决战棋牌

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                        1. 中国哲学发展方向忧思

                          【摘要】当前,哲学被严重地疏远化和边缘化。哲学学科的出路在于:哲学应该以强烈的责任感关注时代问题,关注人的幸福和命运,关注生活的价值和意义。哲学家应该知行合一,体现出哲学家思维方式、生活方式的深刻性和感召力。哲学要保持反思批判的精神品质,彰显学科的
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                            【摘要】当前,哲学决战棋牌被严重地疏远化和边缘化。哲学学科的出路在于:哲学应该以强烈的责任感关注时代问题,关注人的幸福和命运,关注生活的价值和意义。哲学家应该知行合一,体现出哲学家思维方式、生活方式的深刻性和感召力。哲学要保持反思批判的精神品质,彰显学科的尊严。


                          决战棋牌  【GUANJIANCI】ZHEXUE,XUEKE,SHIDAIJINGSHEN,JIAZHI


                          决战棋牌  【ZHONGTUFENLEIHAO】B262


                            【WENXIANBIAOSHIMA】A


                            ZAIYIDINGCHENGDUSHANG,ZHEXUECHENGLESHANGBUZHETIAN、XIABUZHEDIDE“XUANGUAWU”


                            在古代,哲学曾经被当作“科学之科学”或“科学之王”,可近代以来,随着各门具体科学的产生和发展,哲学被挤出了科学特别是自然科学领域。哲学不如科学那样精细,也不具有自然科学所具有的方法和工具,在对“实然世界”即具体事物的研究方面,越来越显得力不从心。特别是20世纪以来,科学技术日新月异,计算机决战棋牌技术深入各个领域,哲学的概括能力、总结功能显得越来越逊色。随着时代的发展,哲学研究越来越集中于精神和价值方面,关注“应然世界”。然而,在对人们的价值领域和精神家园的建构方面,哲学又受到了来自宗教的挑战,在很大程度上,宗教代替了哲学成为人们的精神导师,以至于我们很难界定哪里才是哲学的领域。哲学成了上不着天、下不着地的“悬挂物”:上比不上宗教,不能给人提供信仰和终极关怀;下比不上科学,不能提供知识和技能,不能给人带来现实的物质利益。所以,一些人就断言哲学的时代已经终结,人类社会已经开始进入“后哲学时代”。这种关于研究对象的迷茫阻碍了哲学学科的发展。


                            当代大众文化的兴起,使得晦涩难懂的哲学被边缘化。在过去漫长的时间里,精英文化占主导地位,哲学受到推崇;而现在我们进入了大众文化的时代,在这个时代,崇高受到嘲笑,深刻遭到唾弃,快餐式的文化消费使得晦涩高深的哲学无人问津。哲学除了在“学术共同体”的小圈子里互相欣赏之外,失去了对社会的有效影响。


                            在中国,哲学的研究也没有及时跟上时代的步伐。这些年来,在我国高校和各种哲学研究机构,一方面是哲学教科书的僵化和老化,教条哲学几十年来没有多大变化,远远跟不上时代的发展和要求,背离了“时代精神的精华”这一哲学的本质特征;另一方面是中国哲学、外国哲学和马克思主义哲学之间没有达到真正的对话、转化和融合,学者在各自的领域使用各自的话语系统,谈论各自的哲学概念、命题和论断。这就使得中国哲学领域的研究过于分化和散乱,从而失去了凝聚力和外扩力。应该说,哲学被边缘化也有哲学工作者的责任。


                          决战棋牌  YISHANGWENTIDECUNZAI,BUDEBUSHIZHEXUEXUEZHEMENSIKAO:ZHONGGUOZHEXUEXUEKEWEILAIFAZHANDEFANGXIANGSHISHENME?DANGQIANZHONGGUOZHEXUEXUEKEDECHULUZAINALI?MEIGUODANGDAIZHEXUEJIASUOLUOMEN《DAWENTI――JIANMINGZHEXUEDAOLUN》RENWEI,ZHEXUEGUANZHUSHENGHUODEYIYI、XINYANGYULIXING、SHIZAIDEBENXING、ZHENLIDEZHUIXUN、ZIWO、ZIYOU、DAODEYUMEIHAOSHENGHUO、ZHENGYIYUHAODESHEHUI、MEI。ZHEIJIWOMENDAILAIQIFA,YAOZHENXINGZHONGGUODEZHEXUEXUEKE,ZHISHAOYAOZUOHAOYIXIAJIGEFANGMIAN。


                            ZHEXUEBUNENGYUANLIRENDESHENGHUO,YINGGAIGUANZHURENDEXINGFUHEMINGYUN


                            SHENMESHIZHEXUE?ZHEXUEDEZHENZHENGWENTISHISHENME?ZHEXUEHEZHEXUEJIADESHIMINGSHISHENME?ZHEIXIEWENTIDOUXUYAOZHONGXINFANSI。


                            WOMENRENWEI,ZHEXUESHOUXIANYINGGAIGUANZHURENMENDEXINGFUWENTI。XINGFUGANKEYILIJIEWEIMANYIGAN、KUAILEGANHEJIAZHIGANDEYOUJITONGYI。YOUSHIHOU,XINGFUGANDEHUODEHEWUZHICAIFUDEHUODEBUJINBUYIZHI,SHENZHIHUICHUXIANZHEIYANGDEXIANXIANG:SUIZHERENMENDUIWAIZAIWUZHILIYIDEZHUIQIUHEYUWANGDEPENGZHANG,RENMENDUIWAIZAIDEDONGXIYUELAIYUEYILAI,ERNEIXINSHIJIEYUELAIYUEKONGXU,DAODEZIWOYUELAIYUECUIRUO,XINYANGWEIJI、JINGSHENKONGXUJIUSUIZHIERLAI。ZHENGRUYIWEILUOMAGUANYUANZAICHANHUIZHONGSUOSHUO:“XIAOSHIHOUBAYICICHISHANG30GEBAOZIDANGZUORENSHENGLIXIANGSHI,WOHUIGANDAOHENXINGFU;DANGYUESHOURU5000YUANZHIHOU,WORENGRANGANJUEBUDAOKUAILE,DANGSHIYE、AIQING、JIATING、JINQIANSHENMEDOUBUQUEDESHIHOU,WOJINGCHANGGANDAOHENKONGXU。”ZAIDANGJINSHEHUIZHONG,ZHEIYANGDELIZIJUEBUZHIYIGE。MIANDUIZHEIXIESHEHUIWENTI,ZHEXUEBUNENGXIUSHOUPANGGUAN,ERYINGGAIWEIRENMENSISUOYITIAOTONGWANGXINGFUDEDAOLUHEJIANYI。ZHAOTINGYANGZAI《LUNKENENGSHENGHUO》YISHUZHONGZHICHU:“XIANDAISHEHUISHENGCHANLEDALIANGDECAIFU、WUZHIHESUOWEIDEZHISHI,HAICHANSHENGLEJIEGOUYANMIDEGEZHONGZHIDU,XUANBULEGENGDUODEQUANLIHEZIYOU,TIGONGLEGEZHONGSHEHUIFULIHEXIANJINJISHU,DENGDENGWUSHUZHONGLIYIHEHAOCHU,KESHIWEISHENMEJIUSHIBUNENGZENGJINXINGFU?CAIFU、JISHUHEXIANGLEDEFENGKUANGFAZHANHENKENENGSHIXINGFUDECUOWUTIDAIWU,TAMENBARENMENDESIKAOYINXIANGSHENGHUODEXIZHIMOJIE,ERYANGAILEZUIYAOMINGDEGENBENWENTI,JIRENDEXINGFUHERENLEIDEMINGYUN。”①


                          决战棋牌  ZHEXUEHAIYINGGAIMIQIEGUANZHURENDEMINGYUNWENTI。XIANZAIYIXIERENJINGSHENMIMANG、QINGGANKUNHUO、YIZHICUIRUO、XINYANGQUESHI,BUZHIDAORENSHENGDEYIYIHEJIAZHIJIUJINGHEZAI,BUZHIDAORENSHENGHEQUHECONG,BAOKUOYIXIEGONGCHANDANGYUAN、LINGDAOGANBUZAINEI,YECHUXIANZHEIYANGNEIYANGDEWENTI。ERGUJINZHONGWAIDEZHEXUESIXIANGZHONG,YIGEZHONGYAOFANGMIANJIUSHIGUANYURENDEBENZHI、XINXINGXIUYANGHESHENGMINGGUANHUAIDENEIRONG,ZUOWEIRENMENXIUSHENYANGXING、ANSHENLIMING、WEIRENCHUSHIDEJIAZHIZHIYIN、JINGSHENZHIZHUHELINGHUNDEJIAYUAN,ZHEISHIRENHEQITAXUEKESUOWEINENGQUDAIDE,YINGDANGZAIDANGXIAFAHUIGENGDADEZUOYONG。


                            ZHEXUEBUNENGDUOZAIXIANGYATA,YINGGUANZHUXIANSHIWENTI


                            哲学是生活的产物,是实践的结晶。哲学发展的源泉和动力,来自社会实践,来自人类文明成果的不断积累。马克思认为,“真正的哲学都是自己时代精神的精华”。哲学工作者一定要把握时代脉搏,深入研究当今世界和当代中国决战棋牌发展提出的一系列新课题,不断开辟哲学研究的新境界。国外哲学家往往对社会现实和重大问题表现出高度的关切,经常发表自己的观点、见解和解决思路,而国内的哲学工作者多表现出“事不关己,高高挂起”的冷漠,这使得哲学在人们心目中形成可有可无的印象,抽象得不食人间烟火。有学者把哲学工作者不关注现实的现象称作“哲学的失语”。今后哲学不能一直躲在象牙塔,而应回归生活世界,回归社会现实,回归人的生存与发展。


                            ZHEXUEJIRENMENDEYINXIANGSHICHOUXIANGERHUISE,BUSHAORENRENWEIZHEXUEXUANAOERYUANLIRENDESHENGHUO,QISHI,ZHEISHIDUIZHEXUEDEWUJIE。ZHEXUESUOGUANZHUDEWENTIKEYISHUOSHI“YUANZAITIANBIANJINZAIYANQIAN”,BIRUSHIJIESHISHENME,SHIJIEYOUXIANHAISHIWUXIAN,KANQILAIHAOXIANGYUGERENDESHENGHUOMEIYOUGUANXI,SHIJISHANGTAGUANHUDAOYIGERENSIWEIKONGJIAN、SIWEIFANGSHI,YINGXIANGDAOGERENDEJIAZHIYUPANHEXINGWEIXUANZE。KANGDEDE“SANDAPIPAN”TEBIESHI《CHUNCUILIXIANGPIPAN》HENNANDONG,DANGSHIHENDUORENDOUNANYIJIANCHIBATADUWAN,DANDANGRENMENDUDONGYIHOUJIUFAXIAN,TASUOTANTAODEWENTILIRENDECUNZAIHEFAZHANDUOMEMIQIE,BIRU“WONENGGOUZHIDAOSHENME”“WOYINGGAIZENMEZUO”“WONENGGOUQIXUSHENME”HE“RENSHISHENME”,ZHEIXIEWENTIZHIJINRENGRANSHIRENMENWUFATAOBIDEWENTI。YINCI,ERBAIDUONIANGUOQULE,KANGDEZHEXUESIXIANGDESHENGMINGLIBUJINMEIYOUXIAOTUI,FANERYUELAIYUEHUANFACHUXIYINLI。TONGYANG,HAIDEGEERDEZHEXUEYUYANFENGGEXIANGDUIHUISENANDONG,DANTADUIRENDECUNZAIZHUANGTAI、CUNZAIBENZHIHERENLEIMINGYUNDEGUANZHUHESIKAO,SHIQIZHEXUESIXIANGYINGXIANGGUANGFANERSHENYUAN。KEJIAN,ZHEXUEBINGBUYUANLIREN,RENYEBUYINGGAIYUANLIZHEXUE。ZHEXUEHEXIANSHIMIQIELIANXI,WEISHIDAIHEMINZUTIGONGHEXINDEJIAZHIGUANSHIZHEXUEJIABUKETAOBIDESHEHUIZEREN。YINCI,XIANSHISHENGHUOHUHUANZHEXUE,HUHUANGUANZHUXIANSHISHENGHUO、GUANZHURENDEXINGFUHEMINGYUNDEZHEXUEJIA。


                          决战棋牌  ZHEXUEJIABUNENGGUOYUSHISU,YINGGAICHENGWEIZHENZHENGDEZHEREN


                            CONGSHIZHEXUEYANJIUHEZHEXUEJIAOXUEDEREN,TEBIESHINEIXIEZAIZHEXUEJIEPOFUYINGXIANGLIDEREN,BENSHENDUIZHEXUEDETAIDU,BENSHENSUOJUYOUDESHIJIEGUAN、RENSHENGGUAN、JIAZHIGUAN,BENSHENDESHENGHUOFANGSHI、SIWEIFANGSHI、YANXINGJUZHIDENGFANGMIAN,ZHIJIEYINGXIANGZHERENMENDUIZHEXUEDEKANFAHETAIDU。YOUXIEZHEXUEJIAOSHIZHAOBENXUANKE,JIANGYIXIEZIJIYEBUXIANGXINDEHUA;HUOZHEZIJICONGSHIZHEXUEYANJIUHEJIAOXUE,QUEDATANZHEXUEWUYONG,ZHEIBIJIANGDADAYINGXIANGZHEXUEZAIRENMENXINMUZHONGDEXINGXIANGHEDIWEI。YIGEMANSHENTONGCHOUWEIDERENDATANJINGSHENSHENGHUODEJIAZHIHEDAODEDECHONGGAO,HENDUORENSHIBUHUIXIANGXINDE。ZHEXUEJIAYAOYOUZHEXUEJIADEGUQI,GUOYUSHISUDEJIGONGJINLIZHEBUSHIHECONGSHIZHEXUESHIYE。


                            ZHEXUEJIAYINGGAICHENGWEIZHENZHENGDEZHEREN,CHENGWEIYANXINGYIZHIDEREN。SUOWEIZHERENJIUSHICHONGSHANGZHIHUIDEREN,KANWENTIYOUDUDAOJIANJIE、SIXIANGHENYOUSHENDUDEREN。YINCI,ZHEXUEJIABUJINYAODUIZIJIDEZHEXUEZHUZHANGSHENXINBUYI,ERQIEYAODUIZIJIDEJIAZHICHANGDAOSHENTILIXING。GUDAIBUSHAOZHEXUEJIADOUZUODAOLE,TAMENZHIXINGHEYI、YANXINGYIZHI,CONGERCHENGWEILINGRENZUNJINGQIEYINGXIANGSHENYUANDEREN。GUDAIZHEXUEYUZHEXUEJIADEJUTISHENGHUOMIBUKEFEN,ZHEXUEJIAZONGSHIBUMANYUSHISUDESHENGHUO,TAMENJIELIZHUIQIUYIZHONGZHENZHENGZHIDEGUODESHENGHUO,ZHUIQIUJIGAOMINGDESHENGHUOZHIHUI。DANXIANDAIXUEYUANPAIZHEXUEYILUNWEIHUAYUTIXI、LUNBIANHUODONGHUOLUOJIFENXI,ZHEISHIZHEXUEDEDUOLUOHEBEIAI。XUEZHELUFENGRENWEI,“ZHEXUEXUHUIGUISHENGHUO,ZHONGXINZHUIQIUJIGAOMINGDESHENGHUOZHIHUI,CAINENGDUISHIDAORENXINYOUSUOBIYI。”②ZHEXUEHUIGUISHENGHUO,YIFANGMIANYAOHUIDAOSHIDAIDEZHUTIHERENLEISHENGHUODEZHENDI,LINGYIFANGMIANYAOHUIGUIDAOZHEXUEJIAZIJIDESHENGHUO。ZHEXUEJIADEZHEXUESHOUXIANYAORONGRUZIJIDESIWEIFANGSHI、CHUSHIYUANZE、SHENGHUOFANGSHIHERENSHENGMOSHI。


                            ZHEXUEBUNENGWEIQUANLISHICONG,YAOBAOCHIFANSIPIPANDEJINGSHENPINZHI


                          决战棋牌  ZHEXUEDEYIGEZHONGYAOPINZHIJIUSHIJUYOUGAODUDEFANSIJINGSHENHEPIPANJINGSHEN,ZHEISHIZHEXUEDETESEZHIYIHESHENGMINGLISUOZAI。KEYISHUO,PIPANJINGSHENSHIZHEXUEDEGENBENJINGSHENZHIYI,PIPANHEZIWOPIPANDEJINGSHENGUANCHUANYUZHEXUESIXIANGFAZHANDEQUANGUOCHENG。ZHEXUEBUNENGRENYUNYIYUN,BUNENGDAITOUXIEDUJINGSHENDEJIAZHIHEDAODEDECHONGGAO,BUNENGWEIQUANLISHICONG、WEIFUGUISHICONG。ZHEXUEYIDANSHIQULEFANSIJINGSHENHEPIPANJINGSHEN,JIUSHIQULEZHEXUEDEJIAZHIHEGAOGUIZHICHU。YINGGAIQINGXINGDIKANDAO,ZAIWOGUO,YIGESHIQIYILAI,SUIZHESHICHANGJINGJIDACHAODEFENGQIYUNYONG,YIXIECONGSHIZHEXUEYANJIUHEJIAOXUEDERENYONGZHUIZHUWUZHILIYIHEJINGJIXIAOYIDAITILEZHEXUEWENHUADESHEHUIGONGNENG,RENYUNYIYUN,WEILISHICONG,CHUXIANLE“SHICHANGDENULI”HE“ZHANMANTONGCHOUQI”DEXIANXIANG,YANZHONGDIBAIHUAILEZHEXUEDEXINGXIANG。DANGJINSHIDAI,SHIYIGEXINXIDABAOZHADESHIDAI,RENMENBEILAIZIGEGEFANGMIANDEXINXIBAOWEIZHE,ZHENJIANANBIAN,JIAZHIDUOYUAN,BUSHAORENZAIJIANGOUWUZHIJIAYUANDETONGSHISHIQULEJINGSHENJIAYUAN,LINGHUNZAIPIAOBO,XINLIZAIJIAOLV。ZAIZHEIZHONGQINGKUANGXIA,ZHEXUEYINGFAHUIQIFANSIJINGSHENHEPIPANGONGNENG,BANGZHURENMENZHAODAOANSHENLIMINGDEJINGSHENZHIZHU。BENWENLAIZI《DONGNANDAXUEXUEBAO(ZHEXUESHEHUIKEXUEBAN)》ZAZHI

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