决战棋牌

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                  不同感觉系统影响姿势控制的生理机制

                  摘 要: 姿势控制参与了日常生活的各个方面,能够维持身体平衡,防止跌倒的发生。本文从姿势控制的定义入手,分析视觉、前庭觉和本体感觉作用于姿势控制的途径,以及各感觉受损后姿势控制的代偿现象。通过文献研究法,本文得出姿势控制不仅是应对姿势扰动的反射活动,
                  阅读技巧Ctrl+D 收藏本篇文章

                    摘 要: 决战棋牌姿势控制参与了日常生活的各个方面,能够维持身体平衡,防止跌倒的发生。本文从姿势控制的定义入手,分析视觉、前庭觉和本体感觉作用于姿势控制的途径,以及各感觉受损后姿势控制的代偿现象。通过文献研究法,本文得出姿势控制不仅是应对姿势扰动的反射活动,也包含了在空间中的定向能力,为主动活动提供最佳身体对线;作用于姿势控制的视觉途径包括通过视力、对比敏感度、视野与立体视觉,前庭觉途径包括前庭感受器与前庭反射,本体感觉途径包括本体感受器与中枢处理能力。总体而言,一种感觉成分受损后,机体能够通过另外两种感觉代偿,各感觉具体的代偿方式不一。

                    关键词: 决战棋牌视觉; 前庭觉; 本体感觉; 姿势控制;

                    姿势控制是运动生理学决战棋牌中的重要课题。各种日常生活活动均会引起重心的摆动与姿势变化,而机体往往需要持续的修正姿势以维持平衡。姿势控制受多种因素影响,其中认知与衰老对姿势控制的影响已相对明确。例如经典的认知容量理论指出,人的认知容量有限,越复杂的任务占用的资源越多;当认知任务的需求与姿势控制任务的需求超过总容量时,二者会产生竞争导致姿势控制能力下降。与年轻人相比,老年人需要投入更多的认知资源用于维持姿势稳定,而在其他认知任务的干扰下,老年人很容易出现姿势不稳。衰老也会带来认知处理能力下降,从而影响姿势稳定。视觉、前庭觉、本体感觉因素同样会影响姿势控制能力,但是通过何种途径作用于姿势控制,不同感觉受损后姿势控制如何代偿,目前尚无定论。本文从姿势控制的定义出发,旨在明确视觉、前庭觉和本体感觉作用于姿势控制的途径,并探讨各个感觉受损后的代偿现象。

                    一、姿势控制定义

                    ZISHIKONGZHIDEYANJIUQIYUANYUSHANGGESHIJICHU,XUEZHEMENQICHURENWEIZISHISHIYIZHONGYOUYINGDUISHENTIZHONGLIYINCHUDEFANSHEHUODONG。ZHEIYIDINGYISUIRANBIAODALEZISHIKONGZHICHANSHENGDEYUANYIN,DANSHIHUSHILEFANSHEJUYOUZHIHOUXINGTEDIAN,JIZISHIBUWENCHUXIANHOUCAIHUICHANSHENGXIANGYINGDEZISHIKONGZHI;SHIJISHANGRENTIKEYILIYONGDONGZUOJINGYAN,ZAIBUWENFASHENGQIANJIUJINXINGZISHIDIAOKONG(QIANKUI)[1]。Shumway-CookYUWoollacott(2000)JIANGZISHIKONGZHIDINGYIWEIBAOCHIZISHIPINGHENG(balance)HEWEICHIZISHIZAIKONGJIANZHONGDEDINGXIANG(orientation)NENGLI。ZHEIYIDINGYICONGZISHIKONGZHIDEMUDECHUFA,JUYOULIANGFANGMIANDEHANYI:BAOCHIPINGHENGXUYAOGANJUEXITONGCHIXUSHURU;ZISHIDEKONGJIANDINGXIANGXUYAOTONGGUOYUHUANJINGDEJIAOHU,SHIZHIXIN(center of mass,COM)WEICHIZAIYIDINGFANWEINEI。GAIDINGYIYIBEIXUEZHEGUANGFANJIESHOU。

                    最近的研究认为,姿势控制的目的在于为潜在活动提供力矩[2],潜在的活动包含抵消外力造成的姿势不稳或者自主运动。这一定义的依据在于,健康的正常人可以将重心前摆置于足长的40%内,后摆置于20%内而不会跌倒;正常站立时,不遵循省力原则将重心落在踝关节下,而是落于关节前方。若将前一种定义视为“静态”理论,那么新的“动态”理论将姿势控制的目的转移到即将进行的主动运动中,而不是一味的维持重心不变。这就对感觉系统提出了更高的要求,寻找到身体恰当的对线与肌肉张力,使其对外部干扰的回应更具有效率。

                  不同感觉系统影响姿势控制的生理机制

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                    二、不同感觉系统影响姿势控制的生理机制

                    (一)视觉

                    1.视力与对比敏感度的作用:

                    视力(visual acuity)是受试者辨别物体形状、大小等二维细节的能力。2011年,美国与英国老年医学学会将优化视力写入了跌倒干预指南中,并推荐使用视力作为判定其姿势控制水平与跌倒风险的指标。Salive等学者(1991)在一项队列研究中指出,老年人视力与姿势控制能力显着相关;在调整了年龄及性别因素的影响后,视力下降依然是导致姿势不稳的危险因素。

                  决战棋牌   DANSHI,SHILIJINSHIZAIGAODUIBIDUDEHUANJINGXIADESHIJUEGONGNENG,JINNIANLAIXUDUOYANJIUTONGSHIYINRUDUIBIMINGANDUJIANCHA,YIBUCHONGQIANZHEDEBUZU。DUIBIMINGANDU(contrast sensitivity)SHIZHIJIANGWUTICONGQIBEIJINGQUFENKAILAIDENENGLI,NENGGOUGENGQUANMIANDEPINGJIASHOUSHIZHEZAIBUTONGHUANJINGXIADUIZHOUWEIWUTIDEXIANGYINGNENGLI。ZI45SUIYIHOU,DUIBIMINGANDUKAISHIXIAJIANG,QIXIAJIANGCHENGDUYUSHILIBUTONGBU[3]。DugganDENG[4]DEYANJIUXIANSHI,DUIBIMINGANDUJIANGDISHIDIEDAOHEGUZHEDEFENGXIANYINSUZHIYI;QIYUANYINKENENGZAIYUDUIBIMINGANDUJIANGDI,DUIZHOUWEIHUANJINGPANDUANBUZHUNQUE,JIERYINFALEBUZHANGBIANDUAN、BUPINZENGKUAIDENGZISHIBUWENDEZHUANGTAI。YEYOUYANJIUZHICHU,PAJINSENHUANZHEDEDUIBIMINGANDUXIANZHEXIAJIANG,BINGCHUXIANLEXIANZHEDEZISHIBUWEN,QIZHIXINCEXIANGBAIDONGFUDUZENGDA[5]。

                    2.视野的作用:

                    SHIYESUOXIAO,YOUQISHIYEWAIZHOUBUFENDESUOXIAO,SHILAONIANRENDIEDAODEWEIXIANYINSUZHIYI。JINQIDEYANJIUFAXIAN,JINSHIYEDESUOXIAOWUFAYOUFAZISHIBUWEN,ZAITONGSHIJINXINGSHIJUEGANRAOZHIHOU,LAONIANRENCAIHUICHUXIANZISHIWENDINGXINGXIAJIANG;ERTONGSHIJIANSHAOBENTIGANJUEFANKUIHOU,LAONIANRENYUQINGNIANRENJUNCHUXIANLEZISHIKONGZHINENGLIXIAJIANG[6]。GUSHIYESUOXIAODUIQINGNIANRENYULAONIANRENDEZISHIKONGZHIJUNYOUYIDINGDEYINGXIANG,DANDUILAONIANRENDEYINGXIANGGENGWEISHENKE。SHIYEDEWAIZHOUHEZHONGXINBUFENDUIZISHIKONGZHIDEYINGXIANGCHENGDUYEBUTONG,ZHEBISHIYEWAIZHOUBUFENBIZHONGXINBUFENDUIZISHIKONGZHIDEYINGXIANGGENGDA[7]。GAIXIANXIANGYETISHI,ZAIGANRAOSHIYEWAIZHOUBUFENDEQINGKUANGXIAJINXINGZISHIKONGZHIXUNLIAN,KENENGDUIGAISHANZISHIBUWENGENGYOUBANGZHU。

                    3.立体视觉的作用:

                    LITISHIJUE,YOUCHENGSHENDUZHIJUE,YOUSHUANGYANSHITUZHIJIANDECHAYISUOXINGCHENG。ZAISHIYONGZHUMIANTOUJINGGANRAOSHIJUESHENDUDEPANDUANSHI,SHOUSHIZHEBIAOXIANCHUQIANHOUXIANGDEZISHIKONGZHINENGLIJIANRUO[8]。LAONIANRENCHANGHUANYOUYANBING,LIRUBAINEIZHANG、QINGGUANGYAN、HUANGBANTUIBIANDENG,ZHEIXIEJIBINGHUIYINGXIANGLITISHIJUEDEZHUNQUEXING,JIERYINGXIANGDUIHUANJINGDEPANDUANNENGLIBINGYOUFAZISHIBUWENYUDIEDAO[9]。XUDUOWENXIANBAODAOLEPAJINSENHUANZHELITISHIJUEDETUIHUA,DANSHILITISHIJUEDUIZISHIKONGZHINENGLIDEYINGXIANGYOUXIAN。ZAOQIDEYANJIURENWEILITISHIJUEDETUIHUAYUZISHIBUWENJUYOUXIANGGUANXING,RANERChenDENG[10]RENWEILITISHIJUEJINWEIPAJINSENHUANZHEDEFEIYUNDONGZHENGZHUANG,WEIGOUCHENGDUIZISHIKONGZHIDEYINGXIANG。

                    4.视觉受损后的姿势控制代偿机制:

                  决战棋牌   ZISHIKONGZHISHENDUYILAISHIJUEDECANYU,ZAISHIQUSHIJUEXINXISHURUDEQINGKUANGXIA,QIANTINGJUEYUBENTIGANJUEDEDAICHANGKENENGBUZUYIWEICHIZISHIDEWENDING。XUDUOYANJIUZHICHU,XIAOCHUSHIJUEFANKUI,ZISHIKONGZHINENGLIHUICHUXIANXIANZHEXIAJIANG[11];DUIYUMANGRENLAISHUO,ZISHIBUWENBUNENGTONGGUOHUAIGUANJIEBENTIGANJUEDEYOUYUEXINGHUODEBUCHANG[12]。DANSHIZAIRICHANGSHENGHUOZHONG,SHIJUEZHANGAIHUANZHETONGCHANGYISHIJUENENGLIXIAJIANGWEIZHUYAOZHENGZHUANG,BINGFEISHIJUENENGLIDEWANQUANSANGSHI,YEBUYIWEIZHESHIJUEXINXIWANQUANBUKEKAO,YOUXIANDESHIJUEXINXIZAIWEICHIZISHIPINGHENGSHANGYIRANJUYOUZHONGYAOYIYI。LIRU,DUIYUXIESHIDEERTONG,SHUANGCESHIJUEXIADEZISHIKONGZHINENGLIXIANZHEGAOYUJIANCESHIJUEXIADEZISHIKONGZHINENGLI[13]。GAIZHENGJUZHICHU,YIDINGCHENGDUDESHIJUESHOUSUN,KENENGBUXUYAOQITAGANJUEDEDAICHANG。

                    JINNIANLAI,YIXIEYANJIURENYUANTONGGUOSHIJUEGANRAO,TANSUOZISHIKONGZHINENGLIDEDAICHANGXIANXIANG。KimDENG[14]FAXIAN,ZAIJIANDUANXINGSHIYEZHEDANGDETIAOJIANXIA,SHOUSHIZHEHUIZHONGXINDIAOZHENGSHIJUEZAIZISHIKONGZHIZHONGDEZUOYONG,GENGDUODEYILAIQIANTINGJUEYUBENTIGANJUEWEICHIZISHIWENDING。GAIYANJIUTISHI,ZAISHIJUEXINXIBUKEKAODEQINGKUANGXIA,KETONGGUOJIANSHAOQIDUISHIJUEXINXIDEYILAI、TIGAODUIQIANTINGJUEHEBENTIGANJUEXINXIDELIYONGDUYIXUNSUDADAOZISHIWENDINGDEMUDE。WEITANSUOSHIJUEZHONGSHUSHOUSUNHOUZISHIKONGZHINENGLIDEBIANHUA,MesureDENG[15]DUINAOZUZHONGBINGRENNAOSUNSHANGDUICESHIYEDEZHEDANG,FAXIANYINQIZISHIKONGZHINENGLIDEXIAJIANG,ZHEIKENENGSHIYOUYUBUXINRENNAOSUNSHANGTONGCEDESHIJUEXINXISUOZHI。QIDAICHANGFANGSHIYINGWEITIGAOZHONGSHUSHENJINGDUIHUANCESHIJUEXINXIDELIYONGDU,CONGERGAISHANZISHIBUWENYUDIEDAODEQINGXIANG。

                    (二)前庭觉

                    1.前庭觉的作用:

                    QIANTINGGANSHOUQISHIZISHIKONGZHIDEGANJUEXINXILAIYUANZHIYI,XIANGZHONGSHUSHENJINGXITONGTIGONGTOUBUKONGJIANDINGXIANGYUYUNDONGXINXI,CONGERGOUJIANZHENGGESHENTIDEWEIZHIYUYUNDONGDENEIBUGANZHI。ZAITOUBUDEKONGJIANDINGWEISHANG,QIANTINGJUEDEJINGDUWEI0.5DU,SHISHIJUEDE4DAO5BEI。JINQIDEYANJIUXIANSHI,SHUANGCEQIANTINGGONGNENGBUDUICHENGHUIYINFABUTAIDEGAIBIAN,RUSHUANGZHICHENGXIANGDEYANZHANG,SHOUSHIZHEXUYAOGENGZHANGDESHIJIANLAIZHONGXINHUODEZISHIWENDING,ZHEIJIANGZENGJIADIEDAODEKENENG[16];TIGAOQIANTINGJUEDEMINGANDU,RUDUANQIDEXUNIQINGJINGGANYUXUNLIAN[17],NENGGOUWEIZISHIKONGZHITIGONGGENGJIAJINGQUEDEGANJUEXINXI,CONGERGAISHANZISHIKONGZHINENGLI。TONGSHI,YUNIANQINGQUNTIXIANGBI,LAONIANRENYUPAJINSENBINGRENZAIMIANDUIQIANTINGGANSHOUQIDEZHILIUDIANGANRAOSHI,JUNBIAOXIANCHUJIAOCHADESHIYINGXING,CHUXIANZISHIKONGZHINENGLIXIAJIANG,ZHEIBIAOMINGGAIQUNTIGENGXUYAOGUANZHUQIANTINGGONGNENGDEBIANHUA[18]。

                    YIWANGTONGCHANGRENWEIXUANYUN,SHIQIANTINGJUESHOUSUNDEZHUYAOZHENGZHUANGZHIYI,HUIYINGXIANGZISHIKONGZHINENGLI。ERYOUDEXUEZHEZHICHU,XUANYUNZHENGZHUANGYUSHIJIDEZISHIKONGZHINENGLIXIAJIANGZHIJIANBUCUNZAIXIANGGUANXING[19],ZHEIKENENGSHIYOUYUXUANYUNZUOWEIZHUGUANGANSHOU,SHOUDAOXINGBIE、NIANLING、RENZHIDENGYINSUDEYINGXIANGERCHANSHENGGAOGUHEDIGUDEXIANXIANG,TONGSHIQITAGANJUEDEBUCHANGZUOYONGYEJIANGDILEXUANYUNDUIZISHIKONGZHINENGLIDEGANRAO。

                    2.前庭反射的作用:

                  决战棋牌   CHUQIANTINGJUEBENSHENDEZUOYONGWAI,QIANTINGJUECANYUDEQIANTINGFANSHEZAIKONGJIANDINGWEIHEXIEDIAOSHIJUE、BENTIGANJUEXINXIDEZUOYONGYEBUKEHUSHI。ZHANLIWEIZHIXIA,TOUBUDEQINGXIEHUIJIHUOTUOYUANNANG、QIUNANGCHANSHENGTOUBUWEIZHIXINHAO,TONGSHIJINGBUBENTIGANJUEYEBEIJIHUO,CHANSHENGJINGBU-QUGANWEIZHIXINHAO。ZHEILIANGGEXINHAOYONGYUJISUANQUGANYUKONGJIANZHONGDEWEIZHI,LIRUQUGANDEZHONGLIXIAN,TONGGUOQIANTINGJISUIFANSHEDIAOZHENGJINGBU、QUGANYUSIZHIJIROUDEJIZHANGLI,WEICHIZISHIDEWENDING。QIANTINGGONGNENGZHANGAIHUANZHEKENENGYINWEIWUFAZHENGQUEPANDUANQUGANDUIXIANERCHANSHENGZISHIBUWEN[20]。

                    TOUBUDESHUIPINGYAODONGNENGGOUCIJIBANGUIGUANCHANSHENGJIAOSUDUXINHAO,ZHONGSHUSHENJINGJIESHOUCIJIHOUHUITONGGUOQIANTINGJISUIFANSHECHANSHENGSHIJUEGUDINGCELVE,ZENGJIAJINGBUJIROUDEGONGTONGSHOUSUOYIWENDINGTOUBU,TIGAOSHIJUEDEWENDINGXING;QIANTINGYANFANSHEYECANYUQIZHONG,WENDINGYANQIUBINGBAOZHENGLEZISHIKONGZHISUOXUDEWENDINGDESHIJUEXINXI。ThompsonDENG(2013)FAXIAN,QITALINGZHANGLEIDONGWUYEHUICHUXIANLEISIDEXIANXIANG,ZAIQIANTINGXITONGSHOUSUNYIHOU,HOUZIHUICAIYONGSHANGSHUCELVEGUDINGTOUBU,WENDINGZISHI。

                    3.前庭觉受损后的姿势控制代偿机制:

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                    (三)本体感觉

                    1.本体感受器的作用:

                  决战棋牌   BENTIGANJUEJIXIEGANSHOUQI(YIXIAJIANCHENGWEIBENTIGANSHOUQI)FENBUYUJIROU、RENDAI、GUANJIENANG、GUANJIERUANGU、PIFUDENGRUANZUZHIZHONG,QIXINGTAIYUGONGNENGGEYI。ProskeHEGandevia(2012)ZHICHU,JIROUBENTIGANSHOUQIDEZUOYONGZUIDA,ZAIZISHIKONGZHIHEYUNDONGZHONGFAHUILEZHONGYAODEZUOYONG,ERGUANJIEBENTIGANSHOUQIDEZUOYONGXIANGDUIJIAOXIAO;PIFUBIAOMIANHESHENBUZUZHIDEBENTIGANSHOUQIYECANYULEGUANJIEWEIZHIDEPANDUAN,TISHIGUANJIEYUNDONGDEFANGXIANG,WEIGUANJIEWEIZHIJUETIGONGEWAIXINXI。

                    LIRU,QIANJIAOCHARENDAISILIEHOU,FENBUYURENDAIDEBENTIGANSHOUQIJIERSHOUSUN,YINFAXIGUANJIEBENTIGANJUEMINGANXINGXIAJIANGYUZISHIBUWEN。DANSHIJINQIDEmetaFENXIZHICHU,XIGUANJIEDEBENTIGANJUEXIAJIANGDEFUDUYOUXIAN,GUSITOUJIHEGUANJIENANGZHONGDEBENTIGANSHOUQIKEYIBUCHANGSHANGSHUQUESHI,XIANGGANJUEYUNDONGXITONGTIGONGGUANJIEDEYUNDONGYUWEIZHIXINXI[23]。HUAIGUANJIETIEZHANENGGOUZENGJIABENTIGANJUEDEMINGANXING,QIJIZHIKENENGZAIYUTIEZHAGAIBIANLEHUAIGUANJIEZHOUWEIDEJIXIEFUHE,WEIDUOZHONGBENTIGANSHOUQITIGONGEWAIDEJIXIECIJI,CONGERSHICHUANRUZHONGSHUSHENJINGXITONGDEGANJUEXINHAOZENGDUO[24]。JIROU、GUANJIEHEPIFUBENTIGANSHOUQISANZHEXIANGHUXIEDIAO,WEIZISHIKONGZHITIGONGFENGFUDEGANJUEXINXI,GULINCHUANGSHANGKAIZHANBENTIGANJUEDEYANJIUSHI,HENNANZUODAODUIMOUYILEIBENTIGANSHOUQIDEZHENDUIXINGYANJIU,DABUFENYANJIUFANYINGDESHIZHENGHEHOUDEBENTIGANJUEXINXIDUIZISHIKONGZHIDEZUOYONG[25]。

                    2.中枢处理的作用:

                    Ashton-MillerDENG(2001)TICHU,RUGUOBENTIGANJUEZAIZHENGGEXITONGZHONGJINCHONGDANGCHUANRUDEXINHAO,NEIMEZUOWEIXINHAODEBENTIGANJUEJIUWUFATONGGUOXUNLIANDEDAOTISHENG。ZAITAOLUNBENTIGANJUEDUIZISHIKONGZHIDEZUOYONGSHI,BUJINJINXUYAOMINGQUEBENTIGANSHOUQIDEZUOYONG,YEYINGMINGQUEZHONGSHUSHENJINGXITONGDUIDUOZHONGBENTIGANJUEXINXIDECHULIZUOYONG[25]。

                    JUTIERYAN,ZAIZISHISHOUDAORAODONGHOUDEHUIFUGUOCHENGZHONG,GETIDUIGEZHONGBENTIGANJUEXINXIJIAGONGHEXIUZHENGYIJIANLIYUNDONGFANSHE,ZHEIYIFANSHEJINGGUOBUDUANZHONGFU,ZHUJIANKUOSANDAOGENGDUONAOQU,CONGERXUNSU、SHENGLIDEWANCHENGZISHIKONGZHI。LIRU,HanDENG(2014)FAXIAN,HUAIGUANJIEBENTIGANJUEJINENGHEZUQIUYUNDONGYUANDEYUNDONGSHUIPINGCHENGXIANZHEZHENGXIANGGUANXING,GAIXIANXIANGKEJIESHIWEI,YOUXIUDEZUQIUYUNDONGYUANBENTIGANJUEXINXIZHENGHEDEXIAOLVGENGGAO,JIAOSHAODEZHONGSHUXITONGCHULIJIKEWANCHENGZISHIKONGZHIRENWU,YINCINENGGOUJIANGGENGDUODEZHONGSHUCHULIJINENGYONGYUYUDUIYOUDEPEIHE、CHUANQIUYUSHEMEN。DUIYULAONIANRENERYAN,DANGRENZHIDEXUQIUZENGJIASHI,BENTIGANJUECHENGXIAJIANGQUSHI,CONGERJIANJIEYINGXIANGDAOZISHIWENDING[26]。

                    GONGNENGXINGHECIGONGZHEN(f MRI)WEIBENTIGANJUEZHONGSHUJIZHIDEZUOYONGTIGONGLEZHIGUANDEYINGXIANGXUEZHENGJU。GobleDENG(2011)DEYANJIUJIANGHUAIGUANJIEBENTIGANJUEDEZHONGSHUCHULIYUZISHIKONGZHIDEZHIBIAOLIANXIQILAI,QIZHONGYOUCEDINGYE,EYEHEDAOYEKENENGWEIBENTIGANJUEDECHULIZHONGXIN,YONGYUCHULIQIANHOUXIANGZISHIBAIDONGDEXIANGGUANXINXI。TONGSHIZHEIXIEQUYUYEYUJIDISHENJINGJIEZHONGDEHUODONGXIANGGUAN。GAIYANJIUTISHI,SHANGSHUQUYUDEHUODONGQINGKUANGKEZUOWEIZISHIKONGZHINENGLIDEYUCEZHIBIAO。

                    3.本体感觉受损后的姿势控制代偿机制:

                  决战棋牌   BENTIGANJUESHOUSUNHOU,JITIKEYITONGGUOSHIJUEYUQIANTINGJUETUJINGDAICHANG。ZAIYIEN·WOTEMAN(Ian Waterman)DEANLIZHONG,YOUYUBENTIGANJUEQUESHI,WOTEMANWUFAWANCHENGZIZHUYUNDONG,YEWUFAWEICHIYIGETEDINGDEZISHI;MEIGEDONGZUODEZHIXINGDOUXUYAOTONGGUOSHIJUEXINXIDESHURUCAINENGGOUWANCHENG,QIEDONGZUOZHILIANGDIXIA[27]。TONGSHI,BENTIGANJUEYANZHONGSHOUSUNDEHUANZHECHANGBANYOUKONGJIANDINGXIANGKUNNAN,JUTIBIAOXIANWEIZAIKONGJIANZHONGDINGXIANGDESHIJIANYANZHANG、JINGQUEDUXIAJIANGDENG,RenaultDENG[28]TUIJIANTONGGUOSHIJUEDECANYU,MIBUKONGJIANDINGXIANGNENGLIDEBUZU。BacsiDENG(2005)ZHICHU,TONGGUOZHUDONGSHENTIWEIYIYINFAQIANTINGFANSHE,YEKEBANGZHUHUANZHEGANZHITOUBUYUQUGANDEWEIZHI,JIERBUCHANGKONGJIANDINGXIANGNENGLIDEBUZU。

                  决战棋牌   DUIYULAONIANRENERYAN,BENTIGANSHOUQIHUIYINSHUAILAODEYINGXIANGERTUIHUA,CONGERJIANSHAOLESHURUZHIZHONGSHUSHENJINGXITONGDEBENTIGANJUEXINXI。BaszczykHEMichalski(2006)RENWEI,JITIHUITONGGUOJIANGDIGANJUEYUZHIYIDAICHANGXINXILIANGDEJIANSHAO,DANSHICHUANDIZHIZHONGSHUXITONGDEZAOSHENGXINHAOHUITONGSHIZENGDUO,JIERCHANSHENGZISHIBUWEN。AfschriftDENG[29]DEYANJIUZEJINYIBUZHENGSHI,YUXIAZHIJILIDEJIANGDIXIANGBI,ZAOSHENGXINHAOSHIYOUFAZISHIKONGZHICELVEGAIBIANDEGUANJIANYINSU。TONGSHI,LAONIANRENDEZHONGSHUCHULINENGLIYEHUIYINSHUAILAOERTUIHUA。CorpDENG[30]TICHU,LAONIANRENCAIYONGLERENZHIYOUXIANDECELVE,ZAIRENZHIRONGLIANGYOUXIANDEQINGKUANGXIAFENPEIZHIZISHIKONGZHIDEZIYUANJIANSHAO,CONGERDAOZHIQIZISHIWENDINGXINGXIAJIANG,QIDAICHANGFANGSHIZAIYUYANZHANGFANYINGSHIJIAN、JIANLIBENTIGANJUEXINXICHULIYOUXIANDECELVE。

                    三、结语

                  决战棋牌   BENWENMINGQUELESHIJUE、QIANTINGJUEHEBENTIGANJUEDUIZISHIKONGZHIDEYINGXIANG。QIZHONGSHIJUETONGGUOSHILI、DUIBIMINGANDU、SHIYEYULITISHIJUE,QIANTINGJUETONGGUOQIANTINGGANSHOUQIYUQIANTINGFANSHE,BENTIGANJUETONGGUOBENTIGANSHOUQIYUZHONGSHUCHULIDETUJINGYINGXIANGZISHIKONGZHINENGLI。ZONGTIERYAN,RENHEYIZHONGGANJUECHENGFENSHOUSUNHOU,JITINENGGOUTONGGUOLINGWAILIANGZHONGGANJUEDAICHANG,TONGSHIGEGANJUEDEDAICHANGFANGSHIBUYI。BENWENYEWEILINCHUANGGONGZUOZHETIGONGLEZISHIBUWENDEBINGYINXUECANKAO,BINGBANGZHUQIGENJUBUTONGDEDAICHANGTEDIANZHENDUIXINGDESHEJIGANYUFANGAN。MUQIANGEGANJUEZAIZISHIKONGZHIZHONGDEZUOYONGYIRANTINGLIUZAIDINGXINGRENSHIJIEDUAN,GEGANJUESUOZHANBILISHANGWEIDACHENGGONGSHI。ERQIE,JISHIRENZHI、SHUAILAOYUDUOGANJUEDUIZISHIKONGZHIDEYINGXIANGYIXIANGDUIMINGQUE,QIJUTIDEZHONGSHUJIZHIRENGYOUDAIJINYIBUTANJIU。YINCI,WEILAIKEYIJINYIBUKAIZHANDUOGANJUEZAIZISHIKONGZHIZHONGZUOYONGDEDINGLIANGYANJIUYURENZHI、SHUAILAODUIZISHIKONGZHIYINGXIANGDESHENJINGYINGXIANGXUEYANJIU。

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                    陈正权,陆耀飞,韩甲.多感觉在姿势控制中的作用[J].生理科学进展,2020,51(01):46-50. 转载请注明来源。原文地址:http://gxkelong.com/html/zhlw/20200314/8282025.html   

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