIWAIAIHAOZHEDEGUANGFANGUANZHUHECANYU。2018NIANSHAOLINSHANGONGQUANGUOXINGSHEJIANBISAIDEJUBAN,CHENGWEIZHONGGUOGONGJIANWENHUAZAIXINSHIDAIBEIJINGXIAFUXINGDEBIAOZHI。BIZHETONGGUODUICHUANTONGGONGJIANYUNDONGLISHIYANJINGUOCHENGJINXINGZHENGLIYUHUIGU,YIFANGMIAN,JIAQIANGGUORENDUIWOGUOCHUANTONGSHEJIANWENHUAYANJINGUOCHENGDERENSHI,GUANCHESUOQIANQUEDE“LI”DEGUANNIAN。LINGYIFANGMIAN,WEITUIDONGCHUANTONGSHEJIANYUNDONGFUXINGHEGUIHUAQIWEILAIFAZHANFANGXIANGTIGONGLILUNCANKAO。

                    1、 中国传统弓箭运动的起源及其后续演进过程

                    1.1、 中国传统弓箭运动的起源

                    因弓箭的产生早于人类,故对弓箭文化具体产生时间的研究争议很多。有这样一段没有文字史料记载的历史,依靠神话传说流传至今,他将中国古代传统弓箭的源起追溯到史前社会,对弓箭的描述是通过后人对神话故事和传说了解得到的[2]。这是传统弓箭最早的一个起源说。又据史书记载,在距今约2.8万年人类已使用弓箭,并将其源起定义为古人类进行狩猎和保卫自身安全的需要。在国家对考古愈加重视和专家的不懈探索中,1963年,中国山西朔县峙峪村的旧石器晚期遗址中发现了一枚用燧石打造的“箭镞”。该遗址的年代与史书记载一致,说明弓箭最早在旧时代晚期到新时期早期这一区间年份就已经问世了[3]。足以证明我们的先人是作为全世界最早使用并掌握弓箭运动的大群体之一。但遗憾的是,却不足以成为我国古代射箭史开端的有力证据。这是继神话故事起源后的又一起源说。

                  中国传统弓箭运动的发展历史及其未来趋势

                    1.2、 中国传统射箭运动的后续演进过程

                    1.2.1 、兴盛期

                    SHELISHIGUDAISHEJIANNANZIDEYIZHONGLIYI。QICHANSHENGCHENGWEIGUDAICHUANTONGGONGJIANXINGSHENGDEBIAOZHI,XINGSHENGJIEDUANZHENGCHUYUXIZHOUSHIQI。ZAISHELISHANGDESHEJIANBISAIZHONGYIJUBEILEBAOKUOBISAISHIJIAN、CHANGDI、CANSAIRENYUAN、BISAIGUIZEYUFANGSHIFANGFADENGJIAOWEIXIANDAIHUADETIYUJINGSAIJIBENYAOSU,TONGSHITIXIANCHU“YOUYIDIYI,BISAIDIER”DELINIANHEZONGZHI,YUCITONGSHI,XIZHOUSHIDAICHANSHENGLEYISHEJIANBISAIWEIZHONGXINNEIRONGDEYUNDONGHUI[3]。YUNDONGHUIDECHUXIANXIANGDUIYUJINTIANLAISHUOJUYOUZHONGYAODESHIDAIYIYI,SHEJIANYUNDONGDEXINGSHENGWEIHOUQISHEJIANYUNDONGDEFAZHANDIANDINGLEJICHU。

                    1.2.2 、定型期

                    中国传统射箭运动承载了生产、军事教育的任务,经历了从产生到兴盛,从兴盛到定型等过程。而自西周起至清代,射箭文化不断变更,这一时间段弓箭文化的形式处于不断完善的过程。在“百家争鸣”的春秋战国时期,儒家、道家、墨家等各大派分别提出诸多的射箭思想,在教育、军事、政治等多个方面,形成了较为深刻的社会影响力。先秦时期,射箭是体育、是文化,也是当时人们政治与经济社会生活的一部分[4]。且弓箭生产制作技艺已达到十分精湛的地步,并得以保存流传至今。

                    SUIZHEWEIJINNANBEICHAOSHIQISHANGWUJINGSHENDEXINGQI、MENFAZHIDUDEXINGCHENGYIJISHEHUIDEDONGDANGBUAN,SHIZUSHEJIANYUNDONGDEDAOLEKUAISUDEFAZHAN,NVZISHEJIANYUNDONGYICHENGWEILEYIZHONGSHEHUIXIANXIANG,DEDAORENMENDEPUBIANRENKE[5],XINGCHENGLEJUYOUTESEDECHUANBOHEFAZHANMOSHI。DAOLEGUOLIDINGSHENG、JINGJIFANRONGDETANGDAI,SHEJIANYUNDONGCHENGWEIPEIYANGHEXUANBAYOUXIURENCAIDEZHUYAONEIRONG,SHIJINXINGLIYIJIAOHUADEZHONGYAOFANGFA,SHIJUNSHIXUNLIANYUZHANZHENGDEHEXINSHOUDUAN。GONGJIANYUNDONGZAIJIAOYUMOSHI、JUNSHI、ZHENGZHIDENGFAZHANSHANGDAOMINGQINGSHIQIYIDINGXING,YINSONGRENDUIGONGJIANWENHUADEQINGSHI,JIASHANGMING、QINGKAISHICHUXIANDEHUOYAOQIANGPAO,WEIZHONGGUOGUDAICHUANTONGSHEJIANYUNDONGDEMEILUOMAIXIAFUBI[7],DAOZHIZHONGGUOGUDAIGONGJIANDELIQI、WUQISHUXINGJUNBEIRUOHUA。

                    1.2.3 、衰落期

                    1959NIAN,ZAIXINDEGUOJIGUIZEYINGXIANGXIA,SHOU“***”DESHIDAIBEIJING,“JUGUOTIZHI”“AOYUNZHENGGUANGJIHUA”DENGYIXILIEZHENGCEGANYU[6]。ZHONGGUOCHUANTONGGONGJIANBEI“OUZHOUGONG”JICHULESHETAN,GUORENZHUANXIANGJIADALEDUIOUZHOUGONGDENGXIFANGJINGJITIYUXIANGMUDETOURU,CONGCI“SHEXUE”BIANCHENG“JUEXUE”,CHUANTONGGONGZHUJIANZOUXIANGSHUAILUO;YOUYINJINDAIHUOQIKUAISUFAZHAN,GUORENMENBUDONGDEJIANGSHEJIANJINGENSHIDAIDEBUFA,YIZHIYUCHUANTONGGONGJIANBEIHUOQIQUDAI;ZUIHOU,SHEJIANBISAIZUOWEIYIZHONGCHUANCHENGSHEJIANWENHUADEXINGSHI,ZI1957NIAN6YUE18RIZAIBEIJINGTIYUGUANJUXING“QUANGUOSHEJIANJINBIAOSAI”HOU,ZAIYEMEIYOUJUBANGUORENHEZHENGSHIDECHUANTONGSHEJIANBISAIHUOHUODONG,CHUANTONGGONGJIANSAISHIBUZAI,GONGJIANYUNDONGZHUJIANXIAOSHENGNIJI,TUICHULISHIWUTAI,CHUANTONGGONGJIANJINRUSHUAILUOQI。

                    1.2.4 、复兴期

                  决战棋牌   JINSHINIANLAI,GONGJIANYUNDONGZAIYICIJINRURENMENDESHIYE,YOULEFUXINGDEQUSHI。QIZHONG,XUESHUYANJIUSHICHUANTONGGONGFUXINGDE“DIYITUIDONGLI”,CHUANTONGGONGZAIGUOQUCHUYUZHUJIANXIAOSHENGNIJIDEJIEDUAN,HENSHAOYOURENXIEGUANYUSHEJIANFANGMIANDEDONGXI。YOUQISHIKAOGUXUEJIE,ZHUANTIYANJIUDELUNWENYEFEICHANGHANJIAN,LUNWENJIGENGSHIWEICHUXIANGUO,ZAOCHENGLEXIANZAIDUICHUANTONGSHEJIANYUNDONGDEJISHU、WENHUA、ZHIDUYANJIUYIJIZHUANXIEGAOYUANDOUBUZUDEXIANXIANG[8]。DUICI,CONGSHISHEJIANYUNDONGHEYIXIEYOUYUANJIANZHUOSHIDEMINZUWENHUACHANGDAOZHEDOUZUOCHULENULI。LI:YOUMALIANZHENZHUBIANDE《ZHONGGUOCHUANTONGSHEJIAN》ZHUANJI,KESUANZUOSHEJIANYUNDONGFUXINGDESHOUCHUANGSHUJILE。XUKAICAIXIANSHENG、LISHULANNVSHIZAIZHEIJINSHIYUNIANLAIDOUZAIWEIXINZHONGGUOSHEJIANFUXINGSHIYEZUOGONGXIAN,KEYISHUOTAMENSHICHUANTONGSHEJIANFUXINGDELINGTOUYANG;DANGXIA,ZI2006NIANCHUANTONGSHEJIANFUXINGYILAI,WULUNSHIXISHERENSHU、SAISHISHULIANG,GUANZHUDUDOUMINGXIANZENGJIA,CHUANTONGSHEJIANYUNDONGZHENGSHIJINRUFUXINGSHIQI。

                    ZONGSHANGSUOSHU,ZHONGGUOCHUANTONGSHEJIANYUNDONGZIDANSHENGQI,JINGLILEXIZHOUSHELIDEXINGSHENGQI、MINGQINGDEDINGXINGYIJI***SHIDAIDESHUAILUODENGJIEDUAN,MUQIANYIJINGJINRULEHUANHUANFUXINGDEFAZHANJIEDUAN。

                    2、 中国传统弓箭未来发展方向分析

                    2.1、 传统弓箭未来将会有更加广阔的发展前景

                    SHOUXIAN,CHUANTONGSHEJIANCONGMINJIANZAICIJUEQI,TONGGUOXIANGWEILAIDAOLUZHONGDEZHIYEHUAFAZHAN,SHIQINENGCHENGWEIWEILAITIYUSAISHIZHONGZUISHOUHUANYINGDECHUANTONGXIANGMUZHIYI;QICI,YOUYUGUOJISHEJIANGUIZEDEBIANHUAN,SHICHUANTONGGONGDEFAZHANGENSHANGSHIDAIBUFA,SHEJIANYANJIUGONGZUOZHEJIXIEHUI,NULICUJINZHONGGUOSHEJIANDETIYUHUAZHUANXING,ZHEISHIQIFAZHANDEHENZHONGYAODEYIFANGMIAN;ZAICI,JIBENDEJISHUXUNLIANHEYUNDONGGUIJUCHENGWEIBISAIQIANDEZHONGYAOYIBUFEN,ERZHEIXIANGYIJISHU、JIAOYUWEIBENDECHUANTONGFUXINGWENHUA,SHIZISHENZAISHIJIEFAZHANZHONGGENGYOUXIYINLIHENINGJULI;LINGWAI,SUIZHEGONGHEJIANDECAIZHIJIEGOUHEGONGNENGDEWANSHAN,HENDUOCHUANTONGSHEJIANJINGSAIGUICHENGDOUDUIGONGJIANDEJIANTOU、JIANWEIHEJIANYUDENGZUOCHUYANGEYAOQIU,ZHENGGECHUANTONGGONGBIXUSHILUOGONG。ZHEISHICHUANTONGGONGDEMEILITIXIAN,YESHICHUANTONGSHEJIANZAIFUXINGHOUZOUDEGENGYUANDESHIZHIXINGZHENGCE。

                    2.2、 民族传统文化复兴大业上任重道远

                    MINZUWENHUAYINQIQIANGDADEYINGXIANGLIHEDUTEDESECAI,ZAIXINDESHIDAIZAICIZHANFANGWANGRIDEGUANGHUIHESECAI。DIYI,CHUANTONGSHEJIANZUOWEIZHONGGUOGUDAISHISHANGYIGEFEICHANGZHONGYAODEWENHUACUNZAI,LIYINGDEDAOJICHENGHEFAZHAN,YINCIGONGJIANYUNDONGDEFUXINGJIANGSHIYIGEBIRAN;DIER,WEIFUXINGGONGJIANCHUANTONGWENHUA,ZAISHINIANJIANLI,SHENGJIYISHANGDECHUANTONGSHEJIANSAISHIDEJUBANZAIQUANGUOYIDA60YUCHANG,QIZHONGQUANGUOXINGSAISHIDA29CHANGYOUYU;DISAN,ZHONGGUOGEDIZUZHIKAIZHANLEGEZHONGXINGSHIDEMINJIANSHEJIANHUODONGHERUOGANCIXUESHUYANTAO,QISHEHUIREQINGJICANYUDUJIGAO,ERXUESHUHUODONGYINLINGQIFAZHANCONGJISHUCENGMIANSHANGSHENGDAOXUESHUCENGMIAN,2009NIANZAIBEIJINGZHAOKAIDEZHONGGUOCHUANTONGSHEJIANYANTAOHUI,JIUZHONGGUOCHUANTONGSHEJIANXIANDAIHUAFUXINGLILUNYUSHIJIANJINXINGLEGUANGFANTANTAO,ZHEIZAIZHONGGUOCHUANTONGGONGJIANDEFAZHANSHISHANGJUYOULICHENGBEIDEYIYI,GENGWEIQIFUXINGTIGONGLEPINGTAI。CHUANTONGSHEJIANYUNDONGCHENGWEIJINGMINJIANFAQILUJING,ZAIDUANSHIJIANNEISHIXIANKUAYUESHIFAZHAN,XINGCHENGLEGUOJIHUAYINGXIANGLIDEDIANFAN。ZAICHUANTONGGONGJIANCUJINZISHENWENHUAFUXINGTONGSHI,YEDAIDONGLEQITAMINZUWENHUADEFUXINGFAZHAN。YINCI,CHUANTONGGONGJIANZAIMINZUCHUANTONGWENHUAFUXINGDAOLUSHANGRENZHONGDAOYUAN。

                    2.3 、完善国家队运动员选材模式将成为长久任务

                    现今,我们国家队运动员选材模式是选拔,即“按比赛成绩选拔”,选拔途径是通过基层教练、基层学校、各种人才培养基地输送到国家队里,但在这些选拔的运动员中大多数都是不喜欢射箭的人来射箭,选拔培养方式也过于单一。像徐开才等资深的传统射箭研究专家,一直不断致力于完善传统弓箭运动员的选拔制度,经专家们进行研讨,逐渐规范训练、技术,从青少年年龄段入手,以开展夏令营的形式培养并挖掘优秀的人才,挑选今后有望进入专业训练队的青少年,对于夏令营的训练坏境将采取封闭式的训练,并由学校的老师进行学生的管理,管理学生的同时教师也要掌握了解传统射箭技术,更好的以一种主题为夏令营的形式来办,逐渐推广。以此,更多的为国家队输送人才。完善国家队选材模式将成为长久任务。

                    2.4 、创建学科项目,健全、明确体系将推进自身的发展

                    对于中国传统弓箭未来的发展方向,具体的操作步骤,我们必须提前规划好。形成我们的“射箭哲学”,建立学科。即加快建立正规组织,落实组织工作,然后完善、恢复包括竞赛规则、器材、技术、服装等在内的相关问题。这些东西都有了,那么才能更快实现我们所谓的“进”,进世锦赛、进奥运会。但是对于组织、学科的创建,全国、各省市的大小射箭比赛,都需要一套完整的体系。故首先要做的就是得成绩,想参加世界锦标赛没有成绩肯定不行,其次,想取得成绩就要健全体系,体系不能够说完全专业化,但也要普通和专业相结合,用详细的训练体制,以此来提高我国训练队的训练水平,现在协会、两射中心就在抓这一问题。最后,为创建一套训练体制,专家学者们将用编写教材及论文的方式为突破口,教材的编写为主要内容,因为中国还没有射箭教材。当组织落实、学科建立及一套完整的体系建立后,我国中国的传统射法,将会在全国普及,同时整体的技术水平也会上去。因此传统射箭的发展,不是结果,而是过程。

                    2.5、 民间力量将在未来发展中占据独特作用

                  决战棋牌   ZHONGGUOCHUANTONGSHEJIANDEFAZHANSHIYIGEXUYAOXINHUOXIANGCHUANDEZHANGQISHIYE,XUYAOPEIYANGYIDAIYOUYIDAIDERENQUJICHENGFAZHAN,SHEHUISHANGYEYOUYIXIEAIHAOCHUANTONGSHEJIANZHEIYIXINGYEDEREXINRENSHI,TAMENYEZAIJILIDEGAOHAOZHEIYICHUANTONGWENHUAHUODONG,ZHUJIANSHULIWEIWANG。HAIYOUFUTAODENGBEITIDAXUEDEXUESHENG,YISHIYIMINGGUOJIAJISHEJIANJIAOLIAN,TEBIEREZHONGYUCHUANTONGGONGWENHUADECHUANBO,JINGCHANGCANJIAXUESHUYANTAOHUODONG,FABIAODUICHUANTONGSHEJIANDEZISHENKANFA,YONGSHIJIXINGDONGHELILIANGQUJICHENG、CHUANBOCHUANTONGSHEJIANWENHUA。JINSHIDUONIANYILAI,XUKAICAILAOSHIDALICHANGDAO、TUIDONGCHUANTONGSHEJIANDEHUIFU,YEDUIZHONGGUOCHUANTONGSHEJIANZAIWEILAIDEFAZHANZUOCHUZHANWANG,YINWEIYEYUSHEJIANZHETAMENAIHAOZHEIXIANGCHUANTONGXIANGMU,SUIZHECHUANTONGSHEJIANWENHUADECHUANBO,ZHENGGESHEHUIDEWENHUAGUANNIANJIANGHUIYOUSUOGAIBIAN,JISHEJIANYUNDONGZAIWEILAIFAZHANZHONG,MINJIANLILIANGJIANGZHANJUDUTEZUOYONG。XIANGMENGGUZUZUOWEISHEJIANWENHUACHUANGZAODEYIGESHAOSHUMINZU,TONGYANGZUOWEIYIZHONGMINJIANLILIANG,TAMENKAISHIYANJIUZAIMINYUNHUI、NEIDAMUDAHUIKAIZHANSHEJIAN,GUANCHELINIAN,NEIMENGGUSHIFANDAXUEDENGGAOXIAOYIKAISHELEMENGGUZUCHUANTONGSHEJIANTESEKECHENG,TONGYANGWEILEDALIFAZHANSHEJIANYUNDONG。YINCI,MINJIANLILIANGJIANGZAIWEILAIFAZHANZHONGZHANJUDUTEZUOYONG。

                    2.6、 传统射箭运动成为一种普及的文化活动,社会影响显着

                    ZHONGGUOCHUANTONGSHEJIANYUNDONGSHIZHONGGUORENZHUISU、JICHENG、FAYANGCHUANTONGWENHUADEMAILUO。ZAIGUDAI,BASHEJIANKANCHENGSHIXUEXILIYIHEPEIYU“JUNZI”XINGWEIGUIFANDEZHONGYAOSHOUDUAN,YUGUDAILILEWENHUALIANXISHENYUAN。YUCITONGSHIZHONGGUODADISHANGLIUCHUANZHEXUDUOSHENJIANSHOUDEGUSHI,ZHEIXIERENWUWANGWANGYOUYUXIAWENHUAXIANGJIEHE,ERJIANWENHUAWEIHAOXIAGUANZHULEZHENGYIZHIQI。SHEJIANYOUYIZHONGWUQIFAZHANDAOHANYANGPINDEDELIYI、YULESHENXINDEYOUXINAIZHITIYUJINGSAIXIANGMU,ZHUBUWANCHENGLEYOUSHUDAOYI、ZAIYOUYIZHIJIDELINIANSHENGHUA,SHENTOUCHUSHENHOUDEWENHUAQIXI。ERDANGJINSHEHUI,SHEJIANZAICICHENGWEIYIZHONGWENHUAXINGWEI,TIXIANZAIDAODEJIAOHUAHERENWENWENHUALIANGDIANSHANG,RENMENJICHENGQIANRANG、RENAIDENGYOULIANGMEIDE,JUTIBIAOXIAN:QIYI,SHEJIANDEYILIXIANGDAI,ZUNZHONGZHIYI,TIXIANTIYUWENHUADEDAQIFENGFAN。QIER,DANBOMINGLIDEXINJING,JIANSHAOLESHEHUIDEBUANDINGYINSU;QISAN,SHEJIANYUNDONGZHONG,ZHENGQUEDUIDAICHENGBAI,DUIYUJINGZHENGJILIEDERENLAISHUO,KEDIAOZHENGHAOXINZHIYUTITAI,BAIZHEBUNAODEJINGSHEN,DADAOFANBAIWEISHENG。SUOYISHUO,CHUANTONGSHEJIANCHENGWEIYIZHONGPUJIDEWENHUAHUODONG,CHANSHENGLEXIANZHEDESHEHUIYINGXIANG。

                    2.7、 传统技术与现代科技相结合引领未来发展

                  决战棋牌   CHUANTONGSHEJIANFAZHANZHONGJIANGSHEJIANJISHUKANDEYOUWEIZHONGYAO,TASHIPINGJIAJIYIDEBIAOZHI。ZAIXUKAICAILAOSHISUOFASHOUDESHUZHONGJIANGSHEJIANJISHUFENWEIGOUXIAN、SAFANGDENGSHIERGEHUANJIEJISHU,CONGYUNDONGSHENGWULIXUEHEJIEBAOXUELAIJIANG,YOULIYUJIANSHAODUISHOUWANDESHANGHAI,ZHEISHIYIXIANGSHIFENXIZHIDEJISHUDONGZUO。ERDANGJINSHEHUIKEJIDERIXINYUEYI,ZHUANJIAXUEZHEBUDUANZENGJIALEDUISHEJIANJISHUDEYANJIU,QIZHUYAOTIXIANZAIJISHUDONGZUOSHENGWULIXUEYANJIU、YUNYONGBILATISIJIFATIGAOZHUANXIANGJINENG、JIYUFlashZHEZHAOJISHUSHIXIANSHEJIANDONGHUATANTAODENGDUOGEFANGMIANDEYANJIU。ZICHUANTONGSHEJIANJISHUFUXINGYILAI,GUOJIAJIAQIANGDUISHEJIANJISHUDEKEJITOURU。DUOFANGMIANTIXIANKEJIWEISHEJIANYUNDONGDEFAZHANFUYUXINHANYI。YINCI,CHUANTONGSHEJIANJISHUYUXIANDAIKEJIXIANGJIEHEJIANGYINLINGQIWEILAIFAZHAN。

                    3 、中国传统射箭运动成为奥运项目的展望

                    ZHONGGUOCHUANTONGSHEJIANDEFAZHANSHIYIBENHOUZHONGDELISHISHU,ZAIWOGUO2018NIAN10YUECHENGGONGJUBANDIYICIQUANGUOXINGZHIDEZHONGGUOCHUANTONGSHEJIANBISAIHOU,GUORENZAICIDUICHUANTONGSHEJIANYUNDONGCHENGWEIAOYUNXIANGMUCHANSHENGLEWUXIANDEQIDAI。PENGBOXINGQIDEZHONGGUOCHUANTONGSHEJIANYUNDONGJINRUSHIJINHUI、AOYUNHUI,DEDAOAOYUNHUIDERENTONG,CHENGWEIYIXIANGAOYUNXIANGMUJIANGSHIYIZHONGBIRAN。AOYUNHUISHEJIANBISAIJINGSAIGUIZEJINGGUOLEBUDUANDEBIANGE,CANSAIGUIMOZHUJIANKUODA[9]。ERWOMENYAOJIXUZUODEJIUSHIBUDUANWANSHANCHUANTONGSHEJIANDEXUNLIANHEJINGSAITIZHI。ZUOHAOLIANGTIAOZHANXIAN,YISHIAOYUNZHANLVE,ERSHIQUNZHONGYUNDONG,CHUANTONGGONGJIANYUNDONGJINRUAOYUNHUI,LIYONGAOYUNHUIZHEIGEDAQIAOLIANG,RANGSHIJIEQUANMIANLEJIEZHONGGUOCHUANTONGDESHEJIANYUNDONG,HUIZAIYICIYIQUANXINDEMIANMAOJISHENSHETAN,ZHEIYANGSHEJIANJISHUSHUIPINGTIGAOLE,ZHONGGUOCHUANTONGWENHUAYEJICHENGFAYANGLE。CHUANTONGSHEJIANBIJIANGJINRUZHANXINDESHIDAI,JIESHI,CHUANTONGSHEJIANYUNDONGJIANGXIYINGENGDUOGUONEIWAIAIHAOZHEDEJIARU。

                    4、 结语

                    ZHONGGUOCHUANTONGSHEJIANYUNDONGDEQIYUANJIQIYANBIANLICHENGSHIFEICHANGFUZADE。QISHIYUHUIWANZHUANFENGFUDUOCAI,SUIRANFAZHANDAOLUQUZHEDANQIQIANJINDEBUFASHIBUKEDANG,TADUIQITAMINZUCHUANTONGWENHUADEFUXINGZUOYONGYIBUKEXIAOQU。TONGGUOCHUANTONGSHEJIANYUNDONGYANJINLICHENGDESHULI,YOUZHUYUWOMENQUANFANGWEIDIRENSHIHELEJIEZHONGGUOCHUANTONGSHEJIANYUNDONG,WEITUIDONGQICHIXUFAZHANTIGONGXINDELILUNYIJU。

                    参考文献

                    [1]李小华,王震.中国传统弓箭文化的传承与保护[J].体育研究与教育,2016,31(05):72-76.
                    [2]陈新华.中国古代射箭史研究[D].苏州大学,2017.
                    [3]党明德.西周春秋时期的射箭运动会[J].济南大学学报(综合版),1993(03):41-42.
                    [4]周亚婷.先秦时期射箭运动研究[D].苏州大学,2014.
                    [5]姜雪婷.魏晋南北朝射箭文化及其社会性[J].体育文化导刊,2009(02):95-98.
                    [6]龚茂富.由“术”至“道”:中国传统射箭的文化变迁与创造性转化[J].成都体育学院学报,2018,44(06):44-49.
                    [7]吕红芳,边宇,马廉祯,冯进勇.我国传统射箭运动复兴的文化反思[J].北京体育大学学报,2017,40(06):140-145.
                    [8]佘丽容,罗川.从文化回归的视角看中国传统射箭运动的复兴——读徐开才《射艺》有感[J].武术研究,2016,1(06):107-110.
                  决战棋牌   [9]陈青.奥运会射箭比赛研究[J].体育文化导刊,2014(11):68-71.

                    刘曼玉,董思宇.中国传统弓箭的历史演进研究[J].体育科技文献通报,2019,27(10):146-147+150. 转载请注明来源。原文地址:http://gxkelong.com/html/zhlw/20200314/8282018.html   

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