决战棋牌

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              2. 水稻机插秧侧深施肥技术主要内容与措施

                摘 要: 水稻侧深施肥技术是在水稻插秧机上安装侧深施肥装置,在水稻插秧的同时,在距离水稻秧苗根部3~5 cm且深度为5 cm的位置施以肥料的局部施肥技术。侧深施肥将肥料呈条状集中施于耕层中,提升了水稻根部养分供应量,利于水稻根部向下生长和吸收养分,同传统的施肥
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                  摘 要:决战棋牌 水稻侧深施肥技术是在水稻插秧机上安装侧深施肥装置,在水稻插秧的同时,在距离水稻秧苗根部3~5 cm且深度为5 cm的位置施以肥料的局部施肥技术。侧深施肥将肥料呈条状集中施于耕层中,提升了水稻根部养分供应量,利于水稻根部向下生长和吸收养分,同传统的施肥相比,降低了化肥使用量,减少了肥料的随水流失和挥发损失,提高了化肥利用率,减轻化肥对环境的污染。

                  关键词: 水稻机插秧; 侧深施肥; 技术; 应用;

                  1 、主要内容

                  (1)PEIYUZHUANGYANG。BAOZHENGYANGMIAODEJUNYUNDU,ANHANYUYANGTIANGUIFANHUAHEZAOYUZHUANGMIAOMOSHIHUADEYAOQIUYANGECAOZUO,PEIYUCHUJUYOUZAOSHENGGENXI、ZHIGAOBIAOZHUN、YEPIANBURUANBUPI、CHONGSHIDUGAO、MIAOZHIJUNYUNYIZHIDEBIAOZHUNZHUANGMIAO。

                决战棋牌   (2)TURANGGENGZUO。YAOYOUSHIYIDEGENGSHEN,ZUISHAOYAOZAI12 cmYISHANG。HANZHENGDIYAOYISONG、XUAN、GENGHUOSONG、PAGENGJILUNGENGWEIYI,SHUIZHENGDIYAOQIUTURANGSONGRUANSHIDU,YISHOUHUAGOUHOUZIRANHELONGWEIYI。

                  (3)CHAYANG。CHAYANGQIYAOQIUZUIDIWENDUYINGWEI13℃YISHANG。ZAIPEIMIDUYIBANDIKUAIYINGBICHANGGUISHIFEIZAIPEIMIDUJIANSHAO10%,YANGMIAOYAOJUNYUNYIZHI,MEIXUEZHUSHUYAOBICHANGGUIJICHAYANGSHIDANGJIANSHAO。

                  (4)SHIFEIGUANLI。JIFEI、FANQINGFEIHENIEFEIYONGZUOCESHENSHIFEIYICIXINGSHIRU,GENJUDILIQINGKUANG,JIFEI、FANQINGFEIJIANIEFEISHIYONGLIANGBICHANGGUISHIFEILIANGJIANSHAO10%~20%。ZAISHIFEIFANGFASHANGLINFEIYICIXINGCESHENSHIRU,JIAFEI80%CESHENSHIRU,20%YONGZUOZHUIFEI,DANFEI60%CESHENSHIRU,40%ZUODIAOJIEFEI、SUIFEI、LIFEISHIRU。

                  2、 主要措施

                  (1)CHAYANGJIDEXUANDING。WOMENFENBIEZAIJINGGUANPZ60DXINGGAOSUCHAYANGJI、CHANGFA3TNM68-AXINGGAOSUCHAYANGJIHEJIUBAOTIAN2ZGQ-6D1XINGGAOSUCHAYANGJISHANGANZHUANGLECESHENSHIFEIZHUANGZHI。

                  (2)肥料的选定。选用了吉林松原生产的“中化万福农”专用肥,其N∶P2O5∶K2O含量分别为21∶15∶16,对比田基肥是“撒可富”,N∶P2O5∶K2O含量分别为18∶15∶15。

                水稻机插秧侧深施肥技术主要内容与措施

                  (3)FEILIANGDEQUEDING。YIDUIBITIANSHIFEILIANGWEICHIDU,FENBIESHEDINGJIANSHAOFEILIANG10%、20%DEFANGAN,JIDUIBITIANSHIDIFEI、FENNIEFEIGONGJI22.5 kg。ANZHAOJIANSHAO10%、20%SHEJISHIYANTIANSHIFEILIANGFENBIEWEI20.25 kgHE18 kg。JINGGUOSHIJICHENGZHONGHEJISUAN,“ZHONGHUAWANFUNONG”ZHUANYONGFEIMEIMUSHIJISHIFEILIANGFENBIEWEI19.26 kgHE17.03 kg。

                  3、 效益分析

                  JINGJIXIAOYIFENXI:(1)JIEBENXIAOYI。SHIYANTIANMUSHIHUAFEIZONGLIANGWEI30.5 kg,DUIZHAOTIANMUSHIHUAFEIZONGLIANGWEI35 kg,FEILIAOCHENGBENJIANSHAO4.5 kg,ZHEHERENMINBI12.6YUAN。SHIYANTIANJIANSHAOYANGFEICISHU,JIESHENGZUOYEFEI15YUAN·MU-1,GONGJIEBEN27.6YUAN·MU-1。(2)ZENGCHANXIAOYI。SHIYANTIANPINGJUNMUCHAN519 kg,DUIZHAOTIANMUCHAN492.2 kg,SHIYANTIANBIDUIZHAOTIANMUZENGCHAN26.8 kg,ZENGFU5.4%,SHUIDAOMEIQIANKEJIAGE2.9YUAN,MUZENGSHOU77.72YUAN,SHIFANTIANMUJIEBENZENGXIAOGONGJI105.32YUAN。

                  SHEHUIXIAOYIFENXI:CESHENSHIFEIJISHUSHIXIANLECHAYANGTONGBUSHIFEI,FANQINGFENNIEBUZHUIFEI,JIANSHAOLERENGONGZUOYECISHU,XIANGBICHUANTONGSHIFEIJIANSHAOLEYONGGONGLIANG,JIEYUELAODONGTOURUCHENGBEN;TIGAOLEFEILIAOLIYONGLV,JIANSHAOFEILIAOTOURU,JIANQINGHUANJINGWURAN。CESHENSHIFEIFEILIAOBIJIAOJIZHONG,BAOZHANGLESHUIDAOQIANQIYINGYANGCHONGZU,JIANSHAOWUXIAOFENNIE,TISHENGSHUIDAOCHANLIANG。ZHUANJIARENWEI,ZAIWOGUOTUDILIUZHUANJINGYINGJIAKUAI,NONGCUNHEZUOZUZHIFAZHANXUNMENG,NONGCUNLAODONGLIXIQUEYULAOLINGHUAYANZHONG,NONGYEMIANYUANWURANGAOFADEDABEIJINGXIA,SHUIDAOCESHENSHIFEIJISHUSHIJIANSHEHUANBAO、JIANKANGHEKECHIXUNONGYEDEYIGEYOUXIAOTUJING。

                  SHENGTAIXIAOYIFENXI:SHIYANTIANSHUIDAOZHENGGESHENGYUQIMUSHIFEILIANG30.5 kg,BIDUIZHAOTIANSHUIDAOZHENGGESHENGYUQIMUSHIFEILIANG35 kgJIANSHAOLE4.5 kg,JIANFU12.8%。CESHENSHIFEISHIXIANLEJIANDAN、JIANFEIDEYAOQIU,GAIBIANLETURANGHESHUIZHIDECHENGFEN,QIDAOLEHUANBAOXIAOGUO。

                  4 、存在的问题

                决战棋牌   YISHIYOUYUSHUIDAOCHAYANGJIANZHUANGCESHENSHIFEIZHUANGZHI,ZAIJIASHANGTIANJIAHUAFEI,CESHENSHIFEICHAYANGJIBIPUTONGCHAYANGJIZHONGLIANGZENGJIA,CHAYANGSHIYOUYONGNIXIANXIANG,BUDANYINGXIANGCHAYANGSUDU,YEYINGXIANGCHAYANGZHILIANG,ZHEIJIUYAOQIUZHENGDIHOUYANZHANGCHENJIANGSHIJIAN。ERSHISHUIDAOCESHENSHIFEIJICHAYANGJISHUDUISHUITIANTUZHIZHUANGKUANGYOUYIDINGDEJUXIANXING,ZHINENGZAITUZHIJIAOYINGDETIANKUAIJINXINGCESHENSHIFEI,ZAITUZHIJIAORUANDETIANKUAIJINXINGCESHENSHIFEIZUOYECHAYANGJIYIXIANRUNITU,WUFAZUOYE。SANSHISHUIDAOCESHENSHIFEIZHUANYONGFEIDEZHILIANGYUJIAGEPIANGAO,YEHUIYINGXIANGSHUIDAOCESHENSHIFEIJISHUDAMIANJITUIGUANG。

                  5 、注意事项

                  (1)CESHENSHIFEISHEBEIDUITIANKUAIPINGZHENGDUHECHENDIANCHENGDUYAOQIUJIAOGAO,FANMAIZHENGDI(SHENDUYAODADAO25~30 cm)HEGAOLIUCHAJIAOJIANGZHENGDICANCHAPIAOFULVYAOXIAOYU5%,CHENDIANYIZHIHUACHENGGOUMANMANHUIFUWEIDAICHAYANGZHUANGTAI。

                决战棋牌   (2)FEILIAOKELIYAOJUNYUN,LIJING1.5~3 mmZUIJIA,BIZHONGYINGYIZHI。

                决战棋牌   (3)ZUOYEZHONGYANFANGJITING,JITINGCHEYIYINQIGUANDAOZHONGLIUDONGDEFEILIAOJIZHONGZAIYICHUPAICHU,DAOZHIJUBUSHIFEIGUOLIANG。

                  (4)FANGZHIGAOSUQIDONG,ZUOYEKAISHISHI,YINGMANMANPINGHUANDIQIBU,QIBUGUOKUAIHUIZAOCHENGFEILIAOLOUSHI。

                  (5)MEIXUE3~5ZHU,CHAYANGSHENDU1~2 cm,YIQIANCHAWEIYI,YITIGAODIJIEWEIFENNIE,LOUCHALVYINGXIAOYU5%、SHANGYANGLVYINGXIAOYU4%、JUNYUNDUHEGELVYINGDAYU85%。FEILIAOJUDAOGENCEXIANGJULIZAI4~5 cm,SHENDU5 cm,SHIFEILIANGYAOZHUNQUE、JUNYUN。

                  6 、建议和意见

                  (1)ZENGDASHUIDAOJICHAYANGCESHENSHIFEIBUTIEEDU。SHUIDAOCESHENSHIFEIZHUANGZHIJIAGEGAO,HUIDAILAISHUIDAOSHENGCHANCHENGBENDEZENGJIA。YAOQUANMIANTUIGUANGGAIXIANGJISHU,JIUYAOZUOHAOSHIYANSHIFANHELUNZHENG,ZONGJIECHUDANGDIDECAOZUOGUICHENGJITEDIAN,QUEBAOGAIXIANGJISHUDEYANJINSHISHI。YAOBASHUIDAOCESHENSHIFEIZHUANGZHIBUTIEEDUZENGJIA,YIDADAOQUANMIANTUIGUANGDEMUDE。LINGWAI,ANZHUANGSHUIDAOCESHENSHIFEIZHUANGZHIDECHAYANGJIYOUYUZHONGLIANGGENGDA,ZAIJIASHANGZHUANGXIEFEIDENG,YINGXIANGCHAYANGSUDU,YOUGUANBUMENYINGJIYUCHAYANGFEIBUTIE。

                  (2)ZHUAHAOJISHUPEIXUN。CHONGFENLIYONGDONGXIANSHIJIAN,JUBANSHUIDAOCESHENSHIFEIJISHUPEIXUNBAN,SHICHAYANGJISHOUDONGDESHUIDAOJICHAYANGCESHENSHIFEIDEYUANLI,HUICAOZUO,NENGPAICHUGUZHANG。

                决战棋牌   (3)JIAQIANGJISHUZHIDAOHEJISHUFUWU。NONGYEBUMENYAOZAIZUOYEJIJIEZUZHIJISHURENYUAN,FENPIANBAOGAN,SHENRUGECUNTUN、TIANJIANDITOU,DUIGOUZHISHIYONGCESHENSHIFEIZHUANGZHIDECHAYANGJISHOUJINXINGJISHUZHIDAO。

                  李海国.水稻机插秧同步侧深施肥技术示范应用[J].农机使用与维修,2020(02):45. 转载请注明来源。原文地址:http://gxkelong.com/html/zhlw/20200314/8282051.html   

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