决战棋牌

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                        2. 习近平反腐倡廉观的发展脉络探析

                          摘 要: 党的十八大以来,习近平总书记站在时代前沿,从党和国家发展的全局出发,紧紧围绕建设什么样的党,怎样建设党的时代课题,先后提出了一系列反腐倡廉的新思想新论断,成为习近平党建思想的重要组成部分。习近平反腐倡廉思想并非一时形成的,而是在长期的从政实践中形成
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                            摘 要:决战棋牌 党的十八大以来,习近平总书记站在时代前沿,从党和国家发展的全局出发,紧紧围绕“建设什么样的党,怎样建设党”的时代课题,先后提出了一系列反腐倡廉的新思想新论断,成为习近平党建思想的重要组成部分。习近平反腐倡廉思想并非一时形成的,而是在长期的从政实践中形成的。唯有将习近平反腐倡廉思想置于其从政的历史坐标中,通过考察其不同时期反腐倡廉思想发展轨迹与内在逻辑,全面审视其反腐倡廉思想演进脉络,才能从更好地透视其管党治党思想的一以贯之,从更深层次上揭示习近平反腐倡廉思想的完整图景,凸显其时代价值。

                            关键词: 习近平; 反腐倡廉思想; 历史考察;

                            Abstract: Since the 18 th National Congress of the Communist Party of China(CPC), General Secretary Xi Jinping has been standing at the forefront of the times. From the perspective of the overall development of the party and the country, he has put forward a series of new opinions on anti-corruption and building a clean government, which has become an important part of Xi Jinping's party building thoughts. Xi Jinping's thought of combating corruption and upholding integrity was not formed in a short time, but in a long period of political practice. Only put Xi Jinping's anti-corruption thought in the history of politics coordinates, by looking at different times anti-corruption ideological trajectory and internal logic, a comprehensive look at the evolution of anti-corruption thought, to pipe from a better perspective the party party thought a consistent, from a deeper reveals the complete picture of Xi Jinping's anti-corruption thought, highlighting its time value.

                            Keyword: Xi Jinping; anti-corruption thoughts; historical investigation;

                            “JIANSHESHENMEYANGDEDANG、RUHEJIANSHEDANG”SHIZHONGSHI“DANGDEJIANSHE”MIANLINDEZHONGDALISHIKETI。SHIBADAYILAI,XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIJINJINWEIRAODANGDEJIANSHEXINDEWEIDAGONGCHENG,XIANHOUTICHULEYIXILIEGUANDANGZHIDANGDEXINSIXIANGXINGUANDIANXINLUNDUAN,SHENKEHUIDALERUHEYINGDUIDANGSUOMIANLINDE“SIDAKAOYAN”YU“SIDAWEIXIAN”DETIAOZHAN,XINGCHENGLEYIQUANMIANCONGYANZHIDANGWEIZHUYAOTEDIANDEDANGDEJIANSHEXUESHUOJIQISIXIANG,JINYIBUTUIDONGLE21SHIJIDANGDEJIANSHEXINDEWEIDAGONGCHENG。ZAIQIQUANMIANCONGYANZHIDANGSIXIANGZHONG,FANFUCHANGLIANSIXIANGWUYIDUJUTESE、ZUISHOUGUANZHU、YINGXIANGZUIDA。

                            DANGQIANXUEJIECONGBUTONGSHIJIAODUIXIJINPINGFANFUCHANGLIANSIXIANGJINXINGQUANSHI,DANDUIQIFANFUCHANGLIANSIXIANGDESHIJIANLUOJIJIQISIXIANGYANJINMAILUOSHUYUGUANZHU。XUEJIEDADUOZHUZHONGXIJINPINGDANRENZONGSHUJIZHIHOUDEXIANGGUANLUNSHU,ERDUIQIZHIQIANZHUZHENGDIFANGSHITICHUDEFANFUCHANGLIANSIXIANGZEGUANZHUJIAOSHAO,DUIQIJUYOUCHUANGZAOXINGDEYIXIEGUANDIANHESIXIANGMEIYOUJINXINGXITONGSHULI,CUNZAIZHEYANJIUSHIYUXIAZHAI、LUNSHUBUQUANMIANDEWENTI[1],DUIXIJINPINGFANFUCHANGLIANSIXIANGDELILUNDIYUNHESIXIANGYUANTOUDESHENCENGCIWAJUELVEXIANBUZU[2]。ZAIJIEJIANHEFENXIYIWANGYANJIUCHENGGUODEJICHUSHANG,WOMENRENWEIXIJINPINGDECONGZHENGSHENGYAGOUHUACHULEQIFANFUCHANGLIANSIXIANGFAZHANDELISHIMAILUO,DUIQIFANFUCHANGLIANSIXIANGYANJINLUJINGDETANTAO,YINGCONGQIFANFUCHANGLIANSIXIANGDESHIJIANYUANYUAN、YANJINMAILUODENEIZAIXIANSUO、BUTONGSHIQICONGZHENGSHIJIANJINGLIDELUOJIFAZHANJINXINGKAOCHA。

                            一、反腐倡廉思想初具雏形

                            早在1980年代初,习近平在正定工作时针对利用职权搞特权、谋私利、走后门、拉关系等官僚主义现象[3]22,提出彻底纠正不正之风、查处违法乱纪、整顿政治纪律,最根本的一条是抓好党性、党纪和党的根本宗旨教育,这是釜底抽薪的办法、治本的办法[3]207。担任县委书记时期,习近平就开始认识到党的政治建设和组织建设的好坏决定反腐倡廉工作的成效。在干部选拔时,习近平强调要严格把好“政治观”,各级领导干部“在思想和政治上与党中央保持高度一致,决不能背道而驰、阳奉阴违”[3]94。“不准搞不正之风,不准拉帮结伙,不准搞非组织活动。”[3]95政治品质不好,即便有才也不予重用。“打破部门、行业的界限,不拘一格,唯‘德才’是举。”[3]93“防止任人唯亲、嫉贤妒能,才能避免压抑人才和选不准。”[3]94领导干部要具备敢于“照一照镜子”的问题意识和“与于律己、以身作则”的自律意识。“要把抓政治纪律放在纪检工作的首位”“谁违反这一点,谁就要受到党的纪律处分”[3]26。针对党员干部中存在违法乱纪、贪污腐败等问题,习近平强调必须下大力气抓好整治工作,严格执行党章党纪,破除歪风邪气,使干部队伍形成清正廉明的风气。这些规定初步展现出习近平对反腐倡廉的思考,反腐倡廉思想已具雏形。

                          习近平反腐倡廉观的发展脉络探析

                            二、反腐倡廉思想的沉淀

                            在福建工作期间,习近平始终强调从严治党,高度重视廉政建设。主政宁德时,习近平就明确提出:“中国共产党靠什么来得民心呢?靠的就是廉洁奉公,全心全意为人民服务。”[4]20在分析党内产生腐败现象的原因时,习近平指出:“干部素质低,思想意识不好,不但是产生腐败现象的重要原因之一,也是惩治腐败的障碍之一。”并借用古人为官之道的箴言大声疾呼“自身不正,何以正人?”“安天下,必须先正其身”[4]21。因此,各级领导干部接受马克思主义教育,提高自身思想认识和免疫力,不断地增强廉洁奉公的自我约束力。建立廉政责任制,“各级领导洁身自好,正人先正己,做好表率。用党性作为行为准则,严格执行廉洁自守规定”[4]23。习近平在高度肯定大多数党员立党为公的同时,也坦诚“党内一小部分人的腐败问题确实已经到了难以容忍,不惩治不足以平民愤的地步”。这种现象与党的宗旨和社会主义制度的本质相违背,“廉政建设是共产党人的历史使命,如果我们不能承担起这种历史使命,我们就会失去民心”[4]20。“从严治党、为政清廉关系到改革开放的成败,始终是我党的生命线。”[4]7故此,加强党的建设,就要坚决惩治腐败。在惩治腐败和廉政建设取得重大成果后面临的问题是“如何巩固战果,勇追穷寇,把惩治腐败的斗争引向深入”。对党内存在严重的腐败现象,习近平拍案而起:不惩治那些“以权捞钱、贪污受贿”“甚至侵占教育、扶贫和救灾物质”“胆大妄为”“中饱私囊”的官员,“我们的事业还有什么希望,我们何以取信270万闽东人民!”[4]21这些一针见血的批评,体现了习近平为民请命的情怀、廉洁务实的担当精神和反腐倡廉的坚强决心。同时,习近平也清醒地认识到实现党的廉政建设的目标并非一蹴而就,依然是任重而道远。那么如何“从根本上铲除腐败现象赖以生存的温床”呢?习近平指出,从制度上着手“建章立制,建立一整套系统、全面的制度以制约和监督权力的使用,这是杜绝腐败的根本性措施”。对于“已经实行的‘两公开一监督’制度,要继续坚持和不断完善”[4]22。广泛接受人民群众的批评监督,是我们党取信于民的力量源泉,也是实践党的宗旨的表现。此后,无论是担任福州市委书记还是福建省长,习近平都高度重视反腐倡廉,痛斥官场积弊,从制度上探索解决之道。在福建工作期间,习近平对反腐倡廉的思考进一步发展,其提出的反腐倡廉措施成效显着,为十八大以来反腐倡廉思想的成熟和完善奠定了丰富的理论基础和实践基础。

                            三、反腐倡廉思想渐成体系

                            ZHUZHENGZHEJIANGSHI,XIJINPINGJIURUHEJIAQIANGDANGDEFANFUCHANGLIANJIANSHEJINXINGLEGENGJIASHENRUDESIKAO,KAISHIJIANGHONGGUANCENGMIANYUJUTISHIJIANJIEHEQILAITANSUOFANFUCHANGLIANDEJIZHIJIANGOU。DUIFUBAILINGYUDUOFALINGYUHEGUANJIANGANGWEIDELIANZHENGJIANSHE,TAZHICHUYAOWANSHANZHIDU、QIANGHUAJIANDU,CONGYUANTOUSHANGXUNQIUPOJIEZHIDAO。XIJINPINGBUJINYAOQIUGEJILINGDAOGANBUSUANHAO“JINGJIZHANG”“FAJIZHANG”HE“LIANGXINZHANG”,ERQIESHENTILIXINGDAITOUXIANGQUANSHENGRENMINZUOHAOLIUTIAOLIANZHENGCHENGNUO。TICHUDANGFENGLIANZHENGJIANSHEYAO“JIAOYU、ZHIDU、JIANDU、CHENGCHU、GAIGE”WUWEIYITITONGBUTUIJIN,YAOZHUAJICHU、ZHUAZHONGDIAN、ZHUAGUANJIAN、ZHUAZHIJI、ZHUALONGTOU、ZHUAZHIBEN。LVXIANCHUTAI《ZHEJIANGSHENGFANFUCHANGLIANFANGFANTIXISHISHIYIJIAN(SHIXING)》,JINYIBUGUIFAN“SANQUAN”(SHIQUAN、CAIQUAN、RENSHIQUAN),WANSHAN“SIZHONGXIN”(XINGZHENGFUWUZHONGXIN、ZHAOTOUBIAOZHONGXIN、HUIJIHESUANZHONGXIN、JINGJIFAZHANHUANJINGTOUSUZHONGXIN)[5]。SHULI“YUESHILINGDAOGANBU,YUEYAOLIANJIEZILV,JIAQIANGJIANDU,YISHENZUOZE,DANGHAOBIAOLV”DEYISHI,“JIANCHILIANJIEWEIGUI,YINDAOGANBUQINGZHENGLIANJIE,ZIJUEZUODAOJUFUSHI、YONGBUZHAN”[6]81。GOUJIANKEXUEYANMIDEQUANLIYUNXINGJIANDUJIZHI,TONGGUODUIDANGZHENGLINGDAOGANBUXINGSHIQUANLIJINXINGZHIYUEHEJIANDU,CONGYUANTOUSHANGQUEBAOQUANLIBUHUIBEILANYONG。DUILINGDAOGANBU,TONGGUOYANGEDEZHIDUGUIFANRANGQI“BUNENGWEI”,TONGGUOQIANGHUAJINGSHIZUOYONGSHIQI“BUGANWEI”,TONGGUOZENGQIANGZISHEN“MIANYILI”CUQI“BUXIANGWEI”[6]70。QUANMIANJIAQIANGFANGZHIFUBAIGONGZUO,WANSHANLUOSHIJUYOUZHEJIANGTESEDECHENGZHIHEYUFANGFUBAITIXI[7]。TONGGUOZHEIXIEDADANTANSUOHEWUSHIJUCUO,ZHEJIANGSHENGDEFANFUCHANGLIANGONGZUOZOUZAIQUANGUOQIANLIE,YEWEITAHOULAIZAIQUANDANGKAIZHANFANFUFENGBAODIANDINGLEJIANSHIDESHIJIANJICHU。

                            ZHUZHENGSHANGHAISHI,ZAIFANFUCHANGLIANLINGYU,XIJINPINGQIANGDIAOLINGDAOGANBUYAOSUANHAO“SANBIZHANG”(“LIYIZHANG”“FAJIZHANG”HE“LIANGXINZHANG”),GUOHAO“WUDAOGUAN”(“SIXIANGGUAN”“QUANLIGUAN”“SHEHUIGUAN”“QINSHUGUAN”HE“SHENGHUOGUAN”)。“JIANCHIBIAOBENJIANZHI、ZONGHEZHILI、CHENGFANGBINGJU、ZHUZHONGYUFANGFANGZHEN,JIANLIJIANQUANJIAOYU、ZHIDU、JIANDUBINGZHONGDECHENGZHIHEYUFANGFUBAITIXI”,JIANGYUFANGYUCHENGZHIXIANGJIEHE,ZHIBIAOYUZHIBENXIANGJIEHE,“CONGJIAOYU、ZHIDU、JIANDU、CHENGCHU、GAIGEWUWEIYITISHANGZHENGTIJIAYITUIJIN”,CONGYUANTOUSHANGQIEDUANCHANSHENGFUBAIDEGENYUAN[8]。ZHEILITICHUDEFANFUCHANGLIANJIANSHE“SANBIZHANG”HE“WUWEIYITI”SIXIANGSHIXIJINPINGZAIZHEJIANGTICHUDE,JIANGZHEIZHONGFUYOUCHENGXIAODEFANFUJINGYANTUIGUANGDAOSHANGHAIBINGJINYIBUWANSHAN,BIAOMINGQIGUANDANGZHIDANGSIXIANGGENGJIACHENGSHU。ZAIFANFUCHANGLIANZHIDUJIANSHEFANGMIAN,XIJINPINGZHICHUZHIDUJIANSHEWEIFANFUCHANGLIANTIGONGJIBENBAOZHANG,BINGJIANGQIGUANCHUANYUDANGDEJIANSHEDEMEIYIGEFANGMIAN,XINGCHENGYONGZHIDUGUANQUAN、GUANSHI、GUANREN、GUANWUDETIZHIJIZHI。TONGSHI,XIJINPINGYERENSHIDAOWEIYOUCONGYUANTOUZHILIFUBAI,TONGGUOSHENHUATIZHIGAIGE,TUIDONGZHIDUCHUANGXIN,NULIXIAOCHUYINFAQUANLILANYONG、QUANLI“XUNZU”DEYINSU,CAINENGCONGGENYUANSHANGCHANCHUZISHENGMANYANFUBAIXIANXIANGDETURANGHETIAOJIAN,QUEBAODANGDEJIANKANGJITI。ZHICI,XIJINPINGFANFUCHANGLIANSIXIANGJIANCHENGTIXI。

                            四、反腐倡廉思想体系的成熟

                          决战棋牌   RUGUOSHUOXIJINPINGZHUZHENGDIFANGSHI,DUIFANFUCHANGLIANSIKAODEZHONGXINZAIYURUHEJIEHEGEDISHIJIANGUANCHELUOSHIZHONGYANGJINGSHEN,NEIME,ZAIDANRENZHONGYANGSHUJICHUCHANGWUSHUJIQIJIAN,XIJINPINGKAISHICONGQUANDANGDAJUCHUFA,SIKAOFANFUCHANGLIANJIZHIDEGOUJIAN。TAQIANGDIAOZHICHURUHEYOUXIAODIZHIXIAOJIFUBAIXIANXIANGQINSHIDANGDEJIANKANGJITI,SHIWOMENDANGZHANGQIMIANDUIDEZHONGDAKETI,ZAIZHANGQIZHIZHENGDEBEIJINGXIA,“XIAOJIFUBAIXIANXIANGZIZHANGMANYANDEWENTI,HUIBIYIWANGRENHESHIHOUDOUGENJIATUCHUDIBIAOXIANCHULAI”,YINCI,YAOJIANCHIBUXIEDIFANDUIHEFANGZHIFUBAI[9]。XIJINPINGDANRENZONGSHUJIYILAI,ZAIFANFUCHANGLIANFANGMIANTICHULEYIXILIEPOJUTESEYOUFUYOUCHENGXIAODECUOSHI。

                            (一)打铁还需自身硬

                            XIJINPINGDANRENZONGSHUJIYILAI,ZHANZAIDANGZHONGYANGDEGAODUFUKANQUANDANG,CONGQUANDANGDEDAJUCHUFA,DUIFANFUCHANGLIANJINXINGQUANFANGWEIDESHENRUSIKAO。FUBAISHIQINSHIDANGHEGUOJIAJITIJIANKANGDEDULIU,YUDANGDECHUNJIEXINGHEXIANJINXINGSHUIHUOBURONG。TAMINGQUEZHICHU:“FUBAISHISHEHUIDULIU,RUGUORENPINGFUBAIWENTIYUYANYULIE,ZUIZHONGBIRANWANGDANGWANGGUO。”[10]XIJINPINGZAIDANRENZONGSHUJIHOUDESHOUCIZHONGWAIJIZHEJIANMIANHUISHANGMINGQUEZHICHU,WEISHIXIAN“RENMINDUIMEIHAOSHENGHUODEXIANGWANG”ZHEIGEFENDOUMUBIAO,WOMENDANGJIUYAOXIADALIQIJIEJUERENMINQUNZHONGFANYINGBIJIAOQIANGLIEDEGEZHONGXIAOJIFUBAIXIANXIANGDENGTUCHUWENTI,POJIEDANGNEICUNZAIDEXUDUOJIDAIJIEJUEDEGEZHONGFENGXIANHETIAOZHAN。WEICI,TAHUYUQUANDANGYIDINGYAOJINGXINGQILAI,DATIEHAIXUZISHENYING[11]4。ZHEIJIZHAOSHILEWOMENDANGDECHUXINHESHIMING,YESHIWOMENDANGXIANGGUANGDARENMINQUNZHONGZUOCHUDEZHUANGYANCHENGNUO,ZHANGXIANLECONGYANGUANDANGZHIDANGDEJIANQIANGJUEXINHEJIANDINGXINNIAN。ZHEIJIUYAOQIUQUANDANGSHANGXIABIXUJINGXING,WEIYOUXIAOCHUDANGNEIGEZHONGXIAOJIFUBAIXIANXIANG,CAINENGSHIXIANZIWOJINGHUA,YINGDERENMINQUNZHONGDEZHICHI、XINLAIHEYONGHU,CAINENGSHIZHONGZOUZAISHIDAIQIANLIE,CHENGWEIZHONGGUORENMINDEZHUXINGUHEJIANQIANGLINGDAOHEXIN。XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIZAISHIJIUDABAOGAOZHONGTICHU“DATIEBIXUZISHENYING”,SHIDUIDANGDEJIANSHEXIANGGAOZHILIANGFAZHANDEXINYAOQIU,TUXIANLECONGDADANGZOUXIANGQIANGDANGDEJIANQIANGJUEXINHEZHENGZHIZIXIN,FACHULEXINSHIDAIQUANMIANCONGYANZHIDANGZAICHUFADECHONGFENGHAO。

                            (二)以人民利益为重

                            WOMENDANGDEZONGZHISHIQUANXINQUANYIWEIRENMINFUWU,XIJINPINGZONGSHUJITICHULEYIRENMINWEIZHONGXINDEZHIZHENGLINIAN,JUEDINGLEFANFUCHANGLIANJIUYAOYIRENMINLIYIWEIZHONGXIN。MIANDUIFANFUBAIDOUZHENGDEFUZAXINGYANJUNXING,YIJIFANFUBAIYUDAODEZULI、FENGXIANHETIAOZHAN,SHIXUANZEZUO“TAIPINGGUAN”HAISHIXUANZECHENGDANZEREN、YIRENMINLIYIWEIZHONG,XIJINPINGYIRANZUOCHUJUEZE。TATAIDUJIANJUEDIBIAOSHI:“RENMINBAQUANLIJIAOJIWOMEN,WOMENJIUBIXUYISHENXUDANGXUGUO、BAODANGBAOGUO,GAIZUODESHIJIUYAOZUO,GAIDEZUIDERENJIUDEDEZUI。BUDEZUIFUBAIFENZI,JIUBIRANHUIGUFUDANG、DEZUIRENMIN。SHIPADEZUICHENGBAISHANGQIANDEFUBAIFENZI,HAISHIPADEZUISHISANYIRENMIN?BUDEZUICHENGBAISHANGQIANDEFUBAIFENZI,JIUYAODEZUISHISANYIRENMIN。ZHEISHIYIBIZAIMINGBAIBUGUODEZHENGZHIZHANG、RENXINXIANGBEIDEZHANG!”FANGGUOFUBAIFENZIJIUSHI“DUIRENMINDEFANZUI、DUIDANGBUFUZEREN!”[12]

                            “QIANBAIREN”HE“SHISANYI”KANSIYIDAOBIJIAOJIANDANDEZHENGZHIZHANG,ERZHEDEQINGZHONGFENLIANGBUYANZIMING,DANZHENZHENGWANCHENGRANGRENMINQUNZHONGMANYIDEDAJUANBINGFEIYISHI。QIANBAINIANLAI,“DEMINXINZHEDETIANXIA”DEDAOLIRENJINJIEZHI,DANZHENZHENGNENGGOUBINGCHI“GOULIGUOJIASHENGSIYI”DELINIANHESHIMINGDANDANG,YI“SUIQIANWANRENWUWANGYI”DEJIANJUETAIDU,YUFUBAIWANJIZUOSHENGSICUNWANGDEDOUZHENGDEYOUYOUJIREN?GUJINZHONGWAIYOUYOUDUOSHAOZHIZHENGZHEHUOZHENGDANGZAIGEWUSHENGPINGZHONGBEIFUBAIFUSHI,MISHIZIJI,ZUIZHONGZOUXIANGWANGDANGWANGGUO,ZHEIZHONGSHENKEDELISHIJIAOXUNYINJIANBUYUAN。WEIYOUJIANGRENMINQUNZHONGDELIYISHIZHONGFANGZAISHOUWEI,CAINENGCONGGENBENSHANGYUFUBAIFENZISHUIHUOBURONG,GOUJIANQIQINGZHENGLIANMINGDEZHENGZHISHENGTAI。WEILERENMINQUNZHONG,ZHEIZHONGGAOYAQIANGLIFANFU、LINGRONGRENDEMUDESHIWEILEYINGDEDANGXINMINXIN。“DEZUIQIANBAIREN,BUFUSHISANYI”,TUXIANLEXIJINPINGZONGSHUJIFANFUCHANGLIANDEJUEXIN,YESHIXIANGQUANGUORENMINZUOCHUDECHENGNUO,GENGSHIJILIHEBIANCE。

                            XIJINPINGZHUZHENGNINGDESHIJIUCENGTICHUGUOLEISIDESIXIANG,ZAITANDAOFANFUBAISHEJIDAOQINPENGHAOYOU“RENQINGGUAN”RUHECHULISHI,TAMINGQUEZHICHU:“SHIGANGZHENGBUA、TIEMIANWUSI,HAISHISHOUXIALIUQING,DASHIHUAXIAO,XIAOSHIHUALE?RUGUOSHIZHEIYANG,WOMENZAIYIGERENSHENSHANGSANGSHIYUANZE,WOMENJIUHUIZAIQIANBAIWANRENXINSHANGSHIQUXINREN!”[3]22ZHENDUICHACHUGANBUWEIGUISIJIANZHUZHAISHICUNZAINANYIXIADINGJUEXIN、QUEFAGANYUDANDANGJINGSHEN,XIJINPINGPAIANERQI,“WOMENSHIDEZUIJIQIANMINGGANBU,HAISHIDEZUIJIBAIWANQUNZHONG?”[11]431XIJINPINGCONGZHUZHENGDIFANGSHITICHU“SHIDEZUIJIQIANMINGGANBU,HAISHIDEZUIJIBAIWANQUNZHONG?”DAODANRENDANGDEZONGSHUJIHOUTICHU“SHIPADEZUICHENGBAISHANGQIANDEFUBAIFENZI,HAISHIPADEZUISHISANYIRENMIN?”WULUNSHIYUQI、YONGCI、WENFENG,HAISHIZERENGAN、SHIMINGGAN,YIHUOSHIQIPO、DANSHIHEFANFUDEJUEXIN,HEQIXIANGSI!XIANERYIJIAN,XIJINPINGQIANGLIFANFUDEJUEXIN、WEIMINQINGMINGDEQINGHUAI,YICIYINGDEDANGXINMINXINDESIXIANGYIMAIXIANGCHENGERYOUYUSHIJUJIN。

                            (三)制度反腐

                            FANFUBAISHIWEILECHUNJIEDANGDEDUIWU、GONGGUDANGDEZHIZHENGGENJI,NEIME,RUHEJIANLIQIZHANGXIAOJIZHILAIQUEBAORENMINQUNZHONGDELIYINI?ZHEIJIUYAOKAOZHIDULAITIGONGBAOZHANG,ZHIDUSHIGUANGENBEN,GUANHUZHANGYUAN。YIXIJINPINGTONGZHIWEIHEXINDEDANGZHONGYANGDUIRUHETIAOCHUZHONGGUOLISHISHANG“QIXINGYEBOYAN,QIWANGYEHUYAN”DE“ZHENGZHIZHOUQILV”YOUSHENRUDESIKAO。TAZHICHUDANGFENGLIANZHENGJIANSHEHEFANFUBAIDOUZHENGRENWUJIANJU,WEIYOU“JIANDINGJUEXIN,YOUFUBIFAN、YOUTANBISU,BUDUANCHANCHUFUBAIXIANXIANGZISHENGMANYANDETURANG”,CAINENG“YISHIJICHENGXIAOQUXINYUMIN”[11]345-346。TAQIANGDIAOYILINGRONGREN、WUJINQU、QUANFUGAIDETAIDUZHONGQUANFANFU,JIANCHI“LAOHU”“CANGYING”YIQIDA,“JIANQUANQUANLIYUNXINGZHIYUEHEJIANDUTIXI”,“BAQUANLIGUANJINZHIDUDELONGZILI”,“RANGQUANLIZAIYANGGUANGXIAYUNXING”[13]64。BUDUANWANSHANZHIDUTIXIJIANSHE,“ZUIDAXIANDUJIANSHAOTIZHIQUEXIANHEZHIDULOUDONG,TONGGUOSHENHUAGAIGEBUDUANCHANCHUFUBAIXIANXIANGZISHENGMANYANDETURANG”[11]392。DANGDESHIBADAYILAI,DANGZHONGYANGXIANHOUXIUDINGXIUGAI90DUOBUDANGNEIFAGUI,GUANDANGZHIDANGDE“LUOSHUAN”YUENINGYUEJIN,ZHIDUZHIDANGCHENGWEIQUANMIANCONGYANZHIDANGDEGENBENZHIJU。SHIJIUDABAOGAOZHONGTICHUYONG“LIUZHI”QUDAI“LIANGGUI”,SHIYONGFAZHISIWEI、FAZHIFANGSHICHENGZHIFUBAI,SHIFANFUZHIDUHUADEZHONGYAOBIAOZHI。CHENGLIGUOJIAJIANCHAWEIYUANHUI,JISHIJIANQUANDANGHEGUOJIAJIANDUTIXI,YOUSHIZHIDUHUAFANFUMAISHANGLEXINTAIJIE。

                            ZAISHENKEZONGJIEGUOWAIZHANGQIZHIZHENGDEDADANGLAODANGYOUYUTANWUFUBAISHENGXING,DAOZHIMINYUANZAIDAO、SHEHUIDONGDANG、WANGDANGWANGGUODEJIAOXUNHOU,XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIQIANGDIAOZHICHU:“DALIANGSHISHIGAOSUWOMEN,FUBAIWENTIYUEYANYUELIE,ZUIZHONGBIRANHUIWANGDANGWANGGUO!”[11]16ZHEIJUEFEIWEIYANSONGTING。WEICITAHUYUQUANDANG:“YAOSHENKERENSHIFANFUBAIDOUZHENGDEZHANGQIXING、FUZAXING、JIANJUXING,YIMENGYAOQUKE、ZHONGDIANZHILUANDEJUEXIN,YIGUAGULIAODU、ZHUANGSHIDUANWANDEYONGQI,JIANJUEBADANGFENGLIANZHENGJIANSHEHEFANFUBAIDOUZHENGJINXINGDAODI。”[11]394ZAIGUONEI“DAHU”“PAIYING”DETONGSHI,ZAIGUOJISHANGJIAQIANGYUXIFANGGUOJIADEFANFUBAIHEZUO,QIDONG“TIANWANGXINGDONG”,JINXING“LIEHU”,ZAIQUANQIUFABU“BAIMINGHONGSETONGJILING”,YUNYONGWAIJIAO、JINRONGDENGSHOUDUAN,JIANGTAOWANGHAIWAIDEFUBAIFENZIYINDUHUIGUO,SHENGZHIYIFA,ZUDUANXIFANGGUOJIASHIFUBAIFENZITAOBICHENGFADETIANTANGHE“ZUIHOUYIGENJIUMINGDAOCAO”。“BUGUANFUBAIFENZITAODAONALI,DOUYAOJINAGUIAN、SHENGZIYIFA。”[14]TUXIANLEYIXIJINPINGTONGZHIWEIHEXINDEDANGZHONGYANGFANDUIFUBAIDEJIANQIANGJUEXIN,XIANGDANGNEIWAIHEGUOJISHEHUIXUANSHIYUFUBAISHUIHUOBURONGDEXIANMINGTAIDU。

                            (四)反腐败斗争未有穷期

                            XIJINPINGZONGSHUJIZHUZHENGHOU,QINGXINGDIRENSHIDAOWOMENDANGMIANLINDEYANJUNXINGSHI,DANGFENGLIANZHENGJIANSHEHEFANFUBAIDOUZHENGBUKENENGYICUERJIU、BIQIGONGYUYIYI,YINCIDUOCITICHUWOMENDANGYAOJUANSIWEI,BAOCHI“GANKAO”XINTAI,DANGFENGLIANZHENGJIANSHEYONGYUANZAILUSHANG,FANFUBAIDOUZHENGWEIYOUQIONGQI。FANFUBAISHIMINXINSUOXIANG,CHENGZHIFUBAISHIWEILEYINGDEDANGXINMINXIN,“WOMENDANGHENGXIAYITIAOXINLAIFANFUBAI,JUEFEIYISHIXINGQI,YEBUSHIHESHEIGUOBUQU,ERSHIYAOCHENGDANQILISHIHERENMINFUYUDEZEREN”[15]。FOUZEJIUHUISHIQUZHIZHENGDEGENJIHEXUEMAI,SANGSHILILIANGZHIYUAN。“SHIDAISHICHUJUANREN,WOMENSHIDAJUANREN,RENMINSHIYUEJUANREN。”XIJINPINGQIANGLIEDELISHIDANDANGJINGSHENBUYANERYU,ZHEIJISHIHUYUHEJINGGAO,YESHIDUIWOMENDANGRUHETIAOCHULISHIZHOUQILVKAICHUDEYIJI“LIANGFANG”。

                            XIJINPINGDANRENZONGSHUJIYILAI,GAOJUFANFULIJIAN,ZAIQUANDANGSHANGXIAXIANQIFANFUFENGBAO,QIANGHUAQUANLIYUNXINGJIANDUJIZHI,JINXINGDINGCENGSHEJI,BAQUANLIGUANJINZHIDUDELONGZILI。QUANGUOSUOYOUSHENG、ZIZHIQU、ZHIXIASHIJUNYOUFUSHENGJIYISHANGGANBULUOMA,SHIBADADAOSHIJIUDAWUNIANQIJIANCHACHU440MINGSHENGJUNJIYISHANGGANBU;SHIJIUDAYILAI,YOUCHACHUZHONGGUANGANBU80YUMING。“DANGNEICONGLAIMEIYOU‘DANSHUTIEQUAN’,SHEIYEDANGBUCHENG‘TIEMAOZIWANG’!ZHEIYANGDEGAOYAFANFU,QUNZHONGZENHUIBUHUANYING?ZHEIYANGDETIEWANCHENGTAN,BAIXINGYANNENGBUZHICHI?”ZAIDAHUBUTINGXIEDETONGSHI,“PAIYINGBUSHOURUAN”,CHACHUTINGJUJI、XIANCHUJI、KEJIJIYIXIAGANBU100DUOWANREN,BIAOMINGWOMENDANGDUI“XIAOGUANJUTAN”XIANXIANGJUEBUSHOURUAN。FANFUBAIDOUZHENGJIDANGQUANDANG,FUBAIFENZIFENFENLUOMA,ERGUANGDARENMINQUNZHONGHUANHUQUEYUE,JIAOHAOSHENGCIQIBIFU。

                            DANGFENGLIANZHENGJIANSHEHEFANFUBAIDOUZHENGCHENGXIAOXIANZHE,CHENGWEISHIBADAYILAI“DANGHEGUOJIAGONGZUOZHONGZUIDADELIANGDIAN、ZUISHENDERENXINDE”SHIQING,RENMINQUNZHONGDUIFANFUBAIGONGZUOCHENGXIAODEMANYIDU“YOU2012NIANDE75.0%ZENGZHANGZHI2016NIANDE92.9%”。JINGUANRUCI,XIJINPINGQIANGDIAOBUNENGYOUJIANHAOJIUSHOU、YILAOYONGYIDEXIANGFA,XUZHONGEZHI、QIANGGAOYA、ZHANGZHENSHE、CHIZHIYIHENG、SHANZUOSHANCHENG,TUIDONGQUANMIANCONGYANZHIDANGXIANGZONGSHENFAZHAN。“WOMENYAOJIANCHIWENTIDAOXIANG,BAOCHIZHANLVEDINGLI,TUIDONGQUANMIANCONGYANZHIDANGXIANGZONGSHENFAZHAN,GONGGUKUODAFANFUBAIYADAOXINGTAISHI,ZAILISHIXINGGANKAOZHONGBUDUANXIANGRENMINJIAOCHUYOUYIDEDAJUAN。”[16]ZAICHIXUSHENGSHIHAODADEGAOYAFANFUTAISHIXIA,WEIFALUANJIDEGAOGUAN“TOUANZISHOU”DEXIAOXIPINPINJIANZHUBAODUAN,WAITAORENYUANYEFENFENZHUDONGTOUAN,BIAOMINGFANFUCHANGLIANZOUCHULEYITIAOZHUOYOUCHENGXIAODELUZI,YINZHENGLE“FANFUBAIDOUZHENGQUDEYADAOXINGSHENGLI,QUANMIANCONGYANZHIDANGQUDEZHONGDACHENGGUO”DEPANDUAN。JINGUANRUCI,FANFUBAIDOUZHENGXINGSHIBUJINYIRANYANJUNFUZA,ERQIESHANGWEIQUDECHEDISHENGLI,“QUANMIANCONGYANZHIDANGYIRANRENZHONGDAOYUAN,BIXUJIANG‘YAN’ZIZHANGQIJIANCHIXIAQU”[17],FANFUBAIDOUZHENGWEIYOUQIONGQI、YONGYUANZAILUSHANG,FACHULEXINSHIDAIQUANMIANCONGYANZHIDANGZAICHUFADEKENGQIANGHAOLING!ZHEIJISHIBIANCEWOMENQIANXINGLUSHANGBUWANGCHUXIN,YESHIXIANGWAIJIEXUANSHIDANGZHONGYANGYINGZAOQINGZHENGLIANJIE、ZHENGZHIQINGMINGDEZHENGZHISHENGTAIHUANJINGDEJUEXIN,TONGSHIBIAOMINGWOMENDANGYOUNENGLI、YOUXINXINTONGGUO“LISHISANXIA”,CONGERMAIXIANGXIANDAIHUADEMINZUQIANGGUOZHENGCHENG,SHIXIANZHONGHUAMINZUWEIDAFUXINGDEZHONGGUOMENG。

                          决战棋牌   ZONGGUANXIJINPINGCONGZHENG30DUONIANLAIFANFUCHANGLIANSIXIANGMAILUOFAZHANYANBIANDELISHIJINCHENG,CONGDANRENXIANWEISHUJIDAOSHIWEISHUJISHIQIDUIFANFUCHANGLIANDECHUBUTANSUO,DAOSHENGWEISHUJISHIQIDEZHUBUWANSHAN,ZAIDAOZONGSHUJIZHANZAIQUANDANGGAODUDETONGPANKAOLV,CHENGXIANCHUXIJINPINGGUORENDEDANSHI、QIUZHENWUSHIDEJINGSHEN、JUDADEZHENGZHIYONGQI、KEGUIDELILUNCHUANGXINPINZHI。ZAIJICHENGDANGDEFANFUCHANGLIANLISHIJINGYANDEJICHUSHANG,JINGGUODUONIANDEJIANXINTANSUO、SHENSISHULVHEFENGFUSHIJIAN,XIJINPINGFANFUCHANGLIANSIXIANGRIQUCHENGSHU。“JIUCENGZHITAI,QIYULEITU”,XIJINPINGFANFUCHANGLIANSIXIANGBINGFEIYISHIXINGCHENGDE,ERSHIZAIZHANGQICONGZHENGSHIJIANZHONGZHUJIANTANSUO、JILEI、XINGCHENG、FAZHAN、WANSHANQILAIDE,YOUQISHENHOUDELISHIJICHU、ZHANGQIDESHIJIANJICHUHEFENGFUDEXIANSHIJICHU,JISHIHOUJIBOFA,YOUYOULISHIBIRANXING。TADEFANFUCHANGLIANSIXIANGJIYOUHOUZHONGDELISHISHIJIAN,YOUYOUXIANMINGDESHIDAITESE;JIDUIDANGDELIANZHENGJIANSHECHONGMANZIXIN,YOUYOUDUIYANJUNXINGSHIDEYOUHUANYISHI;JIYOUDUILIANZHENGJIANSHECHENGGONGJINGYANDEJICHENGHEFAZHAN,YOUYOUTAGERENDUTESIKAOHEBUDUANCHUANGXIN。ZHEICHONGFENBIAOMINGXIJINPINGFANFUCHANGLIANSIXIANGYIJINGXINGCHENGYIGEJIAOWEIWANZHENGDELILUNTIXI,YEBIRANHUIJIANGDANGDEJIANSHEXINDEWEIDAGONGCHENGTUIXIANGXINDELISHIGAODU。

                            参考文献

                            [1] 冯旺舟.十八大以来习近平党建思想研究述评[J].湖北工业大学学报,2017(3):5-9.
                            [2] 赵秀华.习近平党建思想研究的动态概览及前瞻[J].观察与思考,2016(12):88-98.
                            [3] 习近平.知之深爱之切[M].石家庄:河北人民出版社,2015.
                            [4] 习近平.摆脱贫困[M].福州:福建人民出版社,1992.
                            [5] 习近平.认真贯彻落实党的十六大精神全面建设小康社会加快推进社会主义现代化事业[J].今日浙江,2001(1):4-16.
                            [6] 习近平.之江新语[M].杭州:浙江人民出版社,2007.
                            [7] 习近平.在全省经济工作会议上的讲话[J].政策了望,2006(1):4-14.
                            [8] 缪毅容.切实过好“五关” 全面推进反腐倡廉建设[N].解放日报,2006-08-11(1).
                            [9] 习近平.改革开放30年党的建设回顾与思考[N].学习时报,2007-09-08(1).
                            [10] 张烁.更加科学有效地防治腐败,坚定不移把反腐倡廉建设引向深入[N].人民日报,2012-01-23(1).
                            [11] 习近平.习近平谈治国理政[M].北京:外文出版社,2014.
                            [12] 习近平.深化改革巩固成果积极拓展不断把反腐败斗争引向深入[N].人民日报,2014-01-14(1).
                            [13] 中共中央纪律检查委员会,中共中央文献研究室.习近平关于党风廉政建设和反腐败斗争论述摘编[G].北京:中央文献出版社,2015.
                            [14] 习近平.决胜全面建成小康社会夺取新时代中国特色社会主义伟大胜利:在中国共产党第十九次全国代表大会上的报告[N].人民日报,2016-10-28(1).
                            [15] 人民日报评论员.铁腕反腐凝聚党心[N].人民日报,2014-07-31(1).
                            [16] 温红彦,盛若蔚,姜洁,等.坚决打赢反腐败这场正义之战:党的十八大以来反腐败斗争成就述评[N].人民日报,2016-09-18(1).
                          决战棋牌   [17] 新华社.分析研究2019年经济工作研究部署党风廉政建设和反腐败工作[N].人民日报,2017-12-14(1).

                            霍贺.习近平反腐倡廉思想的历史考察[J].华北水利水电大学学报(社会科学版),2019,35(06):13-18. 转载请注明来源。原文地址:http://gxkelong.com/html/zhlw/20200314/8282081.html   

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