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                          教育学立场“文化基因”的定义与界定

                          摘 要: 道金斯提出Meme概念,并将其定义为一种文化传播单位或模仿单位的概念之后,西方学界少有突破这一界定的,而是国内学者从哲学、文化学、民族学和人类学等多学科角度不断充实Meme和文化基因的内涵。教育与文化之间存在着一定共生共在的关系,基于教育学立场开展文化
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                            摘 要: 道金斯提出“Meme”概念,并将其定义为“一种文化传播单位或模仿单位的概念”之后,西方学界少有突破这一界定的,而是国内学者从哲学、文化学、民族学和人类学等多学科角度不断充实“Meme”和“文化基因”的内涵。教育与文化之间存在着一定共生共在的关系,基于“教育学立场”开展文化研究有其必要性和优势,而要进入教育学文化研究的核心和本质需要对“文化基因”概念进行澄清和再认识。基于教育学立场的“文化基因”概念探析,首先需要澄清其特征、功能和独特性,继而在比较分析已有概念界定的基础上给出教育学的规定性回答。概念的探析只是开启,“文化基因”的应然构成和“文化基因图谱”的构建是有待进一步深入研究的新课题。

                            关键词: “文化基因”; 中国教育学; 复制与传播; 界定;

                          决战棋牌   “WENHUAJIYIN”SHIYIGEPINFANJIANZHUBAODUANDEGAINIAN,DAZHONGDUIYU“WENHUAJIYIN”DELIJIEBINGBUCUNZAIDUODAKUNNAN,BIAODAZHESUOCHANSHUWENHUALINGYUHUOWENHUAXIANXIANGZHONGDE“JIBEN、HEXIN、BENZHI”DENEIRONG。“WENHUAJIYIN”BUJINSHIYIGEDAZHONGGAINIAN,GENGSHIYIGEXUESHUGAINIAN,QIGUANGFANDEJIENACHENGDUSHIDEYUANBENDEXUESHUYIYISHOUDAOLEYIDINGZHEBIHEHUSHI,BAOKUOYIXIEXUEZHEYEBINGBUJIANGQIZUOWEIYANJINDEXUESHUGAINIANJINXINGSHIYONG。JIAOYUYUWENHUAZHIJIANCUNZAIYIDINGCHENGDUDEGONGSHENGGONGZAIGUANXI,JIAOYUXUELINGYUKAIZHANWENHUAYANJIUJUYOUYIDINGDEBIYAOXINGHEPOQIEXING,“YUREN、CHENGREN”DEZHIGUIYEYAOQIUZHEIYANGDEYANJIUWUBISHIJIYU“JIAOYUXUELICHANG”ZHANKAI。ERYAOJINRUJIAOYUWENHUAYANJIUDEHEXINHEBENZHIJIUYOUBIYAODUI“WENHUAJIYIN”GAINIANJINXINGCHENGQINGHEZAIRENSHI,FOUZEJIUHUICHANSHENGYANJIUDUIXIANGDEBUQUEDINGXINGHEYANJIUFANWEIDESUIYIXING,CONGERYINGXIANGLEYANJIUGONGZUODEQUANMIANZHANKAI。

                            一、“文化基因”的概念引入与内涵演进

                            1859年,英国博物学家达尔文(Charles Robert Darwin)在广泛研究基础上发表了《物种起源》,推动了生物学的迅速发展,生物学也成为了自然科学的六大基础学科之一。1865年,奥地利人孟德尔(Gregor Johann Mendel)经过八年豌豆杂交试验,提出了“遗传单位是遗传因子”的论点,开启了生物学研究的新世界,生物遗传学开始逐步建立、兴起。现代生物学手段已经证实,基因(即遗传因子)是DNA分子上具有遗传效应的特定片段,支配着生命的基本构造和性能,储存着生命孕育、生长、凋亡过程的全部信息,具有物质性和信息性的双重属性。生物遗传学的兴盛和丰硕成果也给人文社会学决战棋牌者带来了新的思考和新的视角,文化学和人类学学者率先提出猜测:是否存在像基因一样表征人类文化“基本构造和性能”的基本单位呢?这个基本单位能否同基因一样储存人类文化传承发展的“全部信息”?这个基本单位能否同基因图谱绘制一样进行测定和图示,破解人类文化的深层密码?由此开始,也开启了文化基因研究的大门。

                            (一)“文化基因”概念的提出与引入

                            20SHIJI50NIANDAI,MEIGUODERENLEIXUEJIAKELUOBO(Alfred L. Kroeber)HEKELAKEHONG(Clyde Klukhohn)TICHUSHEXIANG,TONGLEIDESHENGWUJUYOUJIBENYIZHIDESHENGWUJIYIN,RENLEIWENHUASHIFOUJUYOUXIANGSHENGWUJIYINYIYANGJIBENERYOUQIYIDE“WENHUAJIYIN”NI[1]?ZHEISHIDUI“WENHUAJIYIN”GAINIANZUIZAOTICHUDESHEXIANG。1976NIAN,YINGGUODESHENGWUXUEJIADAOJINSI(Richard Dawkins)ZAIQIDAIBIAOZUO《ZISIDEJIYIN》YISHUZHONGXUANYANGDAERWENJINHUALUN,CHUANGZAOLE“Meme”(“MIMI”、“MIMU”HUO“WENHUAJIYIN”)LAIBIAODAWENHUAFUZHIDEGAINIAN,“ZHEIXIEFUZHIJIYINYUANYUANLIUZHANG。JINTIAN,WOMENCHENGTAMENWEIJIYIN,ERWOMENJIUSHITAMENDESHENGCUNJIQI”[2]。“Meme”ZHEIGEXINGAINIANDETICHU,XUNSUBEIXIFANGXUEJIEGUANGFANJIESHOUHEYINGYONG,YONGLAIBIAODAZAIWENHUAFUZHIHECHUANDIGUOCHENGZHONGFANYINGBENZHIDEYINSU、YINZI。

                            “Meme”的由来与本意。“Meme”是道金斯创造的新的词汇,他希望能有一个类似“Gene”(基因)一样单音节、容易识记的单词且具有“复制、模仿”的内涵,于是道金斯选用了将希腊语词根“mimeme”(模仿)缩写成的“meme”来表达“作为一种文化传播单位或模仿单位的概念”。无论是“Meme”的原意还是道金斯的引用,以及之后学者们的采纳,基本上都是基于文化进化论和传播学的一种文化传播和复制的研究,这也就可以理解《牛津英语决战棋牌词典》对“Meme”的解释了:“文化的基本单位,通过非遗传的方式,特别是模仿而得到传递。”

                          决战棋牌   “Meme”GAINIANYINRUZHONGGUO。1981NIAN,DAOJINSI《ZISIDEJIYIN》YISHUZAIZHONGGUOFANYICHUBAN,YINYIDE“MIMI”HENKUAIYUZHONGGUORENSUOSHUXIDE“WENHUAJIYIN”LIANXIQILAI,BINGBEIHOUZHEZUOWEIYIYISUOQUDAI。GUONEIZAOQIJINXINGWENHUAJIYINYANJIUDEZHUYAOSHIZHEXUE、WENHUAXUEHERENLEIXUEFANGMIANDEXUEZHE,MIWENPINGHELIUZHANGLIN(1988)SHIKECHAYUEDAODEZUIZAOSHIYONG“WENHUAJIYIN”YICIDEXUEZHE[3]。CIHOU,WENHUAJIYINYANJIUZAIZHONGGUOZHUJIANCHENGWEIYITIAOXINDEYANJIULUJING,BINGKAITUOLEGENGWEIKUANGUANGDEYANJIUKONGJIAN,YUELAIYUEDUODEXUEKEDOUKAISHICAIYONG“WENHUAJIYIN”DESHIJIAOHELUJINGLAISHUOMING、JIESHIQIXUEKELINGYUZHONGDEXIANXIANGHEWENTI[4]。BUZHISHIXUESHULINGYU,ZAISHEHUIMEITIFANGMIAN,“WENHUAJIYIN”YESHIYIGEBEIPINFANSHIYONGDEGAOREDUCIHUI,“XIANJINWENHUAJIYINDESHUOFAYIJINGBEIRENMENPUBIANJIESHOU”[5]。

                          教育学立场“文化基因”的定义与界定

                            (二)“文化基因”内涵的演进与辨析

                            《ZISIDEJIYIN》SHIYIBENBANKEPUXINGDEZHEZUO,DAOJINSIHUAFEIDALIANGBIMO,LIEJUXUDUODONGWUXUEDELIZHENGLAIXUANYANGDAERWENZHUYIHEJINHUALUN,“ZAIJIYINDESHUIPINGSHANGJIANG,LITAXINGWEIBIRANSHIHUAIDE,ERZISIXINGWEIBIDINGSHIHAODE。……JIYINWEIZHENGQUSHENGCUN,ZHIJIETONGTAMENDEDENGWEIJIYINJINGZHENG”[2],ZHEISHICONGJIYINCENGMIANDUI“SHIZHESHENGCUN”DESHENGWUXINGXINGWEIDECHANSHI。ZHIHOU,DAOJINSIJIANGZHEIZHONGKANFANUOYIDAORENDEDAODESHANGLAI,“ZISIDEJIYIN”SUOYINFACHUDEYIXILIEZISIDEDONGWUXINGXINGWEIJIAJULETADUIRENLEIDAODEDEDANYOU,YINCITICHULE“Meme”,“XIWANGZHEIZHONGXINDEFUZHIJIYINLAIXIUZHENGRENDELAIYUANYUSHENGWUJIYINDEDONGWUXINGXINGWEI,XIWANGYICILAIBIAOSHUQIWENHUAJINHUALUNDEXINDEXUELIRENZHI”。ZHEISHIYUSHENGWUJIYINLEIBIZHONGCHANSHENGDEWENHUAJIYINNEIHAN。

                            1998NIAN,DAOJINSIDEXUESHENGSUSHAN·BULAIKEMOER(Susan Blackmore)CHUBANLE《MIMIJIQI——WENHUAZHISHEHUICHUANDIGUOCHENGDE“JIYINXUE”》,XIWANGJIANLIYIZHONG“MIMIXUELILUN”LAIJIEDURENLEIWENHUADEJINHUA,“MIMI,DOUYIQIDUTEDEFANGSHIJINHUAERLAI,BINGGEYOUQIDUTEDEJINHUASHI。BUGUANQIJINHUAFANGSHIHUOJINHUASHIRUHE,MEIYIGEMIMIDOUSHIZAILIYONGZHENIDEXINGWEI,SHITUTONGGUONIDEXINGWEIRANGTAZISHENBEIBIERENFUZHI”[7]。BIDAOJINSILEIBIYIYISHANGDE“Meme”GENGJINYIBU,SUSHAN·BULAIKEMOERXIWANGNENGTONGGUO“MIMIXUE”DEJIANGOULAIYANJIURENLEIDEBENXING、RENLEIWENHUADEBENZHI,YIHANDESHITABINGMEINENGSHIXIANZHEIYANGDELILUNTUJING。

                          决战棋牌   ZI“Meme”CHUXIANYIHOU,XIFANGXUEZHECONGMEITINGXIEDUIQIJINXINGGAINIANJIEDINGHENEIHANCHONGSHI,OUMEIGUOJIADEXUEZHEJICHUDEDINGYIYOUSHIJIZHONG[1],QUESHIZHONGMEIYOUYUYUE“LEISISHENGWUJIYINDEWENHUAFUZHIHECHUANBOGUOCHENG”DEYIYI,POXIANDEXIAOXINJINSHEN。“Meme”DEGAINIANJINRUZHONGGUOHOUXUNSUBEI“WENHUAJIYIN”DEHANYIFUGAI,DANZHONGGUODEWENHUAJIYINDEHANYIYOUZHEGENGGUANGFANDEZHANKAI,BUZHISHIJUXIANZAIWENHUAFUZHIHECHUANBODEGUOCHENGSHANG。DUIYU“WENHUAJIYIN”NEIHANDELIJIEZHUYAOLAIZIYUSANLEIXUESHUQUNTI:

                            第一,以哲学家和理论学者为主要群体的文化基因研究,也是中国开展最早的文化基因研究。他们认为文化基因就是那些对民族文化和历史产生过深远影响的心理底层结构和思维方式,是“规定着民族文化以致整个民族历史的发展趋势和形态特征”的深刻的动因和决定因素。这是以文化基因来研究社会文化的发展与进化。

                            DIER,YIWENHUAXUEZHEWEIZHUYAOQUNTIDEWENHUAJIYINYANJIU。TAMENRENWEIWENHUAJIYINNEIZAIYUGEZHONGWENHUAXIANXIANGZHONG,SHIZAISHIJIANHEKONGJIANZHONGWENHUADEYICHUANCHENGDEJIBENLINIANHUOJIBENJINGSHEN[9]。YOUXUEZHETICHU,SUOWEIWENHUAJIYINJIUSHIJUEDINGWENHUAXITONGCHUANCHENGHEBIANHUADEJIBENYINZI、JIBENYAOSU[10]。ZHEISHICONGWENHUACHUANCHENGDEJIAODULUNSHUOWENHUAJIYINDENEIHAN。

                            DISAN,YIMINZUXUEJIAHERENLEIXUEJIAWEIZHUYAOQUNTIDEWENHUAJIYINYANJIU。RENLEIXUEZHEYANZHONGDE“WENHUAJIYIN”BINGBUSHIJIANDANDESHENGWUJINHUALUNDEJIEYU,TAMENRENWEI“RENLEIWENHUANEIBUCUNZAIZHEMOUZHONGYOULIDEYUNDONGJINENG”,“BINGJUYOUZAIQINEIBUYUNDONGZHONGDUIWENHUADEGENBENXINGDEYINGXIANG”[11],ZHEIZHONGWENHUAJIEGOUZHONGDEBENXINGYINSUKEYIZHIJIEYINGXIANGWENHUADEJIBENCUNZAI。

                            “Meme”HUOWENHUAJIYIN,ZITICHUZHIYINRUZHONGGUOSHISHUNIAN,GEGELINGYUXUEZHEZAIBUDUANDIFENGFU、SHENHUAZHEQINEIHANYIYI。ZHEIQIJIAN,YEYOUXUEZHEKAISHIDUIWENHUAJIYINYANJIUBENSHENJINXINGYUANFANSI,BINGTICHU“ZHONGGUODEWENHUAJIYINYANJIUYUGUOWAIDEMemeYANJIUDABUXIANGTONG”DEGUANDIAN[3],QIANGDIAOFUZHIHECHUANBOYIYIDE“Meme”YIYU“WENHUAJIYIN”XIANGQUSHENYUAN,HOUZHEGENGDUOKAISHIGUANZHURENLEIWENHUADEZUIWEISHENCENGCIZHONGDEPUBIANXINGHEWENHUAJIBENXINGZHIDELIJIE。

                            二、教育学立场“文化基因”的概念澄析

                            DUIYU“WENHUAJIYIN”GAINIANERYAN,MUQIANCUNZAITONGSUXINGDELIJIEHEXUESHUXINGDELIJIELIANGGEFANGXIANG。TONGSUXINGDEYIYIDADUOSHIJIANGQILIJIEWEIWENHUAZHONGDENEIHECHENGFEN,DUIZHENGTIQIZHEJUEDINGXINGZUOYONG;ERXUESHUXINGDELIJIESHANGWEIXINGCHENGPUBIANGONGSHI,BINGQIEFANWEIBIJIAOJUXIAN,YEZHISHIZAIWENHUAXUE、MINZUXUEHERENLEIXUELINGYUFASHENGJIAODUO,OUERZAIQITAXUEKELINGYUCHUXIANDE“WENHUAJIYIN”YEZHISHIJIEYONG。JIAOYUXUEMUQIANSHANGWEICHUXIANDUI“WENHUAJIYIN”BIJIAOJIZHONGDEYANJIU,ZHONGGUOZHIWANG(CNKI)JIANSUODAODESHUPIANTIJI“WENHUAJIYIN”DEJIAOYUWENXIANZHONG,YEZHISHICONGMINZUXUEHERENLEIXUENEILIDEJIEYONG,HUOSHIJIYUTONGSUXINGLIJIESHANGDEYINGYONG,JIYUJIAOYUXUELICHANGDUI“WENHUAJIYIN”GAINIANJINXINGCHENGQINGYUFENXIJUYOUYIDINGDEBIYAOXING。

                            (一)教育学文化研究的必要性与优势

                          决战棋牌   CONGXIANZAIXUEJIEGUANYUJIAOYUYUWENHUAGUANXIDEJIBENGONGSHIKEYIZHIDAO:WENHUAZHISHIZHIYUEJIAOYUDENEIRONGHESHUIPING、WENHUAMOSHIZHIYUEZHEJIAOYUMOSHI、WENHUACHUANTONGZHIYUEZHEJIAOYUDECHUANTONGYUBIANGE;TONGSHIJIAOYUJUYOUWENHUACHUANCHENGGONGNENG、WENHUAJIAOLIUYURONGHEGONGNENG、WENHUAXUANZEGONGNENGHEWENHUAPIPANYUCHUANGXINGONGNENGDENG。YIDINGCHENGDUSHANGKEYISHUO,JIAOYUYUWENHUAZHIJIANSHIGONGSHENGGONGZAIDEGUANXI,DUIWENHUADEYANJIUYINGDANGSHIJIAOYUXUEYANJIUDEJIBENHEZHONGYAOKETIZHIYI。YELANJIAOSHOUZHICHU,JIAOYUXUEDETUPOLUJINGZHIYINAISHIZHUANXIANGYANJIUZHONGZHONGJUYOUJIAOYUYIYIDE“WENHUACHUANCHENGYUCHUANGZAO”HUODONG,YING“JIJIZHUDONGDITOURUDAOWENHUAYANJIUZHONGQU”[13]。

                            JIAOYUSHIWENHUACHUANCHENGDEZHONGYAOTUJING,WENHUAZHONGDEZUIJIBENYAOSUHEHEXINNEIRONGYINCIDEYILIUCHUANQIANNIAN,JIAOYUXUEYANJIUDUIYU“WENHUAJIYIN”NEIRONGGOUCHENGDEJIEDUERYANYOUZHETIANRANDEYOUSHI。JIAOYUZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGWANCHENGLEWENHUADEXUANZE、PIPANYUCHUANGXIN,WENHUAFUZHIYUCHUANBODEMOSHIHEJIAOYUSHISHIDEMOSHICUNZAIYIDINGDEZHONGHE,JIAOYUXUEYANJIUDUIYU“WENHUAJIYIN”CHUANCHENGGUOCHENGDEJIEDUERYANYICUNZAIYIDINGYOUSHI。

                            (二)“教育学立场”进行文化基因研究的必要性

                          决战棋牌   “ZHISHIDEDUTEHERENSHIDUTEZHISHIDEFANGFADEDUTEYIJIYOUCIXINGCHENGDECUOCIXITONGDEDUTESHIXUEKEHUAJIEDEZHUYAOBIAOZHUN”[14],ERJUEDINGZHEIGEBIAOZHUNDEJISHI“XUEKELICHANG”。WULUNCONGLISHIHAISHICONGXIANSHIKAN,JIAOYUXUEDEFAZHANDOUBIXUYAOXISHOUQITAXUEKEDEZHISHIYINGYANGCHONGSHIZIJI,ER“JIAOYUXUELICHANG”BAOZHENGLEJIAOYUXUEKAIFANGXING、SHENTOUXINGHEJIAORONGXINGDETONGSHIRENGNENGJIANSHOUXUEKEDEDULIXING、BIANJIEXINGHEDUTEXING。

                          决战棋牌   “JIAOYUXUELICHANG”SHISHENMEYANGDELICHANG?ZHEIGEWENTIZAIQUANGUOJIAOYUJIBENLILUNZHUANYEWEIYUANHUI2005NIANDISHIJIENIANHUISHANGJINXINGLESHENRUDETAOLUN,HUISHANGCHUXIANLESHIYUZHONGBUTONGGUANDIANHEKANFA,GUINAQILAIZHUYAOSHIWEIRAO“RENXUELICHANG”“SHENGMINGLICHANG”“SHIJIANLICHANG”DENGZHANKAITAOLUN[15],ZUIZHONGJIESHIGUIJIEDAO“REN”DEYUANDIANSHANG,JIJIAOYUXUEYANJIUJIAOYURUHEGENGHAODE“YUREN、CHENGREN”。

                          决战棋牌   “WENHUAJIYIN”YANJIUZHANGQIYILAIDOUSHIWENHUAXUE、MINZUXUEHERENLEIXUEDEYANJIULINGYU,QITEZHENG、GONGNENG、DUTEXINGDENGFANGMIANDECHANSHIYESHIJIYUZHEIXIEXUEKELINGYUDELICHANG。JIAOYUXUEKAIZHANWENHUAYANJIU,KAIZHAN“WENHUAJIYIN”YANJIU,XUYAOXISHOUYIYOUDEZHEIXIEYANJIUCHENGGUO,XUYAOJIEJIANYICHENGDEZHEIXIEYANJIUCHENGSHI,TONGSHIGENGXUYAOJIANSHOUZISHENDEXUEKELICHANG。“JIAOYUXUELICHANG”DEWENHUAJIYINYANJIUYINGGAISHIJIYUHEXINWENHUANEIRONG、WENHUACHUANCHENGFANSHIDENGFANGMIANRUHEGENGHAODI“YUREN、CHENGREN”ERZHANKAI。“JIAOYUXUELICHANG”YINGNEIZAIDIGUANCHUANWENHUAJIYINYANJIUSHIZHONG。

                            (三)教育学立场“文化基因”呈现的特征与功能

                            WENHUAJIYINGAINIANDETICHUJISHIJIEYUSHENGWUJIYINDEYIYINEIHAN,ZIRANXUYAOJUYOUSHENGWUJIYINLEISIDETEZHENGYUGONGNENG,ZHURUYICHUANXING、WENDINGXINGHEKEBIANXING、FUZHIXING、XINXIXINGHEGUIDINGXINGDENG。WENHUAJIYINTONGSHIYEBIAOXIANCHUZISHENDUYOUDEYIXIETEZHENGYUGONGNENG,TAMENHENDACHENGDUSHANGSHIJIYU“REN”ZAIQIZHONGFAHUIDEZUOYONGERXIANXIANDE,ZIRANZHEIXIETEZHENGYUGONGNENGYEHUIZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGFANYINGZAI“YUREN、CHENGREN”DEGUOCHENGZHONG。

                            1.“文化基因”的特征

                            (1)非生物遗传性。

                          决战棋牌   SHENGWUJIYINDEYICHUANXINGSHIYIKAOSHENGZHIXIBAOWANCHENGDE,SHIQINZIDAIZHIJIANBIAOXIANCHUSHENGWUXINGZHUANGDEXIANGSI。WENHUAJIYINSHUYUFEISHENGWUYICHUAN,QIYICHUANXINGSHIYIKAO“TEDINGWENHUACHANGYUZHONGDEREN、SHEHUIYIJIGEZHONGWENHUAXIANXIANGDENG”[16]SHIXIANXINXIDETONGDAI、DAIJICHUANDI。JIAOYUSHIWENHUAJIYINFEISHENGWUYICHUANDEZHUYAOTUJING,XINXIDETONGDAI、DAIJICHUANDIGUOCHENGHENDACHENGDUSHANGJIUSHIJIAOYUDEGUOCHENG。“YOURENHUAWEN,YIWENHUAREN”,WENHUAJIYINDEFEISHENGWUYICHUANMOUZHONGCHENGDUSHANGYEJIUCHENGLEWENHUADE“YUREN、CHENGREN”。

                            (2)物质性与精神性。

                            WENHUAJIYINDEWUZHIXINGYUJINGSHENXINGSHIDUILITONGYIDECUNZAI。QIYI,WENHUAJIYINZAIWENHUACHUANCHENGGUOCHENGZHONGXUYAOYIYIDINGDEWUZHIXINGSHICUNZAI,WULUNSHIWENZI、QIWU、JIANZHU,SHENZHISHICHENGXU、YISHIDENG;QIER,WENHUAJIYINSUOGUIDINGDEBENZHIXINGXINXIGENGDUOSHIYIZHONGJINGSHENXINXI。WENHUAJIYINCHUANCHENGGUOCHENGZHONG,BUTONGSHIDAIRENJIEDUHELIJIEDESHIQIWUSUOCHENGZAIDEJINGSHENNEIHAN,SHIWENZISUOJISHUDEYIYIYIJING,SHICHENGXU、YISHISUOGUIDINGDETAIDUQINGGANDENG。ZHEIYEJIUSHISHUO,WENHUAJIYINDEWUZHIXINGHEJINGSHENXINGZUIZHONGTONGYIYU“REN”,“REN”SHIWENHUAJIYINHUOTAIYANXUDEKEKAOBAOZHANG,“YUREN、CHENGREN”JISHIWENHUAJIYINHUOTAIYANXUDEGUOCHENG。

                            (3)主体选择性。

                          决战棋牌   WENHUALILAISHIYIGEZHONGXINGCI,YEJIUSHISHUOZAIRENLEIFENGFUDEGUJINZHONGWAIWENHUAZHONGYOUJINGHUA,YIYOUZAOPO,DOUYOUBEILISHIZHANGHESUOCHONGSHUADIAO,YEDOUYOUBEICHENDIANXIA,KEWEI“NISHAJUXIA”。DANSHI“RENMENKEYIZAICHUANDIHEFUZHIWENHUADEGUOCHENGZHONGXUANZE、‘GAISHAN’ZIJIDEWENHUA”[17],ZHEIQUJUEYURENDEZHUGUANNENGDONGXINGHEYISHIFAZHANSHUIPING,YEQUJUEYUSHIDAIDEZHULIUJIAZHIGUANNIAN。RENDEZHUGUANNENGDONGXINGDEDIAODONG、YISHIFAZHANSHUIPINGDETIGAOHENDACHENGDUSHANGSHIJIAOYUSUOJUEDINGDE,YEJIUSHISHUO“YUREN、CHENGREN”CHENGDURUHE,ZHUTIXUANZEXINGJIUHUIRUHECHENGDUFAHUI。

                            (4)多维性。

                            SHENGWUJIYINZHINENGYOUFUBEIYICHUANJIZIBEI,SHIYIWEIDE、DANXIANGDE,ERWENHUAJIYINZEBUXIANGTONG,JUYOUDUOWEIXINGTEZHENG。WENHUAJIYINZAIDAIJIJIAN、TONGDAINEICHUANDIKEYISHIDUOXIANGHUDONGDE,YIZHONGWENHUAKEYICUNZAIYUBUTONGDESHEHUIZHONG,YIRENSHENSHANGYEKEYITIXIANCHUDUOZHONGBUTONGDEWENHUA,WENHUAJIYINDEDUOWEIXINGSHIDEWENHUACHUANBO“KEYIZAIBUTONGDIQU、MINZUHESHEHUIZHONGDEHAOWUGANXIDERENHERENZHIJIANJINXING”[18],ERZHICHENGWENHUAJIYINDUOWEIXINGTEZHENGDEYISHIXIANDEZHENGSHIRENDEJIAOYU,SHI“MINERHAOXUE,BUCHIXIAWEN”、“SANRENXING,BIYOUWOSHIYAN”、“WENDAOYOUXIANHOU,SHUYEYOUZHUANGONG”DEWEIXUE、WEIJIAOXINNIAN。

                            (5)静态与动态。

                            WENHUAJIYINDELINGYIDUILITONGYIDETEZHENGJISHIJINGTAIYUDONGTAI。WENHUAJIYINDEWUZHIXINGYUJINGSHENXINGXIANGDUIERYANSHIJINGTAIDECHENGXIAN,ERWENHUAJIYINDEZHUDONGXUANZEXING、DUOWEIXING,TEBIESHIDAOJINSISUOQIANGDIAODE“FUZHIYUCHUANBO”(HUOYUE“WENHUACHUANCHENG”)ZESHIDONGTAIDECHENGXIAN。JIYUJIAOYUXUELICHANGDE“WENHUAJIYIN”YANJIU,JINGTAIYUDONGTAIDEDUILITONGYITEZHENGSHIBIYAODE,YEZHIYOU“YUREN、CHENGREN”DEJIAOYUHUODONGCAINENGSHIXIANWENHUADEDONGJINGHEYI。

                            2.“文化基因”的功能

                            (1)文化基因保证了文化特质。

                            LISHIDESHISHISHUOMING,WULUNSHIWENHUADEJICHENG,HAISHIWENHUADECHUANCHENG,BUTONGWENHUANENGGOUBAOZHENGZISHENDETEZHIBUBIAN,BAOCHIZHEZISHENDEFAZHANZOUXIANGHEQUSHI,QIGENBENYUANYINJIUSHIWENHUAJIYINSHIRAN。WENHUAFAZHANBUCUNZAI“YUHOUCHUNSUN”XIANXIANG,RENHEYIGESHIDAIDEWENHUADOUSHIZAIQIANDAIJICHUSHANGFAZHANQILAIDE,SHIDUIWENHUABENZHINEIHANDEJIEXU,QIJIANCHENGXIANSHANGDEBUTONGYESHIJINGLILEMANZHANGDEXISHOU、GAISHANHECHAOYUEDEGUOCHENG,QIJIANDUIBAOCHIWENHUATEZHIFAHUIZHONGYAOZUOYONGDEJIUSHI“WENHUAREN”DUITEZHIDEJIANCHIHEJIANSHOU。

                            (2)文化基因是民族认同的文化纽带与价值表征。

                            XIANDAIMINZUGAINIANKEYISHIYIGUOJIAQUFENDEGAINIAN,YEKEYISHIJIYUGONGTONGWENHUADEGAINIAN。WENHUAJIYINDEYIXIANGJIBENZUOYONGJIUSHIBIAOSHIWENHUANEIBUDECHENGYUANSHENFEN,FAHUITONGLEININGJUDEGONGNENG,XINGCHENGMINZUGONGSHIYURENTONG,YIJI“RENTONGDELILIANG”。ZHENGSHIYOULEZHEIYINEIHESHIGONGNENGDECUNZAI,GECHENGYUANCAIBIAOXIANCHUDUISUOZAIGONGTONGTIDERENTONGHEGUISHU,RENLEICAIFENCHULEBUTONGDEMINZU。

                            (3)文化基因还起到规范人的行为、规制社会走向的功能。

                            “RENDEWENHUAXINGSHIZAIWENHUAJICHENGHEWENHUAJIAOLIUZHONGSUOXINGCHENGDEJINGSHENXING”[1],QIZHONGBAOHANDEJIAZHIBIAOZHUN、DAODEGUIFAN、XINGWEIZHUNZE、QINGGANYIZHIDENGYIJINGZHIGENZAIRENDENEIXIN,QIANYIMOHUADIYINGXIANGZHERENMENDESIWEIFANGSHI,BINGCONGNEIZAIDUIRENDEXINGWEIJINXINGZHEJIANDUHEYUESHU。RENLEITONGGUOZISHENDEXINGWEICHUANGZAOCHUGENGYOULIYUZISHENFAZHANDEHUANJING——SHEHUI,WENHUAJIYINTONGYANGGUIZHIZHESHEHUIDEFAZHANZOUXIANG,SHIQIGENGJIAYOULIYUZHUTIDESHENGCUN、FAZHANHEWANSHAN。

                            (四)教育学立场“文化基因”呈现的独特性

                            其一,教育学立场的“文化基因”是传统文化和文化传统一定程度上的统一。

                            ZHONGGUODEJIAOYUWENHUAYUANYUANLIUZHANG,CHUYUHEXINWEIZHIDESHIYUJIAOYUXIANGGUANDESIXIANG、YISHI、GUANNIANDENG,XUDUOSHENSUIDE、ZHENLIXINGDESIXIANGCHUANCHENGSHUQIANNIANWEICENGDUANLIU,YIRANSHENKEYINGXIANGZHEDANGDAIDEJIAOYUSHIJIAN,QIZHONGRUJIAJIAOYUWENHUAZUIJUDAIBIAOXING。ZHONGGUOJIAOYUXUEDEWENHUAJIYINNEIHANZHECHUANTONGJIAOYUWENHUADEJINGSUI,SHIQICHUANGSHENG、FAZHANDEGENYUANMINGMAIZHIYI,FANSHILUNJI“ZHONGGUOJIAOYUXUE”HUATIDELUNZHE,JIHUDOUYAOCHANSHUCHUANTONGWENHUA,TEBIESHICHUANTONGJIAOYUWENHUAZHEIYIBUFENNEIRONG。

                            ZHONGGUOCHUANTONGJIAOYUWENHUAZAIJINRIYIRANNENGCHENGXIANRUCIPENGBODESHENGMINGLI,YUJIAOYUWENHUACHUANTONGMIBUKEFEN。YOUXUEZHETICHU“JIAOYUXUECHUANTONG”ZHEIYIGAINIANYONGLAIBIAODAJIAOYUXUEFAZHANLICHENGZHONGDESIXIANGTIXI、JIAZHIGUANNIAN、YANJIUFANCHOU、YANJIUFANSHI、ZHISHITIXIDENGXIANGGUANNEIRONGDEJIHE,SHIJIAZHIHEYIYIDEJIEHE[20]。BIZHERENWEI,ZHENGRUJIAOYU、JIAOYUXUEYUWENHUAZHIJIANGUANXIMIBUKEFENYIYANG,JIAOYUXUECHUANTONGYUWENHUACHUANTONGZHIJIANYECUNZAIZHEQIANSIWANLVDELIANXI,JINGUANSHUYULIANGGEBUTONGDEFANCHOU,DAN“JIAOYUXUECHUANTONGDEGUZILITIXIANCHULEWENHUACHUANTONGDEJIAZHITEZHENG”[20],JIAOYUWENHUACHUANTONGZHENGSHILIANGZHEDEJIAOJI。XUDUOCHUANTONGWENHUAZAIJINRIRENGYOUSHENGMINGLI,ZUYISHUOMINGQICHUANCHENGZHONGWENHUACHUANTONGDEWENGU。

                            PANGPOCENGJINGZHUANMENZHUANWENFENXILEWENHUACHUANTONGYUCHUANTONGWENHUADEGUANXI,RENWEIWENHUACHUANTONGSHIXINGERSHANGZHIDAO,CHUANTONGWENHUASHIXINGERXIAZHIQI,DAOBULIQI,QIBULIDAO。JIAOYUXUELICHANGDE“WENHUAJIYIN”YINGDANGNULISHIXIANPANGPOSUOYANDEDAOQIHEYI,WENHUACHUANTONGSHIWENHUADELIUJING,SHIWENHUADEXUEMAI,ERCHUANTONGWENHUATEBIESHIYOUXIUDECHUANTONGWENHUAZESHIQIZHONGDELIUSHUIHEJINGXUE,LIANGZHEHUWEICHUNCHI。

                            其二,中国教育学的文化基因有着中华文化和西方文化的双源头。

                            “JIAOYUXUESHI‘BOLAIPIN’”ZHEIYIGUANDIANJIBENSHIXUEJIEGONGSHI。ZUOWEIXUEKEHUOKEXUEZHISHITIXI,JIAOYUXUESHIWANWANQUANQUANDEXIFANGWENHUACHANWU,SHIQINGMO“FEIKEJU、XINGXUEXIAO”ERYINJINDESHIFANJIAOYU“BIXUPIN”,BINGQIEZHANGJIUYILAIYIZHICUNZAIZHEDUIXIFANGJIAOYUXUEDE“ZHUISUI”ZHUANGTAI、“ZUNFENG”XINTAI,WOMENBIXUCHENGRENBINGJIESHOUJIAOYUXUEDEXIFANGWENHUAGENYUANZHEIYISHISHI,BINGQIEZAIJINHOUDEJIAOYUXUEYANJIUZHONGRENGHUIHENDACHENGDUSHANGSHOUDAOXIFANGWENHUADEYINGXIANG。

                            RANERZAIBUTONGDEWENHUAZHONG,JIAOYUXUEDOUHUIGENJUSUOZAIDIYUDESHIJIQINGKUANGJINXINGYIDINGDEBENTUHUADIAOZHENG。JIAOYUXUEYOUQIYIBANXING、YUANLIXINGNEIRONG,DANPUSHIDE、HUAYIDEJIAOYUXUESHIBUSHIJI,YESHIBUKENENGDE,BUKAOLVWENHUABEIJINGHESHIJIANJICHUDE“TAOYONG”BIRANSHIQUEFASHENGMINGLIDE,ZHEIYESHIJIAOYUXUE“ZHONGGUOHUA”CHENGWEICHIXUGUANZHUHEYANJIUHUATIDEYUANYINZHIYI。

                            CONG“JIAOYUXUEZHONGGUOHUA”DAO“ZHONGGUOJIAOYUXUE”,BUJINJINSHIGAINIANBIAOSHUDEBIANHUA,YIDINGYIYISHANGYESHIXUESHUMINGTISHANGDECHAOYUE。JIAOYUXUEYANJIUKAISHIGENGJIAZHONGSHICHUANTONGJIAOYUSIXIANGHEJIAOYUWENHUADEJINSHIYIYI,KAISHIJIEXUMIHEYUYOUXIUCHUANTONGWENHUADEDUANGE,KAISHIJIHUOYUELAIYUEDUOWENHUAJIYINZHONGDE“ZHONGGUO”YINZI。ZHONGGUOJIAOYUXUESHIJIAOYUXUEJINRUZHONGGUOHOUDEZAICISHENGGENFAYA,SHIFENGFUDEGUDAIJIAOYUSIXIANGCHUANCHENGZHIJINDEXINXINGTAIZHANXIAN。

                          决战棋牌   CONGLAIYUANSHANGJIANG,ZHONGGUOJIAOYUXUEDEWENHUAJIYINYOUZHEXIFANGWENHUADEYUANTOU,YEYOUZHEZHONGHUAWENHUADEYUANTOU,BIANZHILEWENHUAJIYINZHONGXUDUOYIBANXINGDENEIRONG,DANZHONGHUAWENHUADEYUANTOUWEITATIGONGLEGENGDUODUTEXING、SHIYINGXINGDENEIRONG。

                            三、教育学立场“文化基因”的概念界定

                          决战棋牌   “WENHUAJIYIN”YINRUGUONEIXUEJIE,SHOUXIANJIUSHIZAIWENHUAXUE、MINZUXUEHERENLEIXUELINGYUKAIZHANXIANGGUANYANJIU,DUIYUQIGAINIANYIYIYEZHANGWOZHE“JINSHUILOUTAI”DEYOUXIANJIESHIQUAN,MUQIANYEXINGCHENGLEJIZHONGJIESHOUDUBIJIAOGAODEYIYIJIESHI,ZAIJIAOYUXUEKEDEYANJIUZHONGYEJINGCHANGBEIZHIJIEYINYONG,RUSUNJIEYUAN、LIFANGAN、GAODI[22]DENGXUEZHEDEWENZHANGZHONG,DUIYU“WENHUAJIYIN”DEJIESHIJIBENZHIJIELAIZIYUMINZUXUEHERENLEIXUEDEJIEDING,KEJIANJIAOYUXUEYIDINGCHENGDUSHANGSHIRENKEDANGQIAN“WENHUAJIYIN”GAINIANJIESHIDE。LINGYOUXUEZHEDESHIYONGZEQINGXIANGYUDUI“WENHUAJIYIN”TONGSUXINGYIYIDELIJIE,JIWENHUAZHONGDEJIBEN、HEXIN、BENZHIDENEIRONG。

                          决战棋牌   GAINIANDEJIEYONGBENSHIPINGCHANGSHI,ZHEIYOULIYUXUEKEJIANKUAJIEJIAOLIUHUDONG,YEYOULIYUXUEKEZHISHIDEFAZHAN。GAINIANDEJIEYONGSHIFOUCAIYONG“NALAIZHUYI”?HUOJIANGPUJICHENGDUJIAOGAODEXUESHUGAINIANZUOTONGSUYIYILIJIE?BIZHERENWEI,RENHEGAINIANDEJIEYONGDOUYINGJIANCHIXUEKELICHANGHEXUEKESIWEI,YINGGAIXINGCHENGYOUZIJILICHANGDENEIHANLIJIE,ZHEIYESHIKAIZHANJIAOYUXUELICHANGDE“WENHUAJIYIN”YANJIUDEDIANJIXINGGONGZUO。

                            (一)已有“文化基因”概念的分析

                          决战棋牌   “WENHUAJIYIN”LAIYUANYUXIFANG“Meme”GAINIANYOUBUCHUNCUISHI“BOLAIPIN”,CONGYIYOUDEGAINIANJIEDINGWOMENKEYIMINGXIANDEGANJUEDAO“ZHONGXIHEBI”DEYIWEI。DAOJINSIDE“Meme”SHIYIZHONGWENHUAJINHUALUNHEWENHUACHUANBOXUEDEJIEDING,GUANZHU“WENHUAFUZHIHECHUANBOGUOCHENG”。GUONEIJIAOZAODUI“WENHUAJIYIN”JINXINGJIEDINGDESHIZHEXUELINGYUDEXUEZHE,LIUZHANGLINRENWEI“WENHUAJIYINJIUSHINEIXIEDUIMINZUDEWENHUAHELISHIFAZHANCHANSHENGGUOSHENYUANYINGXIANGDEXINLIDICENGJIEGOUHESIWEIFANGSHI”。ZHEIGEJIEDINGBIJIAOJIANJIE、QINGXI,SHICONGMINZUWENHUAHESHEHUILISHIFAZHANJINCHENGDABEIJINGDEJIAODUJINXINGDECHANSHU,XIANGDUIERYANBIJIAOHONGGUAN。BIWENBOZHICHU,“NEIZAIYUGEZHONGWENHUAXIANXIANGZHONG,BINGQIEJUYOUZAISHIJIANHEKONGJIANSHANGDEYICHUANCHENGHEZHANKAINENGLIDEJIBENLINIANHUOJIBENJINGSHEN,YIJIJUYOUZHEIZHONGNENGLIDEWENHUABIAODAHUOBIAOXIANXINGSHIDEJIBENFENGGE,JIAOZUO‘WENHUAJIYIN’”[9]。XIANGBIJIAOERYAN,BIWENBODEJIEDINGGENGJIAWANZHENG、XITONGHEJUTI,QIHEXINSHI“JIBENLINIANHUOJIBENJINGSHEN”,BINGYIYIDINGDE“JIBENFENGGE”DEYI“CHUANCHENGHEZHANKAI”,JUYOUYIDINGDE“NEIWAI”“JINGDONG”TONGYIXING。ZHAOCHUANHAIZAICIJICHUSHANGRENWEI“CHUANTONGWENHUASHIWENHUADEGENJI,WENHUACHUANTONGSHIWENHUADEXUEMAI,WENHUAJIYINZESHIXIANHUODEWENHUACHUANTONGHEKENENGFUHUODECHUANTONGWENHUADETONGYI,SHIWENHUADAIJICHUANDIDEJIBENNIUDAI”[1]。ZHEIYIBIAOSHUBUJINGUANZHUDAO“WENHUAJIYIN”ZUOWEIWENHUACHUANTONGHECHUANTONGWENHUADEGUANLIANYUHEYIXING,YOUJIARULE“QIANZAI”WENHUADEYI“XIANXIAN”DEKENENGXINGNEIRONG,QIANGDIAO“WENHUAJIYIN”DAIJICHUANDIGONGNENGXINGDEGUANJIANZUOYONG。ZHAOJINGRENWEI,“WENHUAJIYINZUOWEIWENHUACHUANDIDEJIBENDANWEI,CUNZAIYUGEZHONGWENHUAXIANXIANGDENEIBU,SHIZAIRENLEIWENMINGFAZHANDEJINCHENGZHONG,ZHUBUXINGCHENGDESHEJICHULIRENYUZIRAN、RENYUREN、RENYUSHEHUIDEXIANGHUGUANXIDESIWEIFANGSHIHUOJIAZHIGUANDEZONGHE,TASHIFANYINGMOUZHONGWENHUADEYIZHONGBENZHITEZHENGDEYINSU、YINZI”。ZHEIGEJIEDINGSHEJIDAOLE“WENHUAJIYIN”GOUCHENGDEJIBENNEIRONG,XIANGBIJIAOBIWENBODE“JIBENLINIAN、JIBENJINGSHEN、JIBENFENGGE”YAOGENGWEIJUTIYIXIE,MINGQUELE“SIWEIFANGSHI、JIAZHIGUAN、JUTIHEXINWENHUA”DENGJIGEFANGMIAN,BINGQIANGDIAOLE“WENHUAJIYIN”NEIZAIXINGBIAOXIAN。

                            (二)教育学立场“文化基因”概念的规定性界定

                          决战棋牌   QIANGDIAOJIAOYUXUELICHANGYOUYIXIAJIGEYUANYIN:SHOUXIAN,YIGEGAINIANDEHEXINNEIHANYINGGAISHIPUSHIXINGDE,DANGAINIANDEYIYIYUWAIYANZEYINGGAIQIANGDIAOSHIYONGXING。WOMENZANCHENGRENHEYIGEGAINIANSHUYUDEDINGYIYINGGAIJUYOUQUANWEIXINGHEGANGLINGXING,TONGSHIYEYINGDANGYUNXUGAINIANJIEDINGDEGUIDINGXING,ERGUIDINGXINGDINGYIWANGWANGSHIJIYUYANJIUZHEXUEKEBEIJINGHEXUEKELICHANG。QICI,WOMENFANDUIXUESHUZHISHIDE“NALAIZHUYI”,ZHONGGUOJIAOYUXUEBAINIANLICHENGDEJINGYANGAOSUWOMEN,“ZUNFENG”HE“NALAIZHUYI”HUANBULAIXUEKEFAZHANDEFANRONGCHANGSHENG,RENHEGAINIANHEZHISHIDOUYINGDANGSHIJIYUXUEKELICHANGDE“WEIWOSUOYONG”。ZUIHOU,MINGQUEJIBENGAINIANDENEIHANYUWAIYANSHIWEIZHIHOUJINYIBUSHENRUYANJIUDAXIADEBIYAOJICHU。XUEKELICHANGSHIYANJIUZHUTIDEZIWOJUEXINGHEWENTIYANJIUDELIZUDIAN,TONGSHIYESHITIXIAN“XUEKECHAYIDEZHONGYAOZHIBIAO”[25]。

                            GAINIANDINGYIDEFANGSHIYOUHENDUO,BIJIAOJINGDIANDEHEYINGXIANGBIJIAOGUANGFANDEYOU“SHU+ZHONGCHA”DEFANGSHIHEXIEFULEDESANZHONGDINGYIFANGSHI。TONGGUODUI“WENHUAJIYIN”HUO“Meme”GAINIANNEIHANDESHULIHETEZHENGDEFENXI,WOMENGENGJIAQINGXIANGYUCHANGSHIJICHUJIYUJIAOYUXUELICHANGDEGUIDINGXINGDINGYI,SHIWEIFUWUYUZAICILUJINGSHANGNENGGOUJIXUSHENRUYANJIUDEJIEDING。(1)WENHUAJIYINSHIWENHUAZHONGQIJUEDINGZUOYONGDEJIBENDANYUAN,JUYOUHENGDINGXING,YINEIHEXINGSHICUNZAIYUWENHUAFAZHAN、CHUANCHENGDEZHUANGTAIYUGUOCHENGZHONG;(2)WENHUAJIYINBAOHANZHEWENHUAFAZHAN、CHUANCHENG、GAIZAOCHUANGXINDENGGUOCHENGDEJUEDINGXINGXINXI,BINGZHIPEIZHEWENHUADEJIBENGOUXINGHEXINGNENG,SHIZHUANGTAIYUGUOCHENGDEZHENGTIXINGHEYI;(3)GONGSHENGGONGZAIDEGUANXIJUEDINGLEGUANGYIDEJIAOYUSHIWENHUAFAZHAN、CHUANCHENG、GAIZAOCHUANGXINDEZHONGYAOLUJING,FAHUIZHEJIBENNIUDAIDEGONGNENG,JIZHONGTIXIANZAIJIAOYUDE“YUREN、CHENGREN”GUOCHENGZHONG;(4)WENHUAJIYINSHIWUZHIXINGYUJINGSHENXINGDETONGYI,JISHIWUZHIXINGDECUNZAI,GENGZHUZHONGJINGSHENXINGDEJIEDU,ZUIZHONGTONGYIYU“REN”,ZHEISHIWENHUAJIYINNEIRONGJIEGOUDEJICHU。

                            四、余论

                            CONG“WENHUAJIYIN”DEGAINIANYINRUHENEIHANYANJINGUOCHENGKEYIKANCHU,“MOFANG”SHENGWUYICHUANXUEDE“JIYIN”LAIJIESHIRENLEIWENHUAXIANXIANGSHIQICHUZHONG,BINGQIEZAIYIYIKUOCHONGDEGUOCHENGZHONGYEBUDUANDIZHONGHUI“JIYIN”GAINIANXUNZHAOQIFA。SHENGWUJIYINGOUCHENGJUYOUGUILVXINGDEBIANZU,KE“WENHUAJIYIN”HENNANZHAODAOXIANG“JIANJIDUI”NEIYANGDEWUZHI,ZHEIYEZAOCHENGLE“WENHUAJIYIN”GOUCHENGSHANGDEYIJIANZHENGLUN。

                            (一)“文化基因”的应然构成需要哪些内容

                            “WENHUAJIYIN”NEIHANYANJINDEGUOCHENGZHONG,BUTONGXUEKELINGYUJICHULEZIJIDEJIANJIE,ZHEXUELINGYUQIANGDIAOXINLIDICENGJIEGOUHESIWEIFANGSHI,WENHUAXUELINGYUQIANGDIAOGOUCHENGWENHUADEZUIJIBENYINSU,MINZUXUEHERENLEIXUEQIANGDIAOWENHUACHUANCHENGGUOCHENGZHONGDEDONGLIJINENG,DENGDENG。JIAOYUYUWENHUAJUYOUYIDINGGONGSHENGGONGZAIGUANXIHEXIANGHUZUOYONG,WU“WENHUA”JIAOYUZECHENGWUMIZHICHUIDEQIAOFU,WU“JIAOYU”WENHUAZECHENGWUJINGKELIUDESISHUI,JIAOYUXUERUOKAIQI“WENHUAJIYIN”DEYANJIU,LIYINGJICHUZIJIDUI“WENHUAJIYIN”YINGRANGOUCHENGDESIKAO。

                          决战棋牌   CONGJIAOYUSHIWEILE“YUREN、CHENGREN”JIAODUCHUFA,“WENHUAJIYIN”ZHISHAOYINGGAIBAOHANJIAZHIQUXIANG、SIWEIFANGSHIHEHEXINWENHUANEIRONGSANGEFANGMIAN。DANZHEIZHISHIJINGTAIDENEIRONG,RUOYONG“CHUANTONGWENHUA”HUO“WENHUACHUANTONG”DEGAINIANYEKEYIRUCIBIAODA,WUFATIXIANCHU“WENHUAJIYIN”DEHEYIHEZHENGTIXING,YINCI,“FUZHIYUCHUANBO”DEDONGTAIMOXINGYEYINGSHI“WENHUAJIYIN”DENEIRONGGOUCHENG。DANZHEIZAIMUQIANYEZHISHISILUDEKAIQI,JIANSUODAODEWENXIANZHONGYEZHISHISHAOSHUTIDAOWENHUAJIYIN“KEYIXIANGSHENGWUJIYINTUPUYIYANGLAIJINXINGBIAOSHUHEYANJIU”[5]JIANGOUQIFUZHIYUCHUANBODEDONGTAIMOXING。

                            (二)“文化基因图谱”构建的可能性是否存在

                            SUIRANYOUXUEZHETICHU“XIANGSHENGWUJIYINTUPUYIYANGLAIJINXINGBIAOSHUHEYANJIU”,DAN“WENHUAJIYINTUPU”YUSHENGWUJIYINTUPUSHICUNZAIGENBENXINGCHABIEDE,QIGOUJIANDEKENENGXINGRENGRANXUYAOSHENRUYANJIU、YANZHENG。

                          决战棋牌   SHENGWUJIYINDETUPUYOUZHEKEGUANXING、JUEDUIXINGTEDIAN,SHENGWUJINHUALUNYEBIAODACHUWENDINGSHICHANGTAI,JINHUASHILIANGBIANDELEIJIJIEGUO,YINCI,ZHIXUJISHUSHOUDUANDADAOZUGOUSHUIPING,JIEXISHENGWUJIYINTUPUBINGFEIBUKEGONGKE。“WENHUAJIYIN”ZECUNZAIHENDABUTONG,DUIQIJIBENGOUCHENGNEIRONGSHANGCUNZHENGYI,KEYIYUJIANGOUJIANTUPUDEZHENGLUNSHENGYINHUIGENGDUO,DANBIZHERENWEIQIGOUJIANDEKENENGXINGYIRANCUNZAI。QIYI,WENHUAXUEZHONG,WENHUADEQIYUAN、YANBIAN、CHUANBO、JIEGOU、GONGNENGHEBENZHISHIQIYANJIUDEJIZHONGWENTI,ZHEIWEIWENHUAJIYINTUPUTIGONGLE“ZUCHENG”SHANGDEKENENGXING;QIER,WENHUAJIYINDEJIBENMINGTIJIUSHIYANJIUWENHUADE“FUZHIYUCHUANBO”,GOUJIANQIMOSHIHUADEFENXIJIEGOUYINGGAICHENGWEIZHEIYIMINGTIDEZHONGYAONEIRONGZHIYI;QISAN,JIAOYUYUWENHUADEGONGSHENGGONGCUNGUANXI,KEYITONGGUOJIAOYUDELISHIYANJIUYUXIANZHUANGYANJIU,FENXI“FUZHIYUCHUANBO”DEJIBENYANGSHI,WEIWENHUAJIYINTUPUDEGOUJIANTIGONG“YANJIUYANGBEN”。

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                            皇甫科杰.教育学立场的“文化基因”概念探析[J].教育导刊,2020(02):5-12. 转载请注明来源。原文地址:http://gxkelong.com/html/zhlw/20200314/8282026.html   

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