决战棋牌

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                      1. 新中国成立70年农村经济体制改革的的实践路径

                        大一政治经济学论文热门推荐10篇之第六篇:新中国成立70年农村经济体制改革的的实践路径 纵观人类社会经济发展的历史,农业现代化通常选择两种不同的实践路径。一种是在土地私有制的基础上,通过剥夺农民的方式实现农业的规模化经营,建立起资本主义现代农业;另一种是
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                        大一政治经济学论文热门推荐10篇之第六篇:新中国成立70年农村经济体制改革的的实践路径

                          纵观人类社会经济发展的历史,农业现代化通常选择两种不同的实践路径。一种是在土地私有制的基础上,通过剥夺农民的方式实现农业的规模化经营,建立起资本主义现代农业;另一种是在土地公有制的基础上,通过将农民组织起来的方式实现农业的规模化经营,建立起社会主义现代农业。我国的社会主义国家性质决定中国农业现代化不是走向资本剥夺农民的发展道路,而是选择一条具有中国特色的农业合作之路。

                          新中国成立70年农村经济体制改革的历史逻辑

                        决战棋牌   XINZHONGGUOCHENGLICHUQI,WEIXUNSUHUIFUHEFAZHANGUOMINJINGJI,DANGHEZHENGFUYIJU《ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOTUDIGAIGEFA》,ZAIQUANGUOFANWEINEICAIQUFENQIFENPICIDEFANGSHIYOUJIHUADIKAIZHANTUDIGAIGE。JIEZHI1953NIANCHUNJI,TUDIGAIGEJIBENWANCHENG。JINSANYINONGMINFENDE"7YIMUTUDI,300WANTOUGENGCHU,4000WANJIANNONGJU,3800WANJIANFANGWU,53YIGONGJINLIANGSHI".XINZHONGGUOTONGGUOTUDIGAIGEJIANLIQIJIYUJIANDANSHANGPINJINGJIDEGETINONGYESHENGCHANFANGSHI,SHIGUANGDAPINKUNNONGMINHUODETUDI、NONGJU、GENGCHUDENGDALIANGNONGYESHENGCHANZILIAO,BIJIAOCHEDIDICUIHUINONGCUNFENGJIANZHUYISHENGCHANGUANXI,DAPOFENGJIANTUDISUOYOUZHIDUINONGYESHENGCHANLIDEYANZHONGSHUFU,CHONGFENDIAODONGNONGMINSHENGCHANJIJIXINGBINGSHIXIANNONGCUNJINGJIDEHUIFUHEFAZHAN。

                        政治经济

                          土地改革后,针对个体农业中重新出现的阶层两极分化现象和农业互助组涣散、萎缩的趋势,国家在巩固和发展农业互助组织的基础上,先后引导农民发展具有半社会主义性质的初级农业合作社、具有社会主义性质的高级农业合作社,最终建立起"三级所有,队为基础"的人民公社制度。截至1958年10月底,全国农村共有人民公社26576个,参加农户占全部农户的99.1%.人民公社作为一种新的农村基层组织,具有"一大二公""一平二调"的基本特点,采取政社合一、三级管理的行政体制,实行供给制和工资制相结合的分配制度,推行"组织军事化、行动战斗化、生活集体化"的劳动生活组织方式。

                          RENMINGONGSHEDECHANSHENGSHITEDINGLISHITIAOJIANXIASHEHUIZHUYIGUOJIAXINGZHIDEBIRANYAOQIU,YESHISHIXIANGUOJIAGONGYEHUAMUBIAODEXIANSHIXUYAO。RANER,ZAIXINGZHENGQIANGZHILILIANGTUIDONGXIAKUAISUJIANLIDERENMINGONGSHEHULVELEWUZHILIYIDEJILIZUOYONG,YANZHONGYAYIHECUOSHANGNONGMINDESHENGCHANREQING。GAIGEKAIFANGHOU,WEIJINYIBUJIEFANGHEFAZHANNONGCUNSHENGCHANLI,JIATINGLIANCHANCHENGBAOZERENZHIKAISHIZHUBUQUDAIRENMINGONGSHETIZHIBINGZAIQUANGUOFANWEINEIKUAISUJIANLIQILAI。JIATINGLIANCHANCHENGBAOZERENZHIJIANGSHENGCHANDANWEIDENEIBUJIANDUJIATINGHUA,SHIXINGLAODONGZHEYUSHENGCHANZILIAOZHIJIEJIEHEDELIANHELAODONG,ZOUCHUYITIAOJUYOUZHONGGUOTESEDESHEHUIZHUYINONGYEFAZHANDAOLU。DANSUIZHECHENGZHENHUA、GONGYEHUAJINCHENGDECHIXUTUIJIN,GUOJIAZAIQUANGUOTUIXINGNONGDI"SANQUANFENZHI"GAIGE,ZHIZAIJINYIBUCUJINNONGCUNTUDICHENGBAOJINGYINGQUANYOUXUGAOXIAOLIUZHUAN,JINERGENGHAODIFAZHANXIANDAINONGYE。

                          新中国成立70年农村经济体制改革的实践逻辑

                        决战棋牌   (YI)NONGMINYUTUDIGUANXIDEDIAOZHENG。XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIYIHOU,NONGMINYUTUDIGUANXIDEDIAOZHENGSHOUXIANCONGBIANGENONGDISUOYOUZHIZHESHOU,TONGGUOTUDIGAIGEJIANLIQINONGMINTUDISUOYOUZHI。SUIZHENONGYESHEHUIZHUYIGAIZAODEWANCHENGHERENMINGONGSHEDEJIANLI,NONGMINYUTUDIDEGUANXICONGGETISUOYOU、DULIJINGYINGZHUANBIANWEIJITISUOYOU、TONGYIJINGYING。GAIGEKAIFANGHOU,SUIZHEJIATINGLIANCHANCHENGBAOZERENZHIDEJIANLI,NONGDIGUANXIDEDIAOZHENGBIAOXIANWEINONGDISUOYOUQUANYUCHENGBAOJINGYINGQUANXIANGFENLI。SHIBADAYILAI,ZAINONGDI"SANQUANFENZHI"GAIGEDEBEIJINGXIA,NONGDIGUANXIDEDIAOZHENGZHUYAOJIZHONGZAINONGDICHENGBAOQUANHEJINGYINGQUANXIANGFENLI。

                          (二)农民与集体关系的调整。土地改革后,个体农户采取自愿互利的方式组成农业互助组,形成一种小规模的非正式集体。在农业合作化运动初期,以土地入股的初级农业合作社,形成一种农地私有公用、农户可以自由退社的契约型集体。在农业合作化运动后期,高级农业合作社中的农户形成一种农地公有公用的正式集体。人民公社实行政社合一的行政管理决战棋牌体制,形成一种高度公有化的全能型农村集体。改革开放后,农民与集体的关系则总体上呈现出一种日益松散的趋势。

                          (SAN)NONGMINYUSHICHANGGUANXIDEDIAOZHENG。GAIGEKAIFANGQIAN,ZHONGGUOZHANGQISHIXINGJIHUAJINGJITIZHI,NONGYEDESHENGCHANHELIUTONGDOUYAOFUCONGGUOJIADEJIHUAANPAI。GAIGEKAIFANGHOU,SUIZHEJIHUAJINGJITIZHIZHUANXIANGSHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJITIZHI,NONGMINKAISHIZUOWEIDULIDESHICHANGZHUTICANYUSHICHANGJIZHIDEYUNXING,NONGCHANPINDESHENGCHANHEXIAOSHOUYERIYISHOUDAOSHICHANGJIZHIDEZHIPEI。ZAISHEHUIZHUYISHICHANGJINGJIZHONG,NONGHUZUOWEIJUYOUJINGZHENGXINGDEWEIGUANSHICHANGZHUTI,JUYOUSHENGCHANZIZHUQUANHELIUTONGZIZHUQUAN,ZUOWEIDULIZIZHUDESHANGPINSHENGCHANZHEHEJINGYINGZHE,NENGGOUDUISHICHANGJIAGEDENGXINXIDEBIANHUAZUOCHULINGMINFANYING。

                          (SI)CHENGSHIYUXIANGCUNGUANXIDEDIAOZHENG。ZAIYANGEDECHENGXIANGERYUANJIEGOUJIEDUAN,"YINONGYANGGONG,YIXIANGYANGCHENG"DEGONGNONGCHENGXIANGGUANXI,JIANGNONGCUNDEFAZHANZHIYUCHENGSHIFAZHANDEFUSHUDIWEI。ZAICHENGXIANGTONGCHOUFAZHANJIEDUAN,"GONGYEFANBUNONGYE、CHENGSHIZHICHINONGCUN"DEGONGNONGCHENGXIANGGUANXI,ZHILIYUJIEJUECHENGXIANGSHOURUCHAJULADADEWENTI。ZAICHENGXIANGYITIHUAFAZHANJIEDUAN,"YIGONGCUNONG、YICHENGDAIXIANG"DEGONGNONGCHENGXIANGGUANXI,SUIRANJIANGNONGCUNFAZHANDEDIWEIJINYIBUTIGAO,DANRENGRANCEZHONGCHENGSHIFAZHAN。ZAICHENGXIANGRONGHEFAZHANJIEDUAN,GUOJIATICHUBINGSHISHIXIANGCUNZHENXINGZHANLVE,JIANGNONGYENONGCUNDEYOUXIANFAZHANBAIZAIGENGJIATUCHUDEWEIZHI。

                          新中国成立70年农村经济体制改革的理论逻辑

                          (一)马克思主义决战棋牌经典作家农业合作理论的历史回顾。马克思、恩格斯都认为大规模的农业经营更具优越性,认为"对于小农的任务,首先是把他们的私人生产和私人占有变为合作社的生产和占有,不是采用暴力,而是通过示范和为此提供社会帮助".十月革命胜利后,列宁基于对共耕制的反思,通过用合作社将农民组织起来,找到一条将小农经济过渡到社会主义的迂回模式。之后,斯大林建立起实行集体所有制的集体农庄,将农业生产纳入到全民生产计划体系之中。

                          (ER)ZHONGGUOSHEHUIZHUYINONGYEHEZUOHUAYUNDONGSHIJIANDELILUNZHENGLUN。XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIHOU,DANGNEIJIBENDACHENGJIANGXIAONONGJINGJIGAIZAOCHENGSHEHUIZHUYIJITINONGYEDEGONGSHI,DANZAINONGYEHEZUOHUADESHIJIXUANZEWENTISHANGZECUNZAIZHEYIJIANFENQI。YIZHONGGUANDIANRENWEI,XIANJIEDUANYINGGAIZAIJIANCHISIYOUZHIDEJICHUSHANG,CHONGSHINONGYEHUZHUZUYIJINYIBUFAZHANNONGCUNSHENGCHANLI,ERBUSHIGUOZAODIXIANGSHEHUIZHUYIJITINONGYEGUODU。LINGYIZHONGGUANDIANRENWEI,XIAONONGJINGJIJIANGQUXIANGYUZIBENZHUYI,YINGDANGJIANGNONGYEHUZHUZUTIGAODAONONGYESHENGCHANHEZUOSHEYIDONGYAOSIYOUZHI,BINGTUIDONGNONGMINGETISIYOUZHIXIANGSHEHUIZHUYIJITIHUAGUODU。

                        决战棋牌   (SAN)JIATINGLIANCHANCHENGBAOZERENZHIDUINONGYEHEZUOLILUNDEXINFAZHAN。GAIGEKAIFANGHOU,ZHENDUIBAOCHANDAOHUHEBAOGANDAOHUDEXINGZHI,YIZHONGGUANDIANRENWEI,"SHUANGBAO"BENZHISHANGSHIYIZHONGFENTIANDANGANHUOJIANGHUAXIANGDANGAN,SHUYUGETIJINGJI。LINGYIZHONGGUANDIANRENWEI,"SHUANGBAO"YIRANJIANCHIJIBENSHENGCHANZILIAOJITISUOYOUZHI,BENZHISHANGSHIYIZHONGXINDENONGYEJINGYINGGUANLIFANGSHI。DUIYUJIATINGLIANCHANCHENGBAOZERENZHI,ZHULIUGUANDIANZERENWEI,JIATINGLIANCHANCHENGBAOZERENZHIZAIJIANCHITUDIJITISUOYOUZHIDEQIANTIXIA,ZHISHIGAIBIANANLAOFENPEIDEXINGSHIBINGMEIYOUGAIBIANANLAOFENPEIDEXINGZHI,SHIDUISHEHUIZHUYIHEZUOLILUNDEYIZHONGXINFAZHAN。

                        决战棋牌   (SI)XINSHIDAIXIAZHONGGUONONGDIZHIDUJINYIBUSHENHUAGAIGEDETAOLUN。ZHENDUIXINSHIDAINONGDI"SANQUANFENZHI"GAIGE,LILUNJIEDEZHULIUGUANDIANRENWEI,NONGDI"SANQUANFENZHI"YANZHENONGDICHANQUANYAOSUMINGXIHUADEGAIGELUJING,FUHEZHONGGUOJIBENGUOQINGHEJIANJINSHIGAIGECELVE,NENGGOUZAIWENDINGNONGDICHENGBAOQUANHEHUOHUANONGDIJINGYINGQUANDEJICHUSHANG,JIANLIQIFUHENONGYEXIANDAIHUAFAZHANYAOQIUDEXINXINGNONGDIJITISUOYOUZHI,NENGGOUTONGGUOGUIFANBUTONGNONGDIQUANYIZHUTIZHIJIANDEGUANXI,GENGJIAMINGQUEGELIYIZHUTIZHIJIANDELIYIFENPEI,JINERJIANLIQINONGMINYUTUDIDEDUOCENGCIDUIYINGGUANXI,YIMANZUNONGYEXIANDAIHUADEFAZHANYAOQIU。

                          中国农村经济体制改革的未来展望

                        决战棋牌   (YI)ZAIWEIGUANJICHUFANGMIAN,WEIJINYIBUYOUHUANONGYEZIYUANYAOSUPEIZHIHETUIDONGNONGYEGAOZHILIANGFAZHAN,GUOJIAYINGDANGJIJIPEIYUHEZHUANGDAZHONGZHIDAHU、JIATINGNONGCHANG、NONGMINZHUANYEHEZUOSHE、NONGYELONGTOUQIYEDENGDUOYUANHUAXINXINGNONGYEJINGYINGZHUTIYITUIDONGNONGYESHENGCHANFANGSHIDEZHUANBIAN。JUTIERYAN,GUOJIAYINGDANGJIAKUAIJIANLIJIANQUANXINXINGZHIYENONGMINDEPEIYANGTIXIHENONGCUNZHUANMENRENCAIDEBAOZHANGJIZHI,YINGDANGJIAKUAIPEIYUZHUANYEHUADENONGYEFUWUGONGSIHENONGYESHEHUIHUAFUWUZUZHI,YINGDANGCHIXUJIAQIANGCUJINXINXINGNONGYEJINGYINGZHUTIFAZHANDEZHENGCEZHICHIBINGCONGFUCHIHEGUIZHILIANGFANGMIANJIAQIANGHONGGUANYINDAOHEWEIGUANZHILI。

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                        点击查看>>大一政治经济学论文(推荐10篇)其他文章
                          宋冬林,谢文帅.70年农村经济体制改革的政治经济学逻辑[J].社会科学文摘,2019(12):42-43. 转载请注明来源。原文地址:http://gxkelong.com/html/zhlw/20200314/8282030.html   

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