决战棋牌

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                          1. 浅谈无人机袭击带来的国际法挑战

                            国际法热点论文(8篇完整版范文)之第八篇 摘要 :当今, 无人机袭击行为越来越多地出现在战场和反恐活动中, 其合法性也被广为争议。无人机作为一种新型武器, 应当在国际法的框架之下使用。无人机袭击在国家主权、国家人道法、国内法豁免原则、国际人权法等方面都给国际
                            阅读技巧Ctrl+D 收藏本篇文章

                              国际法热点论文(8篇完整版范文)之第八篇

                              摘要:当今, 无人机袭击行为越来越多地出现在战场和反恐活动中, 其合法性也被广为争议。无人机作为一种新型武器, 应当在国际法的框架之下使用。无人机袭击在国家主权、国家人道法、国内法豁免原则、国际人权法等方面都给国际法带来了挑战。

                              关键词:决战棋牌无人机袭击,国际法,主权,国际人道法

                            国际法热点论文

                              无人机是一种无人登机驾驶的飞行器, 是通过同步远程遥控操纵来完成任务的不载人飞机。在上世纪六十年代, 无人机就已经被应用到军事决战棋牌领域, 主要用于执行情报侦察、监测战场、目标鉴别和电子干扰等任务。2001年, 美军首次出动RQ-1“掠夺者”无人机携带导弹对阿富汗进行军事打击, 利用无人机进行袭击的作战方式由此开启。美国白宫今年7月发布数据显示, 2009年至2015年, 美国至少在全球9个国家执行了数百次无人机袭击行动。当前, 军用无人机已经成为各个国家尤其是发达国家着力研制的武器重要装备之一, 美国是实施无人机袭击的主要国家, 无人机袭击主要应用于反恐活动和其它武装冲突中。无人机作为武器, 其本身的存在必有合理性, 而无人机的袭击行为却给国际法带来了一些冲击和挑战。

                              一、无人机袭击挑战国家主权原则

                              国家主权是国家的根本属性, 在国际法上是指国家拥有独立地处理其对内对外事务的权力。国家主权平等原则表明在国际社会上, 各个国家不论社会、经济、政治决战棋牌情况有何不同, 均具有平等的国际地位, 其领土完整和政治独立不容侵犯。《联合国宪章》第二条也规定:“各会员国在其国际关系上不得使用威胁或武力, 或以与联合国宗旨不符之任何其他方法, 侵害任何会员国或国家之领土完整或政治独立①。”

                            决战棋牌   WURENJIXIJIDAJIKONGBUZUZHI, YIBANQINGKUANGXIABIAOXIANWEIYIGEGUOJIAZAIBENGUOCAOZONGWURENJI, DAJIWEIYUQITAGUOJIAJINGNEIDEKONGBUZUZHI。ZAIZHEIZHONGDAJIHUODONGZHONG, WURENJIDAJIGUOJIUHENRONGYIQINFANDAOSUOZAIGUODEGUOJIAZHUQUAN。MEIGUOZIKAISHIFANKONGYILAI, YIXIANHOUZAIAFUHAN、BAJISITAN、LIBIYA、YILAKEDENGDUOGEDIQUSHIYONGWURENJIKAIZHANFANKONGXINGDONG, DANDADUODOUMEIYOUJINGGUOSUOZAIGUODESHOUQUAN。LIRU, MEIGUODUIBAJISITANJINGNEIMUBIAOFADONGDEWURENJIXIJI, JIUMEIYOUDEDAOBAJISITANMINXUANDAIBIAOHUOHEFAZHENGFUDERENKE, XIANRANQINFANLEQIGUOJIAZHUQUAN。BAJISITANDANGJUDUIMEIGUODEXINGWEIYECENGDUOCIBIAOSHIQIANZEHEKANGYI, DANSHIYOUYUGUOLICHAJUYIJIQITALINGYUDEMIQIEYILAILIANXI, ZHEIGEWENTIBINGMEIYOUDEDAOJIEJUE。LIYONGWURENJIFANKONGJUYOUYOUYUEXING, DANSHIWURENJIXIJIGUOWEIJINGSHOUQUANJIUZHIHUIWURENJIJINRUBIEGUOLINGKONG, DUIDIMIANMUBIAOJINXINGGONGJI, WUYONGZHIYISHIDUIBIEGUOLINGTUHEZHUQUANDEQINFAN, WEIFANLEGUOJIFAYUANZE, RUGUOZHEIGEWENTIDEBUDAOYOUXIAOJIEJUE, HENKENENGDAOZHIGUOJIZHIXUDEHUNLUAN, SHENZHIHUICHUXIANYIGUODAZHEFANKONGQIHAOQUQINLVELINGYIGUOLINGTUDEQINGKUANG。

                              二、无人机袭击违背国际人道法

                              DANGQIAN, MEIGUODEWULIFANKONGXINGDONGSHIFOUJUYOUHEFAXING, YIJISHIFOUYINGDANGSHIYONGGUOJIRENDAOFADENGWENTIRENGCUNZAIZHENGYI, YINCIWOMENZAICIZHITAOLUNWURENJIXIJIXINGWEIZAIZHANCHANGZUOZHANZHONGDEHEFAXING。

                              GUOJIRENDAOFAJIWUZHUANGCHONGTUFASHIBAOHUSHANGBINGYUAN、ZHANFUJIPINGMINDEFALVTIXI, SHIGUIZHIWUZHUANGCHONGTUDEGUOJIFALV, QIZHUYAOMUDESHIJINLIANGBAOHUSHOUWUZHUANGCHONGTUZHONGDEGERENBUSHOUDAOZHANZHENGDESHANGHAI。QUFENYUANZE、JUNSHIBIYAOYUANZEHEBILIYUANZESHIWUZHUANGCHONGTUFADEJIBENYUANZE, QIDUIWUZHUANGZUOZHANDEFANGFAZUOCHULEYIDINGDEXIANZHI。QIZHONG, QUFENYUANZEYAOQIUJIAOZHANSHUANGFANGBIXUDUIGONGJIMUBIAOZUOCHUQUBIE, JIANGWUZHUANGCHONGTUZHONGDEPINGMINYUZHANDOURENYUAN、MINYONGWUTIYUJUNYONGWUPINXIANGQUFEN。BILIYUANZEYEYAOQIUZHANZHENGXINGWEISUODAILAIDEFUDAISUNSHIHUOSHANGHAIBUDECHAOCHUGAIXINGWEISUONENGDAILAIDEYUQIDEZHIJIEJUNSHILIYI, JINZHIGUOFENGONGJIHEYINQIBUBIYAODETONGKU。

                            决战棋牌   ERSHIJISHANGWURENJIZAIZHANCHANGZHONGXIJIDIFANGDETONGSHI, YESHIBIHUIJIPINGMINDAILAILEJUDADEZAINAN, YUANYINSHIYOUYUWURENJIJISHUSHUIPINGDEXIANZHI, HUOZHEQIDIMIANCAOZUOYUANDEGERENYUANYIN, WURENJIWUFAZUODAODUIDIMIANMUBIAODEZHUNQUEGONGJI。YIWANGSHUJUYEXIANSHI, MEIGUOWURENJIXIJICENGWEISHASI41RENERDAOZHILEYUE1147RENSIWANG, ZHEISHUOMINGWURENJIXIJIDEJINGZHUNXINGPIANDI, HENRONGYIJIDAJIMUBIAOZHOUWEIDERENHUOWUYEZAOCHENGHUIMIE。JIASHANGZHANCHANGHUANJINGFUZA, JUNSHIMUBIAOHEMINYONGMUBIAOHUNZAZAIYIQI, WURENJIGENBENWUFAZUOCHUJINGZHUNGONGJI, YINCICAIYONGWURENJIXIJIFANGSHIZUOZHANWEIFANLEQUFENYUANZE。LINGYIFANGMIAN, WURENJIXIJIWEIFANBILIYUANZE, SHOUXIAN, WURENJIXIJIHUIZAOCHENGDEPINGMINFUDAISUNSHANGYUANYUANCHAOGUODUIDAJIMUBIAODESUNSHANGSHULIANG;QICI, WURENJIXIJIWANGWANGHUIZAOCHENGRENDEROUTISHANGDEJIDATONGKUHEJUEDUIHUIMIE, ZHEIZHONGDAJIYEYIJINGCHAOCHULEYUQIJUNSHIMUBIAO, YOUGUOFENGONGJIDEYIWEI。

                              三、无人机袭击挑战国内法管辖豁免原则

                              国内法管辖豁免原则, 是指合法战斗员在战场中的杀伤行为不受国内法的管辖的原则, 是战斗员所享受的一种豁免权, 他们只会受战争法, 而不是普通刑法决战棋牌的约束。战斗员只要遵守国际人道法, 其直接参加敌对行动的行为就不会受到惩罚;没有战斗员地位而直接参加敌对行动的人, 不享有豁免特权并且可能因其行为而受国内法追诉②。

                              WURENJIXIJISHIXUYAOYOUDIMIANCAOZUOYUANYUANCHENGKONGZHIDE, MUQIAN, MEIGUOWURENJIGONGJIZHUYAOSHIYOUMEIGUOZHONGYANGQINGBAOJUFUZE, QIWURENJIDECAOZUORENYUANSHUYUZHONGQINGJUDEGUYUAN, ERMEIGUOZHONGQINGJUBUSHUYUWUZHUANGBUDUI, GUYUANYEZHISHIPINGMINSHENFEN。YIJUCHUANTONGGUOJIGUANLI, WUZHUANGBUDUICHENGYUANDANGRANSHUYUZHANDOUYUANSHENFEN, QICIZAIMOUXIEFALVWENJIANZHONG, ZHANDOUYUANTEQUANKEYIYANSHENDAOMINBINGHEZHIYUANBUDUIDENGFEICHANGGUIWUZHUANGBUDUI, DANJUNBUBAOKUOPINGMIN。YINCI, CONGLILUNSHANGJIANG, MEIGUODEWURENJIXIJICAOZUOYUANBINGBUJUYOUZHANDOUYUANTEQUAN, BUZAIGUONEIGUANXIAHUOMIANDEFANWEINEI。WURENJICAOZUOYUANSHIZHICANYULEWUZHUANGGONGJI, YINGDANGSHUYU“ZHIJIECANJIADIDUIXINGDONG”, QIXINGWEIYINGDANGSHOUDAOQIGUONEIXINGFADEZHUISU, BUYINGDEDAOHUOMIAN。

                              RANERZHEIYILILUNZAIXIANSHIZHONGJIHUSHIBUKENENGSHIXIANDE, MEIGUODUIYUZHONGQINGJUDEWURENJIFANKONGXINGDONGZHICHIYUMOXUDE, DANGMEIGUOZHONGQINGJURENYUANYINWURENJIXIJIERMIANLINXINGSHISUSONGSHI, KEXIANGERZHIMEIGUODETAIDU。YINCI, WURENJICAOZUOYUANBINGBUHUIDUIQIXINGWEICHENGDANRENHEZEREN。

                              四、无人机袭击挑战国际人权法

                              ZAIWUZHUANGCHONGTUFANWEIZHIWAI, GUOJIRENQUANFAFAHUIZHEBAOHURENQUANDEZUOYONG。WURENJIXIJIJINXINGDEFANKONGHUODONGRUGUOBUBEIRENDINGWEISHIWUZHUANGCHONGTU, JIUYINGYOUGUOJIRENQUANFALAIYUESHU。

                            决战棋牌   RENQUANSHIRENSUOXIANGYOUDERENSHENQUANLIHEQITAMINZHUQUANLIDEZONGCHENG。ZUOWEIYIGEGAINIAN, ZUIZAOSHIYOUZICHANJIEJISIXIANGJIAWEIFANDUIFENGJIANTEQUANHESHENQUANTICHUDE, TAMENRENWEIRENQUANSHITIANFUDE, SHIRENSUOYONGYOUDEZUIJIBENDEHEBUKEBODUODEQUANLI。ERZHANHOU, RENQUANBEIYINRUGUOJIFALINGYU, BINGSHOUDAOGUOJIFABAOHU。DANGQIAN, GUOJIFASHANGYITONGGUODEYOUGUANRENQUANDEZHONGYAOXUANYANHUOGONGYUEYOUWUSHIYUJIAN。1948NIAN, LIANHEGUODAHUITONGGUODE《SHIJIERENQUANXUANYAN》QUEDINGLERENQUANDEJIBENNEIRONG, QIZHONGDISANTIAOGUIDING:“RENRENYOUQUANXIANGYOUSHENGMING、ZIYOUHERENSHENANQUAN③。”GUOJIRENQUANFASHITUBAOHURENLEINEIZAIDE、PUBIANDE、BUKEFENGEDEQUANLI, FANDUIRENHEWEIFAXINGWEI, QIANZERENYIBODUORENLEIDEJIBENSHENGMINGQUANDEXINGWEI。

                            决战棋牌   ERDANGQIANZAIWURENJIXIJIXINGDONGZHONGJIUYANZHONGQINFANZHERENQUAN, SHOUXIANSHIDUIWUGUPINGMINRENQUANDEQINFAN:JUYIXILIERENQUANZUZHIFABUDEFENXISHUJUXIANSHI, MEIJUNWURENJIJINGCHANGWEIJIZHONGMUBIAOERDUOSHASISHUBEIDEREN。WURENJIDANGQIANZAIDAJIDEJINGZHUNXINGSHANGRENGCUNZAIBUZU, WUFAZUODAOFANKONGZHONGBUCHUXIANWUSHANG, YEJIUHUIBUKEBIMIANDIZAOCHENGZHEWUGUPINGMINDESHANGWANG。HENMINGXIAN, ZHEISHIDUIRENDERENSHENANQUANHEZUIJIBENDESHENGMINGQUANDEQINFAN, YANZHONGWEIFANLEGUOJIRENQUANFA。CIWAI, WURENJIZHANGQIBUDINGSHIPANXUANYUTOUSHANG, YEBIRANHUIZAOCHENGJUMINXINLIDEKONGHUANG, DUIDANGDIJINGJI、SHEHUIDEFAZHANYEYOUHENDADEYINGXIANG。

                            决战棋牌   LINGYIFANGMIAN, WURENJIXIJIZHONGCUNZAIDUIKONGBUFENZIRENQUANDEQINFAN。ZAIGUOJIRENQUANFADEKUANGJIAXIA, KONGBUXIANYIRENDERENQUANYEDEDAOBAOHU。《SHIJIERENQUANXUANYAN》DEDISHITIAOHEDISHIYITIAOJIUGUIDINGLERENHERENZAIDINGZUIZHIQIAN, DOUYOUJIESHOUGONGZHENGDESHENPANHEWEIZIJIBIANJIEDEQUANLI④。YEJIUSHISHUO, KONGBUFENZIXIANYIRENTONGYANGXIANGYOUDUIZIJIDEBIANHUQUANHESHIYONGWUZUITUIDINGYUANZE。ERWURENJIXIANRANSHIYIZHONGDUIRENJUYOUHUIMIEXINGDEDAJIWUQI, FANKONGZHONGRUGUOSHIYONGWURENJIXIJI, HUISHIXIANYIDUIXIANGDANGCHANGBIMINGERMEIYOUJIHUISHOUDAOGONGZHENGSHENPAN, ZHEIJIUQINFANLEKONGBUFENZIXIANYIRENDEJIBENRENQUAN。

                              JIEYU

                            决战棋牌   SUIZHEKEJIFAZHANHEXIANSHIXUQIUDEZENGJIA, KEYIYUJIAN, WEILAIWURENJIDEFAZHANYUYINGYONGYEJIANGSHIBUKEDANG。DANSHI, WURENJIZUOWEIWUQI, BIXUZAIFALVDEGUIZHIZHIXIASHIYONG, ZHEIYIFANGMIANXUYAOWURENJIDESHIYONGZHEZIJUEZUNSHOUGUOJIFA, LINGYIFANGMIAN, YEXUYAOXIANGGUANGUOJIFALINGYUGENGJIAWANSHAN, ZHIYOUZHEIYANG, WURENJICAINENGGENGHAODIWEIRENLEISUOYONG。

                              参考文献
                              [1]唐彦林, 陈欢欢, 焦健.美国无人机反恐政策评析[J].洛阳理工学院学报 (社会科学版) , 2014, 06:59-66.
                              [2]朱路.论国际人道法中的战斗员概念及其当代挑战[J].广西大学学报 (哲学社会科学版) , 2015, 04:109-115.
                              [3]杨珍华, 赵自成.美国无人机攻击的若干国际法问题评析[J].太平洋学报, 2013, 11:10-21.

                            点击查看>>国际法热点论文(8篇完整版范文)他文章
                              张璇,陈静,史荷娜.无人机袭击带来的国际法挑战[J].法制博览,2017(06):67-68. 转载请注明来源。原文地址:http://gxkelong.com/html/zhlw/20200314/8282041.html   

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